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			American National Standards Institute (1) - 




The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) is a privately funded, non-profit organization which coordinates the development of voluntary standards in the United States and is the agency that approves standards (as American National Standards). It coordinates and manages U.S. participation in the work of several non-governmental international standards organizations, including              




 Acronym: ANSI





 Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994





	
	
Related Terms: American National Standards Institute (1) - industry | specification | standard | technology |

Association Agreements - Originally agreements between the EC and European states which at the time had not rejected the future possibility of applying for EC membership. They involve reciprocal arrangements for imports and exports within a customs union. Agreements are supervised by an Association Council representing both parties. The similar agreements with Eastern Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Association Agreements - international | trade |

Balladur Memorandum - A 1988 French statement on the reforms to the European Monetary system (EMS) necessary for an effective internal market. The core ideas were the maintaining of identical margins of permissible currency fluctuations and the participation of all Member States in the Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM). Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Balladur Memorandum - international | trade |

Basket of Currencies - Those currencies which together determine the value of the European Currency Unit (ECU). Each currency in the basket is weighted according to its country's gross national product (GNP), trade, and short-term credit quotas. Part of the European Monetary System (EMS), full participation in the basket was regarded as an important Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Basket of Currencies - international | trade |

Bridge Formula - A bridge protection formula used by federal and state governments to regulate the amount of weight that can be put on each of a vehicle's axles, and how far apart the axles (or groups of axles) must be to legally carry a given weight. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Bridge Formula - transportation | trucking |

Bunk - Sleeping compartment mounted behind a truck cab, sometimes attached to the cab or even designed to be an integral part of it. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Bunk - sleeper | trucking |

CACTI - Common Agricultural Customs Transmission of Information, part of CADDIA. Acronym: CACTI Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: CACTI - international | trade |

CELAD - Coordination Group on Drugs, established as part of the TREVI system in 1989 to promote cooperation on drug-related problems, especially drug trafficking. Acronym: CELAD Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: CELAD - international | trade |

Common Carrier Legislation - Requires energy transmission systems to carry energy between any third party supplier and the consumer at a reasonable tariff. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Common Carrier Legislation - international | trade |

Community Programme for Education and Training in Technology - Established in 1986, a programme to promote cross-national cooperation and partnerships between enterprises and universities in the training of students in new technologies, mainly through the provision of work experience in another EC country. Acronym: COMETT Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Community Programme for Education and Training in Technology - international | trade |

Component - A part of a system or mechanism.

Related Terms: Component - black box | parts | spare | spares | supplies | system |

Conformance Testing - The testing of a candidate product for the existence of characteristics required by a standard. Its primary activity is to ensure specified behavior of implementations. Additional benefits include: clarifying the standard for guiding future implementation, producing a feedback loop to the standards making bodies for improvements to the standard, encouraging Acronym: CT Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Conformance Testing - acquisition | contracting | product | quality | reliability | specification |

Contract - An legally-binding agreement between two parties.

Related Terms: Contract - clause | terms of agreement |

Corporate Information Management - The US Department of Defense initiative to streamline and improve the way information is managed throughout the military. The Information Management philosophy is founded on business process improvement. Acronym: CIM Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994

Related Terms: Corporate Information Management - business | department of defense | information management | management | military | process |

Council of Ministers - The executive organ of the EC representing the Member States, with one representative per country. Because it is responsible for a broad range of policy sectors, it has no fixed membership. the composition of each Council meeting is determined by a particular policy agenda. At its core are the gatherings Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Council of Ministers - international | trade |

Data - Information; usually refers to an organized collection of information about a particular subject. (Singular: Datum - One piece of data.)

Related Terms: Data - data base | data base management | data base management system | information |

Descriptive Markup - Markup that describes the structure and other attributes of a document in a non-system-specific manner, independently of any processing that may be performed on it. In particular, it uses tags to express the element structure. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Standard 1840-B" 3 November 1992

Related Terms: Descriptive Markup - computer | markup | program | software | standard |

Digital Technical Data - Includes the part descriptions, product specifications, and standards that the initial designer draws upon; the engineering drawings and product data used in design and manufacturing; the information needed to guide the people who operate the system in the field, or who support and maintain it at all echelons of the Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-B", 1993

Related Terms: Digital Technical Data - acquisition | continuous acquisition and life-cycle support | data | design | specification | standard | technical data |

Dominant Firm Abuse - The control of a market for particular products by companies which possess a hegemonic position in that market, and prohibitied by the EC treaties. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Dominant Firm Abuse - international | trade |

EBTI - European Binding Tariff Information, part of CADDIA. Acronym: EBTI Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: EBTI - international | trade |

EDI - Electronic Data Interchange, a linkage between EC chemical industries and their trading partners. Acronym: EDI Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: EDI - international | trade |

Energy Sciences Network - This is a Department of Energy (DOE) system that provides the full text of select DOE documents. Many of these documents are related to computers and information policy. It also contains gateways to a variety of energy-related sources and downloadable public domain software. Acronym: ESnet Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Energy Sciences Network - energy | government | network | policy |

Estimated Time of Departure - The date and time a vehicle or shipment is expected to depart on a journey. Acronym: ETD

Related Terms: Estimated Time of Departure - carrier | estimated delivery date | estimated time of arrival | shipment | vehicle |

ETEE - Educational Technologies for European Enterprises, a ETL. European Test Laboratory, part of the Joint Research Centre (JRC). Acronym: ETEE Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: ETEE - international | trade |

EURO-AIM - European Organization for an Audiovisual Independent Market, part of the MEDIA programme, offering support and advice for independent producers. Acronym: EURO-AIM Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: EURO-AIM - international | trade |

Export Declaration - A document required by the U.S. Treasury Department and completed by a shipper indicating the contents, value, and destination of an export shipment.

Related Terms: Export Declaration - export | export bill of lading | international | shipment | shipping |

Flexible Computer Integrated Manufacturing - FCIM is the integration of equipment, software, communication, human resources, and business practices within an enterprise to rapidly manufacture, repair, and deliver items on demand with continuous improvements in the processes. The FCIM initiative is a Joint Service and Agency effort to establish and implement the procedures and processes needed Acronym: FCIM Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: National Security Industrial Association "CALS Expo '93, Proceedings and Reference"_

Related Terms: Flexible Computer Integrated Manufacturing - business | computer | computer-aided manufacturing | computer-integrated manufacturing | integration | management | policy | quality | software |

HAZMAT - Hazardous materials, as classified by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Transport of hazardous materials is strictly regulated by the U.S. Department of Transportation. Acronym: HAZMAT Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: HAZMAT - environmental | trucking |

Hours-of-Service - U.S. Department of Transportation safety regulations which govern the hours of service of commercial vehicle drivers engaged in interstate trucking operations. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Hours-of-Service - transportation | trucking |

INTERPRISE - An initiative for encouraging transnational partnerships between industries and services. Acronym: INTERPRISE Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: INTERPRISE - international | trade |

Inter-University Cooperation Programmes - Partnership agreements between education institutes within the European Community Action Scheme for the Mobility of University Students (ERASMUS). Acronym: ICP, ICPs Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Inter-University Cooperation Programmes - international | trade |

Joint Computer-Aided Acquisition and Logistic Support - The JCALS program is the Department of Defense's lead system for implementation of CALS. The functionality of JCALS will provide automation of technical manuals and other maintenance documents. Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994. Acronym: JCALS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Joint Computer-Aided Acquisition and Logistic Support - acquisition | continuous acquisition and life-cycle support | defense | department of defense | military | maintenance | manufacturing | support | technology |

Just-in-Time (1) - Manufacturing system which depends on frequent, small deliveries of parts and supplies to keep on-site inventory to a minimum. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Just-in-Time (1) - inventory | manufacturing | trucking |

Less Than Carload - A shipment in which the freight does not completely fill the container or railcar; or a particular consignor's freight when combined with others to produce a full carload. Acronym: LTC Reference: less than container load,

Related Terms: Less Than Carload - carload | freight | full carload | railcar | shipment |

Less Than Container Load - A shipment in which the freight does not completely fill the container; or a particular consignor's freight when combined with others to produce a full container load. Acronym: LCL Reference: less than container load,

Related Terms: Less Than Container Load - container | container load | freight | full container load | shipment |

Less Than Truckload - A shipment in which the freight does not completely fill the trailer or container; or a particular consignor's freight when combined with others to produce a full truckload or full container load. Acronym: LTL Reference: less than container load,

Related Terms: Less Than Truckload - container | freight | full truckload | trailer | truck | truckload | shipment |

Letter Of Agreement - A document executed between two or more parties outlining specific agreements relating to the accomplishment of an action. Acronym: LOA Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994

Related Terms: Letter Of Agreement - contract | contracting | enterprise | management | organization |

Loan Receipt - A receipt for a claim paid in advance by an insurance company to an insured, and which repayable to the insurance company if the insured recovers the loss from a third party.

Related Terms: Loan Receipt - insurance | loan |

Logbook - Book carried by truck drivers in which they record their hours of service and duty status for each 24-hour period. Required in interstate commercial trucking by the U.S. Department of Transportation. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Logbook - truck | trucking |

Military Handbook - A document published by the Military Defense Department as a guide for implementing various programs. Acronym: MIL-HDBK Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994

Related Terms: Military Handbook - acquisition | contracting | department of defense | logistics | military | military specification | standard | technical data | technical manual |

Military Handbook 59 - The "DoD CALS Program Implementation Guide," is not a standard. It provides the acquisition manager and his staff, as well as defense contractors and government end users with a detailed explanation of the CALS program, its objectives and strategy, and how to develop and apply CALS requirements that meet the Acronym: MIL-HDBK-59 Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Education Working Group, US CALS/CE Industry Steering Group "Electronic Blue Book" , 1993

Related Terms: Military Handbook 59 - acquisition | continuous acquisition and life-cycle support | contracting | department of defense | logistics | military | military handbook | military specification |

Military Specification - A Specification used to specify requirements when designing or producing a product for the Department of Defense. Acronym: MIL-SPEC Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994

Related Terms: Military Specification - acquisition | contracting | department of defense | logistics | engineering | manufacturing | military | military handbook | production | requirements | specification | standard |

MINE - Microbial Information Network Europe, part of the Biotechnology Action Programme (BAP). Acronym: MINE Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: MINE - international | trade |

Organizing - The act of placing things in a particular order or arrangement.

Related Terms: Organizing - management | managing | organization | planning |

Partially Mission Capable - A system in which critical supporting subsystems are functional.

Related Terms: Partially Mission Capable - fully mission capable | mission | not mission capable |

Parts - The components of a system, or spares designated for a system.

Related Terms: Parts - replacement | spare | spares | system |

Parts List Data Base - This tool controls parts inventory during fabrication and operation. PLDB provides inventory status of parts, prepares part list reports, generates purchase orders, and tracks cost/budget of parts. PLDB is linked to LSAR, Imaging, and Bar Coding. Acronym: PLDB Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: National Security Industrial Association "CALS Expo '93, Proceedings and Reference

Related Terms: Parts List Data Base - components | data | data base | inventory | inventory control | logistics support analysis record | manufacturing | parts | production | purchasing |

Product Data Exchange Standard/Standard for the Exchange of Product Model Data - A set of standards under development for communicating a complete product model with sufficient information content that advanced CAD/CAM applications can interpret. PDES is under development as a national (U.S.) standard and STEP is under development as its international counterpart. Acronym: PDES/STEP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994

Related Terms: Product Data Exchange Standard/Standard for the Exchange of Product Model Data - communications | computer-aided design | computer-aided manufacturing | data | exchange | file | interchange | product | standard |

Quota Restrictions - Restraints upon trade which limit the volume of exports into a country, abolished within the EC by 1968, and removed in many of the international agreements to which the EC is party. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Quota Restrictions - international | trade |

Rapid Acquisition of Manufactured Parts - The Navy's RAMP program will enhance logistic support by applying data-driven automated manufacturing, acquisition, and inventory management technologies to produce small lots of selected, hard-to-acquire parts and assemblies at reduced cost and significantly shortened lead times. Acronym: RAMP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Education Working Group, US CALS/CE Industry Steering Group "Electronic Blue Book" 1993

Related Terms: Rapid Acquisition of Manufactured Parts - acquisition | data | component | inventory | logistics | manufacturing | parts | procurement | production | supply | support |

Repair Parts - Spares used to replace failed components during maintenance.

Related Terms: Repair Parts - components | failure | maintenance | malfunction | parts | spare | spares | supplies |

Sleeper (1) - Sleeping compartment mounted behind a truck cab, sometimes attached to the cab or even designed to be an integral part of it. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Sleeper (1) - bunk | trucking |

Spare - An extra or backup part or component of equivalent form and function.

Related Terms: Spare - parts | replacement | spares |

Spares - Extra or backup parts or components of equivalent form and function.

Related Terms: Spares - parts | replacement | spare |

Special Telecommunication Action for Regional Development - A 1986 initiative to aid the economic and industrial development of poorer regions by enabling to participate in telecommunications technologies and services. Acronym: STAR Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Special Telecommunication Action for Regional Development - international | trade |

Spread Axle - Tandem axle assembly spaced further apart than the standard spacing of 54 inches. The U.S. federal bridge formula favors trailer axles with an eight or nine foot spread by allowing higher weight than on tandems with standard spacing. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Spread Axle - axle | spread tandem | tandem axle | tandems | trucking |

Spread Tandem - Tandem axle assembly spaced further apart than the standard spacing of 54 inches. The U.S. federal bridge formula favors trailer axles with an eight or nine foot spread by allowing higher weight than on tandems with standard spacing. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Spread Tandem - axle | spread axle | trucking |

Straight Bill of Lading - A bill of lading that is non-negotiable and for which the consignment is made directly to a particular consignee. Acronym: SBL

Related Terms: Straight Bill of Lading - bill of lading | carrier | consign | consignee | consignment | shipment | through bill of lading |

Supply Support - All management actions, procedures, and techniques necessary to acquire, catalog, receive, store, transfer, issue, and dispose of secondary items. This includes provisioning for initial support, as well as acquiring, distributing, and replenishing inventory spares and parts, and planning for direct and competitive spares procurement. Reference: Air Force Institute of Technology, Graduate School of Acquisition and Logistics

Related Terms: Supply Support - acquisition | integrated logistics support | logistics | military |

Support Equipment - All equipment (mobile or fixed) required to support the operation and maintenance of weapon systems, except that which is an integral part of the mission equipment. Acronym: SE Reference: Air Force Institute of Technology, Graduate School of Acquisition and Logistics

Related Terms: Support Equipment - acquisition | integrated logistics support | logistics | military |

System - An arrangement of parts and/or processes that serve a unified function or purpose.

Related Terms: System - components | environment | function | input | output | parts | spares | systems approach | systems management | theory of constraints |

Systems Approach - A management or analysis approach that addresses issues as part of the larger system, or addresses the system as a whole.

Related Terms: Systems Approach - analysis | management | system | systems management |

Technical Data - Includes flight manuals, operator manuals, maintenance instructions (organizational, intermediate, and depot levels), illustrated parts breakdowns, time compliance technical orders (TCTOs), and commercial manuals required to operate, maintain, service, repair, overhaul, and modify the systems, subsystems, or equipment acquired by the Air Force. Reference: Air Force Institute of Technology, Graduate School of Acquisition and Logistics

Related Terms: Technical Data - acquisition | integrated logistics support | logistics | military |

UETP - University Enterprise Training Partnerships, a core component of the Community Programme for Education and Training in Technology. Acronym: UETP Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: UETP - international | trade |

Vehicle Maintenance Reporting Standards - Set of codes developed to facilitate computerized tracking of parts and labor used in equipment repair. Established and maintained by the American Trucking Associations. Acronym: VMRS Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Vehicle Maintenance Reporting Standards - maintenance | trucking |

VISIMAR - Visualization and Simulation of Marine environmental Processes, an Voluntary Export Restraints (VERs). Bilateral agreement between the EC and other countries where the latter voluntarily agree to limit the volume of their exports to the EC of particular products. Acronym: VISIMAR Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: VISIMAR - international | trade |

X.25 - A data communication protocol that ensures data integrity while data is being transmitted to, from and within the network. This standard defines the interconnection of packet-switching networks and their associated computers or terminals. These types of networks make efficient use of the telecommunications networks by taking the data generated by Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: X.25 - computer | data | exchange | interface | network | protocol | standard | telecommunications | X.400 | X.500 |

X.400 - Defines the special rules for transmission of a message which may include text, pictures, and graphics, and allows information to be transmitted between computers, without specific manufacturer restrictions. [Ed. a series of recommendations from CCITT]. Adapted from: "Canadian Participation in the Development of EDI Standards" 1991. Included with permission from:Industry Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: X.400 - computer | data | exchange | interface | network | protocol | standard | telecommunications | X.25 | X.500 |

X.500 - The establishment of any global interconnected network, requires a directory. The standard for establishing such a directory is X.500, which enables users to browse through user listings as though they were looking through a telephone book. Ed. a CCITT Standard]on from: Industry Canada. "Canadian Participation in the Development of EDI Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: X.500 - computer | data | exchange | interface | network | protocol | standard | telecommunications | X.25 | X.400 |


Unless otherwise indicated, all entries in the LogisticsWorld Logistics Glossary are copyright 1997, Matthew D. Cox, logistics@logisticsworld.com.

 

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