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			AIM - 




Advanced Informatics in Medicine, a 1988 research programme on the development and application of information technology and telecommunications to medicine and health care for both medical practitioners and manufacturers of medical products and equipment. 




 Acronym: AIM





 Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm





	
	
Related Terms: AIM - international | trade |

ARCADE - Ampere Remote Control Access Data Entry, a BRITE-EURAM on the development of a data communications service in industrial and materials technology. Acronym: ARCADE Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: ARCADE - international | trade |

ARCOME - A database of organizations, researchers and publications in communications technology. Acronym: ARCOME Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: ARCOME - international | trade |

CB Radio - Two-way radio for which no license is required by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). Long beyond its heyday in the '70s, CB is still used by truckers and motorists for everything from traffic condition reports to emergency calls to idle chatter. Acronym: CB Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: CB Radio - citizen's band radio | trucking |

Citizen's Band Radio - Two-way radio for which no license is required by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). Long beyond its heyday in the '70s, CB is still used by truckers and motorists for everything from traffic condition reports to emergency calls to idle chatter. Acronym: CB Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Citizen's Band Radio - cb radio | trucking |

COM Programme - A FAST project on a strategic industrial system of communication. Acronym: COM Programme Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: COM Programme - international | trade |

Communication - Logical designation of serial communication channels. Acronym: COM port Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Communication - communications | communication protocol | computer | hardware | telecommunications |

Communication Protocol - The rules governing the exchange of information between devices on a data link. Acronym: CP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994

Related Terms: Communication Protocol - communication | communications | computer | data | hardware | telecommunications |

Consultative Committee for International Telephone and Telegraphy - Consultative Committee for International Telephone and Telegraphy International committee that specifies international communication standards. Acronym: CCITT Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Consultative Committee for International Telephone and Telegraphy - communications | international | standard |

Cooperation in Automation of Data and Documentation for Imports/Exports and Agriculture - An electronic information structure for the collection, storage, transmission and exchange of information, using new developments in information technology and telecommunications. Acronym: CADDIA Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Cooperation in Automation of Data and Documentation for Imports/Exports and Agriculture - international | trade |

DAB - Digital Audio Broadcasting System, an DACAR. Data Acquisition and Communication Techniques and their Assessment for Road Transport, a DRIVE project. Acronym: DAB Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: DAB - international | trade |

Data Item Description - A DID identifies specific data requirements, which may include the format of a report used to display the data. Most current DID's were prepared with only the hard copy (paper, aperture card, etc.) document environment in mind. In a CALS environment, two aspects of data acquisition must be examined to Acronym: DID Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-B", 1993

Related Terms: Data Item Description - acquisition | contracting | data | procurement | software | specification |

DIME - Development of Integrated Monetary Electronics, an initiative on the application of information technology and telecommunications to monetary electronics for both manufacturers and users. Acronym: DIME Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: DIME - international | trade |

Electronic Mail (1) - Any communications service that permits the electronic transmission and storage of messages and attached/enclosed files. Acronym: E-Mail Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Electronic Mail (1) - communications | computer | internet | software | telecommunications | world wide web |

ETSI - European Telecommunications Standards Institute, established in 1987 to harmonize technological specifications and standards. Acronym: ETSI Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: ETSI - international | trade |

File Transfer, Access and Management - The Open Systems Interconnection standard for file transfer (i.e., the communication of an entire file between systems), file access (i.e., the ability to remotely access one or more records in a file) and management (e.g., the ability to create/delete, name/rename a file). Acronym: FTAM Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: File Transfer, Access and Management - communications | file | file transfer protocol | internet | management | network |

Flexible Computer Integrated Manufacturing - FCIM is the integration of equipment, software, communication, human resources, and business practices within an enterprise to rapidly manufacture, repair, and deliver items on demand with continuous improvements in the processes. The FCIM initiative is a Joint Service and Agency effort to establish and implement the procedures and processes needed Acronym: FCIM Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: National Security Industrial Association "CALS Expo '93, Proceedings and Reference"_

Related Terms: Flexible Computer Integrated Manufacturing - business | computer | computer-aided manufacturing | computer-integrated manufacturing | integration | management | policy | quality | software |

Government Open Systems Interconnection Profile - The U.S. government's OSI protocols that address communication and inter-operation of computer systems across government agencies; they mandate that network procurements comply with the Open System Interconnection model. [ed. The Canadian Government also endorses GOSIP] .e. TBITS.] Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993. Acronym: GOSIP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Government Open Systems Interconnection Profile - communications | computer | government | information management | network | procurement |

Information Superhighway - The Information Superhighway is a network that will potentially connect every government agency, business, and citizen providing a means of rapid access to information (in digital form) and electronic communication to every business and citizen in the country. This vision is an unprecedented nationwide (and ultimately worldwide) electronic communications network Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Information Superhighway - commerce | communications | electronic commerce | information management | internet | marketing | telecommunications | trade | world wide web |

Intelligent Transportation Systems - Blanket term for a wide array of technologies, including electronic sensors, computer hardware and software and radio communications. The purpose of IVHS is to increase efficiency of use of existing highways, reducing travel time, fuel consumption, air pollution and accidents. There are five functional areas: Advanced Public Transportation Systems (APTS). Acronym: ITS Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Intelligent Transportation Systems - automatic vehicle identification | automated vehicle location | intelligent vehicle highway systems | trucking | weight-in-motion |

Intelligent Vehicle Highway Systems - Blanket term for a wide array of technologies, including electronic sensors, computer hardware and software and radio communications. The purpose of IVHS is to increase efficiency of use of existing highways, reducing travel time, fuel consumption, air pollution and accidents. There are five functional areas: Advanced Public Transportation Systems (APTS). Acronym: IVHS Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Intelligent Vehicle Highway Systems - automatic vehicle identification | automated vehicle location | intelligent transportation systems | trucking | weight-in-motion |

Interactive Access - The ability to access authorized portions of the source data maintained in contractor or Government systems via on-line telecommunications data transfers in real or near-real time using various types of queries. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-B, 1993

Related Terms: Interactive Access - data | data base | query language | security | telecommunications |

ISDN - Integrated Services Digital Network, a 1989 initiative to improve the international competitiveness of the telecommunications industries through the establishment of compatible and harmonized services. Acronym: ISDN Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: ISDN - international | trade |

Manufacturing Automation Protocol - A largely moribund communication standard proposed by General Motors in 1986 that ideally would have enabled system devices within a manufacturing company to communicate among themselves. Acronym: MAP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Manufacturing Automation Protocol - computer-aided manufacturing | continuous acquisition and life-cycle support | department of defense | manufacturing | manufacturing technology | production | protocol | standard | technology |

MARIN - Marine Industry Application of Broadband Communications, a RACE project. Acronym: MARIN Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: MARIN - international | trade |

National Information Infrastructure - A concept conceived by the Clinton Administration and an alliance of computer, software, cable, and phone companies. The proposed concept would be the electronic network of tomorrow and would use phone line, cable systems, and high-speed data-networks to link everyone, including government agencies, universities, company presidents, and private citizens. The Acronym: NII Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: National Information Infrastructure - computer | education | hardware | marketing | network | software | telecommunications |

National Research and Education Network - The High-Performance Computing and Communications Act of 1991 (sponsored by Vice-President Gore) was a bill that created the NREN. NREN will use the Internet to provide information resource connection not only to universities, research centers and government agencies, but also to secondary and elementary schools. The bill provides $2.9 billion Acronym: NREN Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: National Research and Education Network - education | government | internet | network | research | world wide web |

Node (1) - A Node is a termination point for two or more communication links. The Node serves as the control location for forwarding data among the elements of a network or multiple networks, as well as perform other networking, and in some cases, local processing functions. In systems network architecture, a node Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Node (1) - communications | computer | data | hardware | internet | network | software |

Protocol (1) - A set of procedures for establishing and controlling data transmission. Examples include IBM's BSC (Binary Synchronous Communications) and SDLC (Synchronous Data Link Control) protocols. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994

Related Terms: Protocol (1) - exchange | file transfer protocol | interchange | interface | internet protocol | network news transport protocol | point-to-point protocol | serial line internet protocol | simple mail transfer protocol | transmission control protocol/internet protocol |

Protocol (2) - A set of rules (priorities) and exception handlers for managing the communications on a network. A set of rules or standards that describes ways to operate to achieve compatibility. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Protocol (2) - exchange | file transfer protocol | interchange | interface | internet protocol | network news transport protocol | point-to-point protocol | serial line internet protocol | simple mail transfer protocol | transmission control protocol/internet protocol |

RACE - See Research and Development in Advanced Communications Technologies in Europe. Acronym: RACE Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: RACE - international | trade | Research and Development in Advanced Communications Technologies in Europe |

Research and Development in Advanced Communications Technologies in Europe - A major programme, begun in 1987, on the development and diversification of the EC's research and technology base in telecommunications. Acronym: RACE Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Research and Development in Advanced Communications Technologies in Europe - international | trade |

Special Telecommunication Action for Regional Development - A 1986 initiative to aid the economic and industrial development of poorer regions by enabling to participate in telecommunications technologies and services. Acronym: STAR Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Special Telecommunication Action for Regional Development - international | trade |

SPECS - Specification Environment for Communications Software, a RACE project. Acronym: SPECS Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: SPECS - international | trade |

Telecommunications (1) - The subject of several initiatives in both media policy and information technology. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Telecommunications (1) - international | trade |

Trans-European Networks - A concept introduced by the Treaty on European Union, committing the EC to networks in energy, telecommunications and transport, to improve cohesion. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Trans-European Networks - international | trade |

Transport (1) - A network or telecommunications transmission protocol; a set of rules for the transfer of analog or digital data.

Related Terms: Transport (1) - exchange | interface | interchange | network | telecommunications | protocol |

Value-Added Network - A system where a network leases communication lines from a communications common carrier, enhances them by adding improvements such as error detection and/or faster response time, and then allows others to use this service on those lines for a fee. Acronym: VAN Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Source: RT Crowley "EDI Charting a Course to the Future" 1993

Related Terms: Value-Added Network - communications | information management | internet | network | quality | telecommunications | world wide web |

X.25 - A data communication protocol that ensures data integrity while data is being transmitted to, from and within the network. This standard defines the interconnection of packet-switching networks and their associated computers or terminals. These types of networks make efficient use of the telecommunications networks by taking the data generated by Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: X.25 - computer | data | exchange | interface | network | protocol | standard | telecommunications | X.400 | X.500 |


Unless otherwise indicated, all entries in the LogisticsWorld Logistics Glossary are copyright 1997, Matthew D. Cox, logistics@logisticsworld.com.

 

WWW Virtual Library of Logistics
Ver 4, Sep, 1999, Matthew D. Cox, logistics@logisticsworld.com
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