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			Acceptance Testing - 




The testing performed by a user to determine that an automated system (equipment or software) for a specific task or environment, e.g., a translator for a specific application and interchange format, performs according to specification. 




 Acronym: AT





 Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994





	
	
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ASSET - Automated Support for Software Engineering Technology, an ESPRIT project. Acronym: ASSET Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Bulletin Board Service - A bulletin board is similar to a network and thus Internet. Requirements for a bulletin board are a computer, modem, and preferably bulletin board software. A bulletin board can contain directories of files (for user downloading) and e-mail facilities (where users can exchange/or post messages). Based on their access privileges, Acronym: BBS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Bulletin Board Service - computer | internet | network | software |
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Caveat Emptor - Let the buyer beware.

Related Terms: Caveat Emptor - buyer | purchasing | retail |
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Commercial off the Shelf - Commercial Off The Shelf refers to software and hardware technology which is commercially available and requires minimum changes (design/development), if any, before implementation. S Shared Resource Center, 1994. October 1992. Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994. "CALS Testing Programs, Status and Strategy" October 1992. Acronym: COTS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Commercial off the Shelf - acquisition | commercial | contracting | hardware | inventory | make-or-buy | procurement | reliability | software |
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Component Testing - Conducted to verify the implementation of the design for one software element (e.g., unit, module) or a collection of software elements. Acronym: CT Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Sharon J Kemmerer Department of Commerce, United States Government "CALS Testing Programs, Status and Strategy" October 1992

Related Terms: Component Testing - component | design | engineering | reliability | software | system |
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Computer Disk ROM Drives - A CD (computer disk or compact disk) for a computer is a disk similar in function to a diskette such as a 3 1/4 diskette, but which uses compact disk technology to store large amounts (600 mbs) of read-only data. A CD ROM drive is the computer hardware that allows Acronym: CD  Computer Disk ROM Drives Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Computer Disk ROM Drives - computer | hardware | read-only memory |
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Computer Resources Support - The facilities, hardware, system software, software development and support tools, documentation, and people needed to operate and support an embedded computer system. Reference: Air Force Institute of Technology, Graduate School of Acquisition and Logistics

Related Terms: Computer Resources Support - acquisition | integrated logistics support | logistics | military |
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Computer-Aided Software Engineering - CASE is an umbrella term for a collection of tools and techniques which are said by their distributors to promise revolutionary gains in analyst and programmer productivity. The two prominent delivered technologies are application generators and PC-based workstations that provide graphics-oriented automation of the front end of the development process. Acronym: CASE Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993

Related Terms: Computer-Aided Software Engineering - computer | design | engineering | program | software |
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Database Management System (1) - Software designed to manipulate the information in a database. It can create, sort, display selected information, search for specific information, and perform many other tasks of a database. This kind of software allows speed of access and the ability to automatically produce reports. Acronym: DBMS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Database Management System (1) - data | data base | data base management system | database | data model | management |
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Destination System - The computer hardware, software, and network receiving transferred data. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-B", 1993

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Eco-Management and Audit Scheme - A 1993 initiative to promote awareness and the practice of responsible environmental management in industry. Acronym: EMAS Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Energy Sciences Network - This is a Department of Energy (DOE) system that provides the full text of select DOE documents. Many of these documents are related to computers and information policy. It also contains gateways to a variety of energy-related sources and downloadable public domain software. Acronym: ESnet Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Energy Sciences Network - energy | government | network | policy |
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Enterprise Resource Planning - ERP represents the next generation of manufacturing resource planning (MRP II) software. ERP's usefulness and power lies beyond the present function boundaries of MRP II. Beyond the standard functionality that is offered, other features are included, e.g., quality process operations management, and regulatory reporting. In addition the base technology used Acronym: ERP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Enterprise Resource Planning - capacity requirements planning | enterprise | management | manufacturing | material requirements planning | planning | resource |
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ESSENTIAL - European Systems Strategy for the Evolution of New Technology in Advanced Learning, a ESSI. European Software and Systems Initiative, a 1990 project on quality and productivity in software systems. Acronym: ESSENTIAL Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Expert System - A software system with two basic components: a knowledge base and an inference engine. The system mimics an expert's reasoning process. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Expert System - computer | engine | software | system |
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Finger - A software tool used to determine whether another user is logged on to the Internet. It can also be used to find out a user's address. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Finger - computer | communications | data | internet | protocol | software |
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Flexible Computer Integrated Manufacturing - FCIM is the integration of equipment, software, communication, human resources, and business practices within an enterprise to rapidly manufacture, repair, and deliver items on demand with continuous improvements in the processes. The FCIM initiative is a Joint Service and Agency effort to establish and implement the procedures and processes needed Acronym: FCIM Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: National Security Industrial Association "CALS Expo '93, Proceedings and Reference"_

Related Terms: Flexible Computer Integrated Manufacturing - business | computer | computer-aided manufacturing | computer-integrated manufacturing | integration | management | policy | quality | software |
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Goods - Products, merchandise, commodities, supplies, raw materials, property, stock, inventory, liquids, chemicals, wares, perishables; items of commerce; dry goods, capital goods, consumer goods, perishable goods, canned goods, liquid goods.

Related Terms: Goods - durables | inventory | merchandise | products | retail | wholesale |
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Integrated Logistics Support (2) - Encompasses the unified management of the technical logistics elements that plan and develop the support requirements for a system. This can include hardware, software, and the provisioning of training and maintenance resources. Acronym: ILS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: HUM - The Government Computer Magazine "Integrated Logistics" December 1993, Walter Cooke

Related Terms: Integrated Logistics Support (2) - acquisition | continuous acquisition and life-cycle support | hardware | integration | logistics | management | maintenance | provisioning | software | support | system |
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Integration - Can be described as consisting of three main components: physical integration, the connection of the hardware; data integration, the ready exchange of data between applications without loss of functionality; and lastly business integration, the integration of the functions needed to support decisions, monitor and control business. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Source: Department of Trade and Industry, United Kingdom "Open Systems in Manufacturing"

Related Terms: Integration - acquisition | data | design | distribution | engineering | inventory | logistics | management | manufacturing | operations management | production | system | systems management | warehousing |
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Intelligent Character Recognition - A technology that employs either software only or software and hardware to automatically recognize and translate raster images into structured data. Acronym: ICR Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Intelligent Character Recognition - computer | data | hardware | raster graphics | software |
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Intelligent Transportation Systems - Blanket term for a wide array of technologies, including electronic sensors, computer hardware and software and radio communications. The purpose of IVHS is to increase efficiency of use of existing highways, reducing travel time, fuel consumption, air pollution and accidents. There are five functional areas: Advanced Public Transportation Systems (APTS). Acronym: ITS Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Intelligent Transportation Systems - automatic vehicle identification | automated vehicle location | intelligent vehicle highway systems | trucking | weight-in-motion |
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Intelligent Vehicle Highway Systems - Blanket term for a wide array of technologies, including electronic sensors, computer hardware and software and radio communications. The purpose of IVHS is to increase efficiency of use of existing highways, reducing travel time, fuel consumption, air pollution and accidents. There are five functional areas: Advanced Public Transportation Systems (APTS). Acronym: IVHS Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Intelligent Vehicle Highway Systems - automatic vehicle identification | automated vehicle location | intelligent transportation systems | trucking | weight-in-motion |
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Internet Relay Chat (1) - A software tool that makes it possible to hold real-time keyboard conversations on-line. Acronym: IRC Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Internet Relay Chat (1) - communications | internet | software |
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Inventory - Supplies, wares, goods, durables, or materials on hand or in stock.

Related Terms: Inventory - decoupling | durables | goods | stock | supplies | wares |
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IRIS - A Commission initiative on promoting awareness of the value of information technologies among women. Acronym: IRIS Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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ITSEC - Information Technical Security Evaluation Criteria, a 1992 initiative to increase consumer awareness of and confidence in information technology and its products. Acronym: ITSEC Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Joint Engineering Data Management Information and Computer System - The standard DoD program for management of engineering drawings and related technical data. It automates the DoD's engineering data repositories using an integrated suite of off-the-shelf hardware and software. This system enables improved acquisition, storage, update, and retrieval of technical information. Plans call for installation of JEDMICS at 25 sites Acronym: JEDMICS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government, Final Coordination Draft CALS Strategic Plan, 1993

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Life-Cycle Management System - A set of processes (which may include computer-aided software engineering tools) which facilitate the creation, tailoring, and navigation of a system development life cycle. A life cycle management system may take the form of an integrated project support environment or an estimating system linked to a project scheduling and tracking Acronym: CMS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

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Material Requirements Planning (1) - Original manufacturing business software that focused only on planning the manufacturing materials and inventories and did not integrate planning for other resources, such as people and machine capacity. Acronym: MRP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Material Requirements Planning (1) - inventory | management | manufacturing | planning | production | software | technology |
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MATIC - Multi-Strategy Authoring Toolkit for Intelligent Courseware, a MATTHAEUS. A 1991 exchange programme for customs officials working on the operation of the internal market. Acronym: MATIC Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Motif - Graphical user interface specified by the Open Software Foundation and built on the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's X Windows. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Motif - computer | open system | program | software |
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Mule - Special tractor used to move trailers around a terminal, warehouse, distribution center, etc. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Mule - trucking | yard mule | yard tractor |
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National Information Infrastructure - A concept conceived by the Clinton Administration and an alliance of computer, software, cable, and phone companies. The proposed concept would be the electronic network of tomorrow and would use phone line, cable systems, and high-speed data-networks to link everyone, including government agencies, universities, company presidents, and private citizens. The Acronym: NII Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: National Information Infrastructure - computer | education | hardware | marketing | network | software | telecommunications |
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Optical Character Recognition - The ability of a computer to recognize written characters through some optical-sensing device and pattern recognition software. Acronym: OCR Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Optical Character Recognition - computer | document | hardware | software |
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Page-Description Language - Software that instructs a printer in composing various elements (e.g., text, graphics, images) of a printed page. [Ed. or Standard Page Description Language: ISO 10180, Information Processing Text Composition], 1993. Acronym: PDL Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Page-Description Language - computer | document | file | graphics standard | international standards organization | software |
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Parser - A parser is a specialized software program that recognizes SGML and markup in a document. A parser that reads a DTD and checks and reports on markup errors is a validating SGML parser. A parser can be built into an SGML editor to prevent incorrect tagging and to check whether Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: ArborText "Getting Started with SGML", 1992

Related Terms: Parser - computer | document type definition | markup | program | software | standard generalized markup language |
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Portable Operating System Interface - This standard defines a C programming language source interface to an operating system environment. This standard is used by computing professionals involved in system and application software development and implementation. [TBITS 7.1.] Government also endorses POSIX, i.e. TBITS 7.1.] Acronym: POSIX Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Portable Operating System Interface - computer | exchange | interface | software | system |
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RAISE - Rigorous Approaches to Industrial Software Engineering, an ESPRIT project. Acronym: RAISE Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Random-Access Memory - Thought of as temporary memory because when the computer is turned off, all data stored in RAM is lost. To run a computer software application, it must be loaded into RAM. All computer programs (software) have a minimum RAM requirement. Acronym: RAM Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Random-Access Memory - computer | hardware | media | read-only memory | software |
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Repository - A facility for storing descriptions and behaviors of objects in an enterprise, including requirements, policies, processes, data, software libraries, projects, platforms and personnel, with the potential of supporting both software development and operations management. A single point of definition for all system resources. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group Adapted from: "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993

Related Terms: Repository - business | data base | document | enterprise | file | information | information management | policy | process | program | software |
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Router - Hardware/software solution that directs messages between LANs. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Router - computer | hardware | interface | local area network | network | software |
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SEDOS - Software Environment for the Design of Open Distributed Systems, an ESPRIT project. Acronym: SEDOS Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Source System - The computer hardware, software, and network that will structure technical information for interchange. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-A" 1993

Related Terms: Source System - computer | hardware | interchange | network | software | system |
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SPECS - Specification Environment for Communications Software, a RACE project. Acronym: SPECS Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Standard for the Exchange of Product Model Data - A standard under development which will be used to describe a product in a neutral format over its complete life-cycle in a hardware-independent way. Acronym: STEP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Trade and Industry, United Kingdom. "CALS: Computer Aided Acquisition and Logistic Support: The Executive Guide"

Related Terms: Standard for the Exchange of Product Model Data - continuous acquisition and life-cycle support | data | exchange | hardware | interchange | life cycle | standard |
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LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Standard for the Exchange of Product Model Data - continuous acquisition and life-cycle support | data | exchange | hardware | interchange | life cycle | standard |
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System (1) - Specific suite of computer hardware and software. As used in the terms "Source System" and "Destination System," the term does not necessarily correspond one to one with "site" or "base" in that most prime contractor sites and DoD installations have more than one system. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Standard 1840-B" 1992

Related Terms: System (1) - computer | contracting | department of defense | hardware | software |
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LogisticsWorld Acronyms: System (1) - computer | contracting | department of defense | hardware | software |
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Technical Data (1) - Recorded information, regardless of form or method of the recording of a scientific or technical nature (including software documentation). The term does not include computer software or data incidental to contract administration, such as financial and/or management information. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-A" 1993

Related Terms: Technical Data (1) - acquisition | data | engineering | maintenance | manufacturing | product data | production | software | technical data package | technical manual |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Technical Data (1) - acquisition | data | engineering | maintenance | manufacturing | product data | production | software | technical data package | technical manual |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Technical Data (1) - acquisition | data | engineering | maintenance | manufacturing | product data | production | software | technical data package | technical manual |
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Unix - A family of operating systems known for its relative hardware independence and portable applications interface. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group Adapted from: "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993

Related Terms: Unix - computer | software | system |
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LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Unix - computer | software | system |
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War Risk - A clause in a warehouse policy describing the limits warehouse responsibility and liability in the event of war.

Related Terms: War Risk - clause | insurance policy | liability | warehouse | warehouse policy |
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LogisticsWorld Acronyms: War Risk - clause | insurance policy | liability | warehouse | warehouse policy |
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Warehouse - A facility for the storage and security of goods and merchandise.

Related Terms: Warehouse - facility | goods | merchandise | storage |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Warehouse - facility | goods | merchandise | storage |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Warehouse - facility | goods | merchandise | storage |
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Warehouse Receipt - A receipt for goods placed in a warehouse.

Related Terms: Warehouse Receipt - goods | receipt | warehouse |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Warehouse Receipt - goods | receipt | warehouse |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Warehouse Receipt - goods | receipt | warehouse |
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Warehouse-to-Warehouse - A clause in a warehouse policy that defines when coverage begins and ends.

Related Terms: Warehouse-to-Warehouse - clause | insurance policy | warehouse | warehouse policy |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Warehouse-to-Warehouse - clause | insurance policy | warehouse | warehouse policy |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Warehouse-to-Warehouse - clause | insurance policy | warehouse | warehouse policy |
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Warehousing - The act of storing, securing and managing raw materials, goods or merchandise in a warehouse.

Related Terms: Warehousing - goods | merchandise | raw materials | security | storage | warehouse |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Warehousing - goods | merchandise | raw materials | security | storage | warehouse |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Warehousing - goods | merchandise | raw materials | security | storage | warehouse |
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Wares - Products or merchandise for sale.

Related Terms: Wares - merchandise | products |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Wares - merchandise | products |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Wares - merchandise | products |
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Web Browser - Computer software for viewing web pages and other forms of information on the world wide web.

Related Terms: Web Browser - client software | computer | internet | server | software | web page | web site | world wide web |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Web Browser - client software | computer | internet | server | software | web page | web site | world wide web |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Web Browser - client software | computer | internet | server | software | web page | web site | world wide web |
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Wide Area Information Server (1) - Software that is used to index large text files in servers. On the client side, it finds and retrieves documents in databases, based on user-defined keywords. WAIS indexes can be searched for everything from government documents and treaties to documents about obscure religious sects. Acronym: WAIS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Wide Area Information Server (1) - client | data base | file | local-area network | network | server | software | text file | wide-area network |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Wide Area Information Server (1) - client | data base | file | local-area network | network | server | software | text file | wide-area network |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Wide Area Information Server (1) - client | data base | file | local-area network | network | server | software | text file | wide-area network |
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Workflow Management - A software application that controls the order and monitors the execution of a series of processes (worksteps) in which people act upon work items (documents, forms, folders and images). Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993

Related Terms: Workflow Management - business | computer | design | engineering | industry | management | manufacturing | network | operations management | production | software | system | workflow |
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LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Workflow Management - business | computer | design | engineering | industry | management | manufacturing | network | operations management | production | software | system | workflow |
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Yard Mule - Special tractor used to move trailers around a terminal, warehouse, distribution center, etc. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Yard Mule - trucking | yard jockey | yard tractor |
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LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Yard Mule - trucking | yard jockey | yard tractor |
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Yard Tractor - Special tractor used to move trailers around a terminal, warehouse, distribution center, etc. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Yard Tractor - trucking | yard jockey | yard mule |
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LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Yard Tractor - trucking | yard jockey | yard mule |
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Unless otherwise indicated, all entries in the LogisticsWorld Logistics Glossary are copyright 1997, Matthew D. Cox, logistics@logisticsworld.com.

 

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Ver 4, Sep, 1999, Matthew D. Cox, logistics@logisticsworld.com
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