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			AGRIS - 




An international information system for agricultural scienes and technology. 




 Acronym: AGRIS





 Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm





	
	
Related Terms: AGRIS - international | trade |

American National Standards Institute (1) - The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) is a privately funded, non-profit organization which coordinates the development of voluntary standards in the United States and is the agency that approves standards (as American National Standards). It coordinates and manages U.S. participation in the work of several non-governmental international standards organizations, including Acronym: ANSI Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994

Related Terms: American National Standards Institute (1) - industry | specification | standard | technology |

ASOR - An agrement governing the rules and practice of the international transport by road of passengers on charter and other non-scheduled bus services. Acronym: ASOR Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: ASOR - international | trade |

BRIDGE - Biotechnology Research for Innovation, Development and Growth in Europe, a 1990 programme to carry forward the Biotechnoogy Action Programme (BAP) objectives and to construct an international system of technology transfer for industry and agriculture. Acronym: BRIDGE Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: BRIDGE - international | trade |

Consultative Committee for International Telephone and Telegraphy - Consultative Committee for International Telephone and Telegraphy International committee that specifies international communication standards. Acronym: CCITT Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Consultative Committee for International Telephone and Telegraphy - communications | international | standard |

Container (1) - Standard-sized rectangular box used to transport freight by ship, rail and highway. International shipping containers are 20 or 40 feet long, conform to International Standards Organization (ISO) standards and are designed to fit in ships' holds. Containers are transported on public roads atop a container chassis towed by a tractor. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Container (1) - shipping container | trucking |

EDI For Administration, Commerce and Transport - United Nations rules for Electronic Data Interchange for Administration, Commerce and Transport. They comprise a set of internationally agreed upon standards, directories and guidelines for the electronic interchange of structured data related to trade in goods and services between independent computerized information systems. [ISO 9735]UN/EDIFACT Introduction to UN/EDIFACT with latest Acronym: EDIFACT Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: EDI For Administration, Commerce and Transport - commerce | data | electronic data interchange | electronic funds transfer | international | standard | transport | transportation |

Eurocurrencies - Funds available for use in the international short-term capital markets. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Eurocurrencies - international | trade |

EUROFRET - European system for International Road Freight Transport Operation, a DRIVE project. Acronym: EUROFRET Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: EUROFRET - international | trade |

European Investment Bank - Established in 1957 to finance capital investment that will benefit and aid EC development. Although the Member States provide a subscription capital, it raises most of its funds on the international capital markets. Its major objectives are to assist less developed regions, to modernize the EC economy, and to support Acronym: EIB Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: European Investment Bank - international | trade |

Harmonized System - An international classification system for import and export commodities.

Related Terms: Harmonized System - commodities | commodity | export | import |

Inland Bill of Lading - A bill of lading that applies to overland shipments to an international carrier. Acronym: IBL

Related Terms: Inland Bill of Lading - bill of lading | carrier | consign | consignment | domestic | inland | international | shipment | straight bill of lading |

International - Between or among countries.

Related Terms: International - global | interstate | intrastate | trade | world wide |

International Standards Organization - ISO is the international standards organizations that is similar in function to ANSI. They do not create standards but as with ANSI the provided a means of verifying that a proposed standard has met certain requirements for due process, consensus, and other criteria by those developing the standard. After this Acronym: ISO Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: International Standards Organization - american national standards institute | engineering | government | international | international standards organization | manufacturing | organization | protocol | quality | standard | technology |

International Standards Organization (1) - A voluntary, non-treaty organization established in 1949 to promote international standards. Acronym: ISO Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: International Standards Organization (1) - engineering | government | international | international standards organization | manufacturing | organization | protocol | quality | standard | technology |

International Standards Organization/Open System Interconnection - A standard, modular approach to network design that divides the required set of complex functions into manageable, self- contained, functional layers. Acronym: ISO/OSI Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: International Standards Organization/Open System Interconnection - design | international standards organization | network | open system | standard | system |

ISDN - Integrated Services Digital Network, a 1989 initiative to improve the international competitiveness of the telecommunications industries through the establishment of compatible and harmonized services. Acronym: ISDN Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: ISDN - international | trade |

ISO 9000 - ISO 9000 is a series of international standards that provides quality management guidance and identifies quality system elements that are necessary for quality assurance. In other words, the ISO 9000 series standards have two main roles: to provide guidance for suppliers of all types of products that wish to implement Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: ISO 9000 - engineering | international | international standards organization | management | manufacturing | quality | standard | system |

Joint Photographic Experts Group - A widely accepted, international standard for compression of color images. Acronym: JPEG Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with the permission of: Gartner Group, Inc Information Technology Glossary Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Joint Photographic Experts Group - graphics standard | international | standard |

National Institute of Standards and Technology - Created in 1901 as the National Bureau of Standards and renamed in 1988, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) works to strengthen U.S. industry's international competitiveness, advance science, and improve public health, safety and the environment. NIST conducts science and engineering research in commercially important fields such as Acronym: NIST Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Sharon J Kemmerer Department of Commerce, United States Government "CALS Testing Programs, Status and Strategy" October 1992

Related Terms: National Institute of Standards and Technology - business | government | industry | international | standard | technology | trade |

Open System - A system capable of communicating with other open systems by virtue of implementing common international standard protocols. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from Joan Smith, "An Introduction to CALS: The Strategy and the Standards", 1990

Related Terms: Open System - computer | hardware | interface | international | international standards organization | international standards organization/open system | open system interconnection | protocol | software | standard | system |

Open Systems Interconnection - A standard approach to network design developed by the International Standards Organization that introduces modularity by dividing the complex set of functions into more manageable, self- contained, functional slices. Acronym: OSI Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with the permission of: Gartner Group, Inc Information Technology Glossary Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Open Systems Interconnection - design | hardware | international standards organization | network | open system | protocol | software | standard |

PREMO - A proposed international standard that specifies techniques for creating audiovisual interactive applications that recognize and emphasize the interrelationships among user interfaces, multimedia applications, and multimedia information interchange. PREMO includes interfaces for external storage, retrieval, and interchange of multimedia objects. The objective of PREMO is to consider the needs of the Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: National Security Industrial Association "CALS Expo '93, Proceedings and Reference"

Related Terms: PREMO - graphics standard | interface | international | multimedia | standard |

Product Data Exchange Standard/Standard for the Exchange of Product Model Data - A set of standards under development for communicating a complete product model with sufficient information content that advanced CAD/CAM applications can interpret. PDES is under development as a national (U.S.) standard and STEP is under development as its international counterpart. Acronym: PDES/STEP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994

Related Terms: Product Data Exchange Standard/Standard for the Exchange of Product Model Data - communications | computer-aided design | computer-aided manufacturing | data | exchange | file | interchange | product | standard |

Propriety Standard - A standard which has been endorsed by industry or government as the accepted international standard, but not officially approved by an accredited standards body such as ISO. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994

Related Terms: Propriety Standard - commerce | government | industry | international | international standards organization | standard | trade |

Quota Restrictions - Restraints upon trade which limit the volume of exports into a country, abolished within the EC by 1968, and removed in many of the international agreements to which the EC is party. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Quota Restrictions - international | trade |

Shipping Container - Standard-sized rectangular box used to transport freight by ship, rail and highway. International shipping containers are 20 or 40 feet long, conform to International Standards Organization (ISO) standards and are designed to fit in ships' holds. Containers are transported on public roads atop a container chassis towed by a tractor. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Shipping Container - container | trucking |

Standard International Trade Classification - The United Nations numerical coding system for classifying commodities for international trade. Acronym: STIC

Related Terms: Standard International Trade Classification - commodity | international | trade |

Standards Testing - Determines whether the national, international, or military standards (and specifications) are viable and implementable. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Sharon J Kemmerer Department of Commerce, United States Government "CALS Testing Programs, Status and Strategy" October 1992

Related Terms: Standards Testing - acquisition | design | engineering | international | international standards organization | planning | procurement | standard |

Through Bill of Lading - A bill of lading that applies to domestic and international shipments. Acronym: TBL

Related Terms: Through Bill of Lading - bill of lading | carrier | consign | consignment | domestic | international | shipment | straight bill of lading |


Unless otherwise indicated, all entries in the LogisticsWorld Logistics Glossary are copyright 1997, Matthew D. Cox, logistics@logisticsworld.com.

 

WWW Virtual Library of Logistics
Ver 4, Sep, 1999, Matthew D. Cox, logistics@logisticsworld.com
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