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			AMIS - 




Agricultural Markets Intelligence System, a computer system and database within CADDIA on the management and market data of the European Agricultural Guidance and Guarantee Fund (EAGGF). 




 Acronym: AMIS





 Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm





	
	
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Approximation - The process of the elimination of unwanted or unnecessary differences in national legislation within the context of the internal market. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Balladur Memorandum - A 1988 French statement on the reforms to the European Monetary system (EMS) necessary for an effective internal market. The core ideas were the maintaining of identical margins of permissible currency fluctuations and the participation of all Member States in the Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM). Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Basic Price - Within the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), the cost of production price for pigmeat, fruit and vegetables. The European Agricultural Guidance and Guarantee Fund (EAGGF) intervenes to purchase produce if the average market price falls below the basic price. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Business Cooperation Centre - A liaison office of the Commission providing both it and European enterprsies with information on regulations and marketing, also operating a Business Cooperation Network (BC-NET) to encourage collaboration between enterprises. Acronym: BCC Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Cecchini Report - A 1988 survey of the EC economy which detailed and costed the obstacles that hindered the development of an internal market. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Chasse Gardée - A phrase (meaning protected competition) used by opponents of too great a move towards free trade, who wish a more protected EC market. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Commercial Policy - See Competition Policy; Internal Market. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Common Agricultural Policy - Originally created with three main components: a single market for agricultural products, with common prices; a common external tariff (CET) on agricultural imports; and common financial responsibility. Its core is the guaranteed price system and the intervention (where food surpluses occur) system, administered by the European Agricultural Guidance and Guarantee Acronym: CAP Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Common Commercial Policy - See Competition Policy; Internal Market. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Common Fisheries Policy - Established in 1983 for a twenty-year period, and focusing on access to and the preservation of fish stocks. While all EC waters were to be open to all EC fishermen (except for a limited coastal range), fishing was governed by the Total Allowable Catch (TAC), a quota system for each Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Community Committee for the Coordination of Fraud Prevention - Established to develop a plan on how the EC could combat fraud within the internal market. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Community Energy Demonstration Programme - A 1986 initiative to investigate future energy saving measures and the possibility of a single EC energy market. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Competition Policy - The objective of achieving a balance between imposing necessary restrictions upon unrestrained economic competition, and the removal of damaging restrictive economic practices by enterprises and governments that prevent a coherent integration of the EC market. It is underwritten by the EC treaties, which give the Commission substantial investigatory and punitive Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Coordination Group - Free Movement - An intergovernmental body established in 1990 by the European Council to check on preparation for the ending of national border control during the implementation of the internal market. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Dangerous Substances - Products regarded as potentially dangerous and/or toxic whose classification, use, labelling and marketing are regulated by EC legislation. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Deficiency Payments - Funds provided to producers within the price guarantee system of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) to give them a fair price for their produce and labour when their costs are higher than the market prices for their produce. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Delors I - A 1987 package of Budget proposals put forward by the Commission as a response to EC funding problems, intended to enable the EC to realise the aim of implementing the internal market by the end of 1992. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Dominant Firm Abuse - The control of a market for particular products by companies which possess a hegemonic position in that market, and prohibitied by the EC treaties. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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ES2 - An ESA. European System of Integrated Economic Accounts, set up to aid the development of an information system in connection with the internal market. Acronym: ES2 Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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ETP - Executive Training Programme, to prepare young executives from EC enterprises attempt to penetrate the Japanese market. Acronym: ETP Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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EURO-AIM - European Organization for an Audiovisual Independent Market, part of the MEDIA programme, offering support and advice for independent producers. Acronym: EURO-AIM Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Eurocurrencies - Funds available for use in the international short-term capital markets. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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European Bank for Reconstruction and Development - Established in 1991 to provide financial aid to Eastern European countries that adopted a democratic form of government and had drawn up a strategy for transforming themselves into market economies. Acronym: EBRD Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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European Business and Innovation Centre Network - An agency to assist smaller enterprises to benefit from competition policy and the internal market. Acronym: EBN Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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European Coal and Steel Community - Established in 1951 to develop a common market in coal and steel. The first European organization to possess the supranational principle, with substantial powers over national governments and enterprises. Acronym: ECSC Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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European Economic Community - Established in 1957 to create a common market, and after 1967 often used also to describe the combined EC operation. The Treaty on European Union changed its name to the European Community. Acronym: EEC Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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European Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances - Established in 1986 to record all chemical products available on the market. Acronym: EINECS Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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European Investment Bank - Established in 1957 to finance capital investment that will benefit and aid EC development. Although the Member States provide a subscription capital, it raises most of its funds on the international capital markets. Its major objectives are to assist less developed regions, to modernize the EC economy, and to support Acronym: EIB Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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European Venture Capital Association - Established in 1973 to promote the management and investment of venture capital and to develop a European capital market. Acronym: EVCA Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Exclusive Agreements - Purchasing, market-sharing or distribution agreements between countries which are prohibited by EC competition policy. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Foodstuffs - Regulated by legislation on manufacturing, labelling and marketing intended to improve consumer health and safety and strengthen consumer policy. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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HORIZON - A 1990 initiative to aid disabled and disadvantaged groups gain access to the labour market through vocational training in new technologies. Acronym: HORIZON Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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INTERMAPS - Interactive Multimedia Access Publishing Services, a Internal Market. A common market decided upon in 1985 and implemented by the end of 1992. Acronym: INTERMAPS Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Intervention Agency - The body within the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) which purchases produces when market prices fall below the agreed intervention price. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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KAROLUS - A 1992 action plan for an exchange of national officials engaged in the implementation of EC legislation on the construction of the internal market. Acronym: KAROLUS Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Liberalization - The process of establishing the internal market through the elimination of unnecessary obstacles and restraints to trade. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Loss of Market - An event in which a shipment or delivery is made for which the buyer no longer needs or can use the goods; or a late shipment refused by the buyer.

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MATIC - Multi-Strategy Authoring Toolkit for Intelligent Courseware, a MATTHAEUS. A 1991 exchange programme for customs officials working on the operation of the internal market. Acronym: MATIC Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Messina Conference - A 1955 meetings of the Six which decided to establish both a common market and an atomic energy community. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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MIRIAM - Model Scheme for Information on Rural Development Initiatives and Agree Markets, a 1990 initiative on information flows in rural areas. relating to the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). Acronym: MIRIAM Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Mutual Recognition - The principle in competition policy that where a product is legally manufactured and marketed in one Member State, it may be freely offered for sale in other Member States, irrespective of whether it complies with their own national legislation in that area. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Overseas Countries and Territories - Territories associated with Member States whose products were given special access to European Economic Community (EEC) markets by the Treaty of Rome. Since 1963 they have been absorbed into the broader arrangements of the Yaoundé and Lomé Conventions. Acronym: OCT, OCTs Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Padoa-Schioppa Report - A 1987 document evaluating the effect of the entry into the EC of Portugal and Spain, and of the commitment to the internal market upon the EC's economic system. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Pharmaceuticals - Subject to a series of directives on their testing, patenting, production, marketing and labelling. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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PRISMA - A 1990 initiative to aid enterprises to prepare for the internal market. Acronym: PRISMA Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Reference Price - The average price calculated from the market prices for food and vegetables in each Member State, used to determine whether a levy should be imposed upon agricultural imports into the EC. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Restitutions - Export subsidies or refunds paid to EC exporters to cover the difference between what they must pay to Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) producers and the lower prices at which they must sell on the world markets. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Single European Act - A 1987 amendment to the founding treaties dealing primarily with the internal market, European Political Cooperation (EPC), and institutional reform of the EC. Acronym: SEA Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Single Market - See Internal Market. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprise Task force - A Commission agency providing advice and assistance to smaller companies on EC competition policy and the internal market. Acronym: SME Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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System for Safeguarding and Developing Mineral Production - A programme of financial assistance to Lomé Convention countries to maintain mining production and installations during marked downturns on the world economic market which affect their export earnings. Acronym: SYSMIN Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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System of Stabilization of Export Earnings - A programme of financial assistance to Lomé Convention countries reliant upon one or a few basic commodities where their export earnings to the EC have been severely and adversely affected by world market conditions. Acronym: STABEX Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Total Quality Management (1) - Interfunctional approach to quality management, developed by Joseph Juran, involving marketing, engineering, manufacturing, purchasing, etc. Defects should be defined through examining customer expectations. The focus is on prevention, detection, and elimination of sources of defects. The Juran total quality management trilogy is quality control, quality planning, and quality projects. Acronym: TQM Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

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White Paper - A 1985 Commission document outlining the steps required to complete the internal market. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: White Paper - international | trade |
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Unless otherwise indicated, all entries in the LogisticsWorld Logistics Glossary are copyright 1997, Matthew D. Cox, logistics@logisticsworld.com.

 

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