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LogisticsWorld Guide to Selected Logistics Terminology

  • Acquisition - the process through which resources are obtained to meet determined requirements: methods include purchase, rent, lease, or borrow.

  • Black Box - any removable and replaceable unit in a system. (Usually refers to an electronic device.)

  • Conservation - the process through which systems, equipment and resources are maintained, improved, or replaced: conservation encompasses storage, maintenance, salvage, protection, reclamation, and preparation or modification for reuse.

  • Cradle-to-Grave - logistics planning, design, and support which takes in to account logistics support throughout the entire system life cycle.

  • Depot Maintenance - activities extending beyond the capabilities of the organizational or intermediate levels. Depot maintenance tasks include overhaul, repair, major modification, and technical assistance.

  • Distribution - the process of moving the people, resources, and services to where they are needed or will be used. Distribution involves transporting, storage, issue, disposal and reuse.

  • Distribution Logistics - the concept of viewing business processes of sales forecasting, purchasing, manufacturing, inventorying, shipping, and receiving as a single system.

  • Economic Order Quantity (EOQ) - order placement and quantity based on yearly (D) demand, (S) setup cost, and inventory (H) holding cost. Economic order quantity equals the square root of 2DS divided by H. (M. Cox)

  • Fully Mission Capable (FMC) - a system in which all supporting subsystems are fully functional. (M. Cox)

  • General Maintenance (GM) - routine or scheduled maintenance and handling not involving in-depth disassembly or movement.

  • General Systems Theory (GST) - the shared fundamental characteristics found in all mechanical, biological, and social systems.

  • In-Transit Visibility (ITV) - an information system which tells shippers, carriers, and consignees at any time where and when shipments are picked up, present location, and where and when shipments will be delivered.

  • Information System (IS) - a system of hardware, software, people, and policies for the purpose of sharing data and information.

  • Intermediate Maintenance (IM) - sometimes called "field" maintenance, includes activities requiring the use of specialized equipment or shops and greater specialization of skills. Intermediate maintenance includes inspection, calibration, adjustment, bench testing, and rebuild.

  • Just-in-Time (JIT) - order placement and delivery that is synchronized with production schedules to reduce or minimize inventory costs. (M. Cox)

  • Lean Logistics (LL, L2)- logistics systems which use the most direct and efficient means to supply, transport, distribute, maintain, and repair resources. (M. Cox)

  • Life Cycle - the phases of a product or system: need determination, system planning, research, design, production or construction, system evaluation, use and support, and phase out, disposal, or reuse.

  • Logistics - Logistics is defined as a business planning framework for the management of material, service, information and capital flows. It includes the increasingly complex information, communication and control systems required in today's business environment. (Logistix Partners Oy, Helsinki, FI, 1996)

  • Logistics - (military definition) The science of planning and carrying out the movement and maintenance of forces.... those aspects of military operations that deal with the design and development, acquisition, storage, movement, distribution, maintenance, evacuation and disposition of material; movement, evacuation, and hospitalization of personnel; acquisition of construction, maintenance, operation and disposition of facilities; and acquisition of furnishing of services. (JCS Pub 1-02 excerpt)

  • Logistics - The "practical art of moving armies." (General Antoine Henri Jomini)

  • Logistics Functions - planning, procurement, transportation, supply, and maintenance.

  • Logistics Planning - the process of evaluating requirements, ensuring adequate logistics support of these requirements, and identifying any limiting factors in logistics support.

  • Logistics Processes - requirements determination, acquisition, distribution, and conservation.

  • Lust-to-Dust - similar to "Cradle-to-Grave" but also includes the logistics considerations during the initial planning phase, prior to the acquisition process. Term used in the Canadian Forces. (Captain A.T. Bard)

  • Maintenance - the process of keeping equipment in a useable condition or returning it to that condition when it fails. Maintenance involves either preventive maintenance, corrective maintenance, or modifications.

  • Manufacturing Support - the process of planning, scheduling and supporting manufacturing operations.

  • Military Logistics - the system established to create and sustain military capability.

  • Not Mission Capable (NMC) - a system in which several supporting subsystems are not functioning properly, or a few key systems are not functioning at acceptable levels. Also, a system in which a single critical system is not functioning. (M. Cox)

  • Organizational Maintenance (OM) - generally limited to the routine but vital activities of inspecting, servicing, cleaning, and adjusting. Organizational maintenance activities usually do not require highly specialized skills or equipment.

  • Physical Distribution - the process of providing logistics services to customers.

  • Price Minimization - the procurement objective of seeking the lowest possible cost for goods and services.

  • Principles of Logistics - responsiveness, simplicity, flexibility, economy, attainability, sustainability, and survivability.

  • Procurement - the process of obtaining goods, services or facilities from suppliers in the correct qualtities and quality. (M. Cox)

  • Provisioning - the process of ensuring that the correct materials and equipment are correctly scheduled to be on hand or in place, in the correct quantities when they are needed. (M. Cox)

  • Purchasing - the process of obtaining goods and services from outside sources.

  • Reclamation - the collection and disposal of excess material.

  • Repair Parts Visibility - the data made available from information systems designed to provide the status of repair parts while in maintenance, and during transit or storage to and from a repair facility. (M. Cox)

  • Requirements Determination - determining what is needed, when it is needed, where it is needed, how much is needed, of what quality, and obtaining insight into why it is needed and how it will be used. (M. Cox)

  • Retail Supply - (military definition) the immediate support of mission units.

  • Supply - the collection of resources based upon requirements, storage and protection of the resources, and the issue of resourcs to users. Supply is either wholesale or retail, and includes the processes of provisioning, distribution, and reclamation.

  • Transportation - the movement of goods, supplies, equipment or people by road, water, air, rail, or pipeline.

  • Wholesale Supply - generally refers to mass acquisition and centralized storage.

Glossaries, Acronyms, Definitions, and Terminology

U.S. Government and Military Acronyms

LogisticsWorld's searchable database of 10,000 U.S. Government and Military Acronyms

335 - Transportation Terms Code

Trade terms, Shipment, Transportation, Premenos

Acronyms Used by Environmental Groups and Agencies

Connie Bailey and Beth Weiser, Ames Laboratory, Iowa, USA

AR 700-127 Glossary

Integrated Logistics Support Plan, U.S. Army


Rutgers University

Environmental and Environment-related Acronyms

Environmental Resources Information Network (ERIN), Australia


ISO_POLICIES: Glossary. Letter of Intent. INFRARED SPACE OBSERVATORY. AOT - Astronomical Observation Template: Representation of an observing mode in the proposal generation software (PGA). Central Programme: The co-ordinated observing programme to be carried out in the guaranteed time of the four Principal Investigator teams that built the instruments, the five Mission Scientists and the Science Operations Team.

Brown Computer Solutions - Web Words - ISO - International Organization

Brown Computer Solutions - Web Words - ISO - International Organization for Standardization ISO International Organization for Standardization - This organization is responsible for setting international standards in many computer related areas, as well as other areas. ISO members are the national standards bodies from about 100 countries, one from each country. ISO has issued more than 5,000 standards since its founding in 1946. The ISO is sometimes called the International Standards Organization.

Same Day USA Courier Jargon

Same Day USA is a nationwide small package courier company. Our corporate headquarters is located in Connecticut at Bradley International Airport. We have centralized dispatch which privies door-to-door pick-up and delivery with constant tracking of your shipments weighing from 1 to 15,000 pounds. We provide service in all states and to over 600 major US airports, the SAME DAY! We provide immediate pick-up and delivery utilizing our domestic air carriers, charter aircraft, our own fleet of vehicles or whatever else

The Basics of Electronic Data Interchange- A Short Quiz

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ESC Glossary

Index to the ETD Glossary, Environmental-Related Glossary of Terms, Ames Laboratory

Glossary of Air Charter Terms

The Air Charter Guide - Glossary. Air way Distance: The actual (as opposed to straight line) distance flown by the aircraft between two points, after deviations required by air traffic control and navigation along republished routes. The difference between this and straight line distance will vary throughout the country. Amphibious Floats: Floats, or "pontoons", except with retractable wheels which permit the aircraft to operate from paved airports. Staffed by the FAA, this entity allocates landing and takeoff reser

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The Yacht Charter Guide Online Network - Home. Planning a charter vacation. Glossary of charter terms. Listings of boats and businesses (including our exclusive interactive worldwide crewed-yacht search) News - discussion of charter issues. Welcome to the Yacht Charter Guide Online Network, your resource for comprehensive information on the whole worldwide charter fleet.

Glossary of Truck Terms

TWNA Glossary of Truck Terms Prepared by the Truck Writers of North America (TWNA) Produced by Caterpillar, Engine Division Distributed by Horton Industries Copyright 1995 Truck Writers of North America (TWNA) Material in this booklet may be used or reproduced without permission, provided the Truck Writers of North America.

Jane's Defence Glossary

Welcome to Jane's Defence Glossary. Our database contains over 20,000 defence-related acronyms and abbreviations. Use either the search facility or view the glossary alphabetically. If you can't find what you're looking for we'd like to hear from you. Submit acronyms using the form provided - we'll include them in our next update.

CALS glossary

International Business Machines (IBM) Corporation

Glossary - DISA

Defense Information Systems Agency, Joint Interoperability Engineering Organization Center for Standards, Promoting Interoperability through Standardization, James D. Buckner, Deputy Commander

Glossary of Acronyms and Abbreviations

NASA, Space Transportation System. The Space Shuttle is developed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. NASA coordinates and manages the Space Transportation System (NASA's name for the overall Shuttle program), including intergovernmental agency requirements and international and joint projects. NASA also oversees the launch and space flight requirements for civilian and commercial use.

ILC Glossary of Internet Terms

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Environmental Glossary - NTTC

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chapter 46

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Telephone Industry Terminology

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Glossary of Printing Terms

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FedEx FAQs

What is logistics? (FedEx Learning Lab)

FedEx White Papers

The Logistics Marketplace, The Evolution of the Logistics Concept

FedEx Glossary

Alphabetical index with cross-references of logistics terminology from the FedEx Learning Lab

Funding Determination Glossary

Funding Determination, U.S. Army Armament Research, Development & Engineering Center (ARDEC)

Glossary of EDI, EC and CALS Definitions

Electronic Commerce World Institute

Glossary of Ryder Terms

Ryder System Inc.

Glossary of Technical Terms - RR High/Wide

Terms used in Railroad High and Wide Clearances, American Railway Engineering Association, Railway Industrial Clearance Association

Glossary of Terms

The Ten Integrated Logistics Support (ILS) Elements, Acquisition Logistics Home Page, Air Force Institute of Technology

Glossary of Terms

Definitions and general criteria for Engineering Management,

Glossary of Terms and Definitions

ESA Scientific Projects Department, PDF (Portable Document Format)


Circle International

Logistics/Distribution Glossary

TNT Logistics

Managing Logistics Newsletter

(Logistics Definition): Michael Docherty & Associates, Inc.

The Logistics of Information

Information Technology, Logistics of Information - Logistics related concepts regarding information technology, Interlink Publishing

What is ISO 9000?

WWW Virtual Library of Logistics
Ver 4, Sep, 1999, Matthew D. Cox,
Sponsored by LogisticsWorld.
Copyright 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999 MDC, All rights reserved.