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			ABEX - 




An ACCESS. Advanced Customers Connections, an Evolutionary Systems Strategy, a RACE project. 




 Acronym: ABEX





 Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm





	
	
Related Terms: ABEX - international | trade |

Acceptance Testing - The testing performed by a user to determine that an automated system (equipment or software) for a specific task or environment, e.g., a translator for a specific application and interchange format, performs according to specification. Acronym: AT Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994

Related Terms: Acceptance Testing - acquisition | hardware | manufacturing | software | specification | technology |

Acquisition Logistics - Acquisition Logistics is everything involved in acquiring logistics support equipment and personnel for a new weapons system. The formal definition is "the process of systematically identifying, defining, designing, developing, producing, acquiring, delivering, installing, and upgrading logistics support capability requirements through the acquisition process for Air Force systems, subsystems, and equipment. Reference: Air Force Institute of Technology, Graduate School of Acquisition and Logistics

Related Terms: Acquisition Logistics - acquisition | integrated logistics support | logistics | military |

Acquisition Manager - The system/equipment program manager, the program manager's staff, and other DoD officials responsible for determining contract requirements for the generation, acquisition, and use of defense system/equipment data, and having acquisition authority for defense systems and equipment. Acronym: AM Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-B" 1993

Related Terms: Acquisition Manager - acquisition | contracting | department of defense | program |

AGRIS - An international information system for agricultural scienes and technology. Acronym: AGRIS Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: AGRIS - international | trade |

Air Ride Suspension - Suspension which supports the load on air-filled rubber bags rather than steel springs. Compressed air is supplied by the same engine-driven air compressor and reservoir tanks which provide air to the air brake system. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Air Ride Suspension - trailer | truck | trucking |

ALAMOS - Automatic Lider for Air Monitoring Operating Systems, an Albert-Ball Report. Prepared for the European Parliament (EP) in 1983, it criticized the investment and consumption policies of the Member States, identified national obstacles to the development of EC-wide trade, and commented adversely on the fragmentation and duplication of national research and Acronym: ALAMOS Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: ALAMOS - international | trade |

AMIS - Agricultural Markets Intelligence System, a computer system and database within CADDIA on the management and market data of the European Agricultural Guidance and Guarantee Fund (EAGGF). Acronym: AMIS Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: AMIS - international | trade |

Antilock Braking System - Computer, sensors and solenoid valves which together monitor wheel speed and modulate braking force if wheel lockup is sensed during braking. Helps the driver retain control of the vehicle during heavy braking on slippery roads. Acronym: ABS Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Antilock Braking System - truck | trucking | vehicle |

Application Profile - A number of application protocols required for a specified task or industry sector. [Associated with STEP] Trade and Industry, United Kingdom. "Open Systems in Manufacturing". Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Application Profile - application | application protocol | industry | standard for the exchange of product model data | trade |

Archie - A system for locating files that are stored on FTP file servers. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Archie - computer | file transfer protocol | internet | server | world wide web |

ASSIST - Assessment of Information Systems and Technologies in Medicine, an AIM project. Acronym: ASSIST Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: ASSIST - international | trade |

ATMOSPHERE - Atmospheric Monitoring System for Protection of Health and Environment from Risky Emissions, an Atmospheric Pollution. An element of environment policy since the mid-1980s, with several directives on car emissions and industrial pollution. Future proposals include the introduction of a carbon tax. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: ATMOSPHERE - international | trade |

Automatic Vehicle Identification - System combining an on-board transponder with roadside receivers to automate identification of vehicles. Uses include electronic toll collection and stolen vehicle detection. Acronym: AVI Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Automatic Vehicle Identification - intelligent transportation systems | intelligent vehicle highway systems | trucking |

Balladur Memorandum - A 1988 French statement on the reforms to the European Monetary system (EMS) necessary for an effective internal market. The core ideas were the maintaining of identical margins of permissible currency fluctuations and the participation of all Member States in the Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM). Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Balladur Memorandum - international | trade |

Basket of Currencies - Those currencies which together determine the value of the European Currency Unit (ECU). Each currency in the basket is weighted according to its country's gross national product (GNP), trade, and short-term credit quotas. Part of the European Monetary System (EMS), full participation in the basket was regarded as an important Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Basket of Currencies - international | trade |

Black Box - Any removable and replaceable unit in a system, usually an electronic device; or the data recorder in an aircraft.

Related Terms: Black Box - aircraft | component | parts | spare | spares |

BRIDGE - Biotechnology Research for Innovation, Development and Growth in Europe, a 1990 programme to carry forward the Biotechnoogy Action Programme (BAP) objectives and to construct an international system of technology transfer for industry and agriculture. Acronym: BRIDGE Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: BRIDGE - international | trade |

Budget (1) - Originally financed by contributions from the Member States, but after 1975 by a system of EC own resources, but these were not formally recognized until the Treaty on European Union. Budget revenue comes from several sources: levies on food imports into the EC; customs duties on non-agricultural imports; a proportion Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Budget (1) - international | trade |

Business Process Re-engineering - The fundamental analysis and radical redesign of everything: business processes and management systems, job definitions, organizational structures and beliefs and behaviors to achieve dramatic performance improvements to meet contemporary requirements. Information technology (IT) is a key enabler in this process. Acronym: BPR Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Business Process Re-engineering - business | management | manufacturing | operations management | quality |

CARGOES - A DRIVE project on the Integration of Dynamic Route Guidance and Traffic Central Systems. Acronym: CARGOES Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: CARGOES - international | trade |

CASSIOPE - Computer Aided System for Scheduling, Information and Operation of Public Transport in Europe, a DRIVE project on urban public transport systems. Acronym: CASSIOPE Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: CASSIOPE - international | trade |

CELAD - Coordination Group on Drugs, established as part of the TREVI system in 1989 to promote cooperation on drug-related problems, especially drug trafficking. Acronym: CELAD Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: CELAD - international | trade |

CERACS - Comparative Evaluation of the Different Radiating Cables and Systems Technologies, a DRIVE project. Acronym: CERACS Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: CERACS - international | trade |

CHRISTINE - Characteristics and Requirements of Information Systems based on Traffic Data in an Integrated Network Environment, a DRIVE project. Acronym: CHRISTINE Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: CHRISTINE - international | trade |

COM Programme - A FAST project on a strategic industrial system of communication. Acronym: COM Programme Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: COM Programme - international | trade |

Combined Nomenclature - An integrated goods nomenclature set up in 1988 and replacing two earlier systems: the Common External Tariff (CET) nomenclature, and NIMEXE. Acronym: CN Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Combined Nomenclature - international | trade |

Common Agricultural Policy - Originally created with three main components: a single market for agricultural products, with common prices; a common external tariff (CET) on agricultural imports; and common financial responsibility. Its core is the guaranteed price system and the intervention (where food surpluses occur) system, administered by the European Agricultural Guidance and Guarantee Acronym: CAP Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Common Agricultural Policy - international | trade |

Common Carrier Legislation - Requires energy transmission systems to carry energy between any third party supplier and the consumer at a reasonable tariff. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Common Carrier Legislation - international | trade |

Common Fisheries Policy - Established in 1983 for a twenty-year period, and focusing on access to and the preservation of fish stocks. While all EC waters were to be open to all EC fishermen (except for a limited coastal range), fishing was governed by the Total Allowable Catch (TAC), a quota system for each Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Common Fisheries Policy - international | trade |

COMPEX - A system of compensation for Less Developed Countries (LDCs) when their earnings from agricultural exports to the EC fall below specified levels. Acronym: COMPEX Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: COMPEX - international | trade |

Component - A part of a system or mechanism.

Related Terms: Component - black box | parts | spare | spares | supplies | system |

Computer Resources Support - The facilities, hardware, system software, software development and support tools, documentation, and people needed to operate and support an embedded computer system. Reference: Air Force Institute of Technology, Graduate School of Acquisition and Logistics

Related Terms: Computer Resources Support - acquisition | integrated logistics support | logistics | military |

Computer-Aided Engineering - The application of information technology to elements of the design and engineering process. It includes all types of performance systems, e.g., heat transfer, structural, electromagnetic, aeronautics, and acoustic analysis. Acronym: CAE Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994

Related Terms: Computer-Aided Engineering - computer | design | manufacturing | technology |

Computer-Integrated Manufacturing (1) - The application of information technology to the management of complete systems or subsystems within a manufacturing environment, characterized by the integration of many separate applications such as CAD, CAM, CAE, and robotics together with commercial applications such as stock control, spares ordering, and process planning. Acronym: CIM Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from Joan Smith, "An Introduction to CALS: The Strategy and the Standards", 1990

Related Terms: Computer-Integrated Manufacturing (1) - computer | computer-aided design | integration | management | manufacturing | technology |

Concurrent Engineering - A systematic approach to creating a product design that considers all elements of the product life cycle from conception of the design to disposal of the product, and in so doing defines the product, its manufacturing processes, and all other required life cycle processes such as logistic support. Acronym: CE Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from Joan Smith Adapted from "An Introduction to CALS: The Strategy and the Standards", 1990

Related Terms: Concurrent Engineering - acquisition | design | engineering | life cycle | manufacturing | product | process |

Conservation - The process through which systems, equipment and resources are maintained, improved, or replaced: conservation encompasses storage, maintenance, salvage, protection, reclamation, and preparation or modification for reuse.

Related Terms: Conservation - maintenance | repair | preventive maintenance |

Constraint - Anything that prevents a system from performing it's intended function.

Related Terms: Constraint - system | theory of constraints |

Contractor Integrated Technical Information Service - A technical information service based on the integration of databases (contractor , subcontractor, and government ) contractually established and managed by the defense contractor to receive, maintain, and provide access to technical and support information on a defense system. [MIL-STD-974]ith permission from Joan Smith. Adapted from "An Introduction to CALS: Acronym: CITIS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Contractor Integrated Technical Information Service - acquisition | contracting | data | data base | defense | information management | integration | military |

Control - To regulate; a consistent process state that is within specified operating parameters; or a manual or automatic component device used to regulate a system function.

Related Terms: Control - component | control chart | control limit | controller | function | management | managing | organizing | planning | quality | quality control | system |

Cradle-to-Grave - Logistics planning, design, and support which takes in to account logistics support throughout the entire system life cycle.

Related Terms: Cradle-to-Grave - life cycle | logistics | lust-to-dust |

Customs Handling of Import and Export Freight - A computerized system for handling the tranport of freight into and across the EC, in operation in 1991. Acronym: CHIEF Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Customs Handling of Import and Export Freight - international | trade |

DAB - Digital Audio Broadcasting System, an DACAR. Data Acquisition and Communication Techniques and their Assessment for Road Transport, a DRIVE project. Acronym: DAB Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: DAB - international | trade |

Data Base Management - The management of the contents and organizing system of data bases. Acronym: DBM

Related Terms: Data Base Management - data | data base | data base management system | information | management |

Data Base Management System - The system used to organize and manipulate a collection of information. Acronym: DBMS

Related Terms: Data Base Management System - data | data base | data base management | information | management | organization | organizing | system |

Data Dictionary - A repository of information about data, such as its meaning, relationships to other data, origin, usage and format. The dictionary assists company management, database administrators, systems analysts and application programmers in effectively planning, controlling and evaluating the collection, storage and use of data. A data dictionary manages data categories such Acronym: DD Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993}

Related Terms: Data Dictionary - data | data base | information management | management | software | system |

Data Management Standards - Data management standards will provide common definitions of the data elements, their attributes, relationships, data integrity constraints, and database access rules. This includes standards for system and data protection and security. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Office of the Secretary of Defense, United States Government "CALS Booklet"

Related Terms: Data Management Standards - data | data base | data base management system | information management | standard |

Data Modeling - A structured method for representing and describing the data used in a business function automated system. Data modeling is used in combination with two other structured methods, data flow analysis and functional decomposition, to define the high-level structure of business and information systems. Its primary function is to define the Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993

Related Terms: Data Modeling - data | data model | design | information management | modeling | software |

Database Management System (1) - Software designed to manipulate the information in a database. It can create, sort, display selected information, search for specific information, and perform many other tasks of a database. This kind of software allows speed of access and the ability to automatically produce reports. Acronym: DBMS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Database Management System (1) - data | data base | data base management system | database | data model | management |

Daytime Running Lights - System that automatically turns on a vehicle's low beam headlights when the parking brake is released and the ignition is on. Acronym: DRL Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Daytime Running Lights - truck | trucking |

Deficiency Payments - Funds provided to producers within the price guarantee system of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) to give them a fair price for their produce and labour when their costs are higher than the market prices for their produce. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Deficiency Payments - international | trade |

Dependence Threshold - The level above which the export earnings from exports to the EC of a signatory of the Lomé Convention must be for it to be eligible, given specified adverse economic conditions, for compensation through theSystem of Stabilization of Export Earnings (STABEX). Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Dependence Threshold - international | trade |

Descriptive Markup - Markup that describes the structure and other attributes of a document in a non-system-specific manner, independently of any processing that may be performed on it. In particular, it uses tags to express the element structure. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Standard 1840-B" 3 November 1992

Related Terms: Descriptive Markup - computer | markup | program | software | standard |

Design Interface - This ILS element relates all design engineering disciplines to the system support characteristics. Reference: Air Force Institute of Technology, Graduate School of Acquisition and Logistics

Related Terms: Design Interface - acquisition | integrated logistics support | logistics | military |

Destination System - The computer hardware, software, and network receiving transferred data. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-B", 1993

Related Terms: Destination System - computer | data | hardware | network | software | system |

DIANE - Development of an Automat Integrated System of Neutronography, an DIDAMES. Distributed Industrial Design and Manufacturing of Electronic Subassemblies, a RACE project. Acronym: DIANE Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: DIANE - international | trade |

Digital Technical Data - Includes the part descriptions, product specifications, and standards that the initial designer draws upon; the engineering drawings and product data used in design and manufacturing; the information needed to guide the people who operate the system in the field, or who support and maintain it at all echelons of the Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-B", 1993

Related Terms: Digital Technical Data - acquisition | continuous acquisition and life-cycle support | data | design | specification | standard | technical data |

Distributed Database - A database whose objects (tables, views, columns and files) reside on more than one system in a network, and can be accessed or updated from any system in the network. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Distributed Database - data | data base | distributed systems | network | software | system |

Distributed Systems - Refers to computer systems in multiple locations throughout an organization working in a cooperative fashion, with the system at each location serving the needs of that location but also able to receive information from other systems, and supply information to other systems within the network. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Distributed Systems - data | data base | distributed database | network | software | system |

Domain Name System - A scheme for translating numeric Internet addresses into strings of word segments denoting user names and locations. Acronym: DNS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Domain Name System - communications | internet | internet address | network | uniform resource locator |

DOSES - Development of Statistical Expert Systems, a 1989 initiative to develop advanced information technologies in the field of statistics. Acronym: DOSES Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: DOSES - international | trade |

EDI For Administration, Commerce and Transport - United Nations rules for Electronic Data Interchange for Administration, Commerce and Transport. They comprise a set of internationally agreed upon standards, directories and guidelines for the electronic interchange of structured data related to trade in goods and services between independent computerized information systems. [ISO 9735]UN/EDIFACT Introduction to UN/EDIFACT with latest Acronym: EDIFACT Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: EDI For Administration, Commerce and Transport - commerce | data | electronic data interchange | electronic funds transfer | international | standard | transport | transportation |

EIMS - European Innovation Monitoring System, a SPRINT project in innovation and technology transfer. Acronym: EIMS Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: EIMS - international | trade |

Energy Sciences Network - This is a Department of Energy (DOE) system that provides the full text of select DOE documents. Many of these documents are related to computers and information policy. It also contains gateways to a variety of energy-related sources and downloadable public domain software. Acronym: ESnet Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Energy Sciences Network - energy | government | network | policy |

Engine - A system or mechanism that converts one or more forms of energy into another; a motor; or a railroad locomotive.  Engine

Related Terms: Engine - rail | railroad | system | tractor | train |

Engineering Data - Any technical data (whether prepared by the Government, contractor, or vendor) relating to the specification, design, analysis, manufacture, acquisition, test, inspection or maintenance of items or services. Engineering data is comprised of all information that contains authoritative engineering definition or guidance on material, constituent items, equipment or systems practices, engineering Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-B", 1993

Related Terms: Engineering Data - contractor | data | design | engineering | manufacturing | production | support | technical data | vendor |

EROS 2000 - European River Ocean System, a MAST project. Acronym: EROS 2000 Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: EROS 2000 - international | trade |

ES2 - An ESA. European System of Integrated Economic Accounts, set up to aid the development of an information system in connection with the internal market. Acronym: ES2 Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: ES2 - international | trade |

ESSENTIAL - European Systems Strategy for the Evolution of New Technology in Advanced Learning, a ESSI. European Software and Systems Initiative, a 1990 project on quality and productivity in software systems. Acronym: ESSENTIAL Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: ESSENTIAL - international | trade |

EUROFRET - European system for International Road Freight Transport Operation, a DRIVE project. Acronym: EUROFRET Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: EUROFRET - international | trade |

EUROTRAC - An EUROTRAP. European Transport Planning System, a DRIVE project. Acronym: EUROTRAC Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: EUROTRAC - international | trade |

Expert System - A software system with two basic components: a knowledge base and an inference engine. The system mimics an expert's reasoning process. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Expert System - computer | engine | software | system |

Facilities - Any real property entity consisting of a structure, building, utility system, or pavement and underlying ground, necessary to support a system. Reference: Air Force Institute of Technology, Graduate School of Acquisition and Logistics

Related Terms: Facilities - acquisition | integrated logistics support | logistics | military |

File Transfer, Access and Management - The Open Systems Interconnection standard for file transfer (i.e., the communication of an entire file between systems), file access (i.e., the ability to remotely access one or more records in a file) and management (e.g., the ability to create/delete, name/rename a file). Acronym: FTAM Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: File Transfer, Access and Management - communications | file | file transfer protocol | internet | management | network |

Firewall - A computer system that sits between the Internet and a company's LAN. It is a means of automatically limiting what a company's computer system will pass along to outside computer systems. It acts as an active gateway to keep non-company entities from accessing company confidential data. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Firewall - computer | hardware | local area network | network | security | software |

Fully Mission Capable - A system in which all supporting subsystems are fully functional. Acronym: FMC

Related Terms: Fully Mission Capable - mission | not mission capable | partially mission capable |

Generalized System of Preferences - Preferential treatment by the EC to some exports from countries not otherwise associated with them in a formal trading agreement. Acronym: GSP Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Generalized System of Preferences - international | trade |

Gopher (1) - A search tool that presents information in a hierarchical menu system somewhat like a table of contents. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Gopher (1) - archie | data | file | file transfer protocol | information management | internet | software | veronica | wais |

Government Open Systems Interconnection Profile - The U.S. government's OSI protocols that address communication and inter-operation of computer systems across government agencies; they mandate that network procurements comply with the Open System Interconnection model. [ed. The Canadian Government also endorses GOSIP] .e. TBITS.] Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993. Acronym: GOSIP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Government Open Systems Interconnection Profile - communications | computer | government | information management | network | procurement |

Government Technical Information Systems - The collection of automated data processing systems and applications used by government agencies and offices to enter, update, manage, retrieve, and distribute technical data from a specific Integrated Weapon System Data Base. Acronym: GTIS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-B", 1993

Related Terms: Government Technical Information Systems - data | data base | data processing | government | system |

Gross Laboratory Horsepower - Tested horsepower of a "bare" engine without fan, water pump, alternator, exhaust system or any other accessories. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Gross Laboratory Horsepower - horsepower | sae net horsepower | trucking |

Harmonized System - An international classification system for import and export commodities.

Related Terms: Harmonized System - commodities | commodity | export | import |

IES-DC - Information Exchange system - Data Collections, a directory and reference service on information technology. Acronym: IES-DC Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: IES-DC - international | trade |

Information Engineering - A methodology for developing an integrated information system based on the sharing of common data, with emphasis on decision-support needs as well as transaction processing requirements. It assumes logical data representations are relatively stable, as opposed to the frequently changing processes that use the data. Therefore, the logical data model, Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Information Engineering - data | information infrastructure | information management | management | system |

Information Infrastructure - A structured collection of information system components and organization processes that enable the flow of necessary information to effect enterprise integration. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Source: IDA (Institute for Defense Analysis)

Related Terms: Information Infrastructure - business | component | data | design | enterprise | information engineering | information management | information superhighway | management | system |

Information Resources Dictionary System - IRDS is a standard, not a system. It specifies services performed by a data administrator in cataloguing, documenting, managing, and using data dictionaries. It is based on the entity- relationship model, and allows attributes on relationships. Acronym: IRDS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Education Working Group, US CALS/CE Industry Steering Group Adapted from "Electronic Blue Book" 1993

Related Terms: Information Resources Dictionary System - data base | data dictionary | data standards | database management system | information management | standard | system |

INFOSAFE - Information System fo Roaduser Safety and Traffic Performance, a DRIVE project. Acronym: INFOSAFE Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: INFOSAFE - international | trade |

Initial Graphics Exchange Standard - A neutral file format for the representation and transfer of product definition data among CAD/CAM systems and application programs. Acronym: IGES Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Initial Graphics Exchange Standard - computer-aided design | computer-aided manufacturing | graphics standard | standard | system |

Integrated Logistics Support (1) - ILS is a management function that provides planning, funding, and functioning controls which help to assure that the system meets performance requirements, is developed at a reasonable price, and can be supported throughout its life cycle. The major goal of ILS is to ensure that all elements of support are Acronym: ILS Reference: Air Force Institute of Technology, Graduate School of Acquisition and Logistics

Related Terms: Integrated Logistics Support (1) - acquisition | integrated logistics support | logistics | military |

Integrated Logistics Support (2) - Encompasses the unified management of the technical logistics elements that plan and develop the support requirements for a system. This can include hardware, software, and the provisioning of training and maintenance resources. Acronym: ILS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: HUM - The Government Computer Magazine "Integrated Logistics" December 1993, Walter Cooke

Related Terms: Integrated Logistics Support (2) - acquisition | continuous acquisition and life-cycle support | hardware | integration | logistics | management | maintenance | provisioning | software | support | system |

Integrated Weapon Systems Database - A physically distributed, logically linked data structure for the total collection of shared product definition and support data for one or more defense systems. Acronym: IWSDB Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government, MIL-HDBK-59B, 1993

Related Terms: Integrated Weapon Systems Database - acquisition | contracting | data base | defense | integrated weapon system management | integration | logistics | military | procurement | support |

Intelligent Transportation Systems - Blanket term for a wide array of technologies, including electronic sensors, computer hardware and software and radio communications. The purpose of IVHS is to increase efficiency of use of existing highways, reducing travel time, fuel consumption, air pollution and accidents. There are five functional areas: Advanced Public Transportation Systems (APTS). Acronym: ITS Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Intelligent Transportation Systems - automatic vehicle identification | automated vehicle location | intelligent vehicle highway systems | trucking | weight-in-motion |

Intelligent Vehicle Highway Systems - Blanket term for a wide array of technologies, including electronic sensors, computer hardware and software and radio communications. The purpose of IVHS is to increase efficiency of use of existing highways, reducing travel time, fuel consumption, air pollution and accidents. There are five functional areas: Advanced Public Transportation Systems (APTS). Acronym: IVHS Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Intelligent Vehicle Highway Systems - automatic vehicle identification | automated vehicle location | intelligent transportation systems | trucking | weight-in-motion |

Interactive Access - The ability to access authorized portions of the source data maintained in contractor or Government systems via on-line telecommunications data transfers in real or near-real time using various types of queries. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-B, 1993

Related Terms: Interactive Access - data | data base | query language | security | telecommunications |

International Standards Organization/Open System Interconnection - A standard, modular approach to network design that divides the required set of complex functions into manageable, self- contained, functional layers. Acronym: ISO/OSI Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: International Standards Organization/Open System Interconnection - design | international standards organization | network | open system | standard | system |

Inter-operability Testing - Inter-operability testing addresses the problem of data interchange between two vendor products within a data system, or between two data systems. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Education Working Group, US CALS/CE Industry Steering Group Adapted from "Electronic Blue Book" 1993

Related Terms: Inter-operability Testing - acquisition | data | engineering | manufacturing | product | software | system |

Interrupt Request - Interrupt request, used to get the attention of the system to perform a task. Acronym: IRQ Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Interrupt Request - computer | hardware | software | system |

ISO 9000 - ISO 9000 is a series of international standards that provides quality management guidance and identifies quality system elements that are necessary for quality assurance. In other words, the ISO 9000 series standards have two main roles: to provide guidance for suppliers of all types of products that wish to implement Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: ISO 9000 - engineering | international | international standards organization | management | manufacturing | quality | standard | system |

JANUS - An information exchange system on industrial health and safety. Acronym: JANUS Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: JANUS - international | trade |

Joint Computer-Aided Acquisition and Logistic Support - The JCALS program is the Department of Defense's lead system for implementation of CALS. The functionality of JCALS will provide automation of technical manuals and other maintenance documents. Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994. Acronym: JCALS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Joint Computer-Aided Acquisition and Logistic Support - acquisition | continuous acquisition and life-cycle support | defense | department of defense | military | maintenance | manufacturing | support | technology |

Joint Engineering Data Management Information and Computer System - The standard DoD program for management of engineering drawings and related technical data. It automates the DoD's engineering data repositories using an integrated suite of off-the-shelf hardware and software. This system enables improved acquisition, storage, update, and retrieval of technical information. Plans call for installation of JEDMICS at 25 sites Acronym: JEDMICS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government, Final Coordination Draft CALS Strategic Plan, 1993

Related Terms: Joint Engineering Data Management Information and Computer System - commercial off the shelf | computer | data | department of defense | engineering | hardware | management | manufacturing | software | system | technology |

Just-in-Time (1) - Manufacturing system which depends on frequent, small deliveries of parts and supplies to keep on-site inventory to a minimum. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Just-in-Time (1) - inventory | manufacturing | trucking |

Layer - In the Open System Interconnection reference model, refers to a collection of related network-processing functions that constitute one level of a hierarchy of functions. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993_I_____L_

Related Terms: Layer - hardware | internet | network | open system | software |

Levels of Maintenance - The distinctive depths of repair, maintenance, or inspection for which a system or component is designed; examples are no repair, two-level, three-level, five-level, depot, intermediate, or field.

Related Terms: Levels of Maintenance - level of repair | level of repair analysis | repair | repair levels |

Life Cycle - The phases of a product or system: need determination, system planning, research, design, production or construction, system evaluation, use and support, and phase out, disposal, or reuse. Acronym: LC

Related Terms: Life Cycle - cradle-to-grave | life cycle analysis | life cycle approach | lust-to-dust |

Life-Cycle Management System - A set of processes (which may include computer-aided software engineering tools) which facilitate the creation, tailoring, and navigation of a system development life cycle. A life cycle management system may take the form of an integrated project support environment or an estimating system linked to a project scheduling and tracking Acronym: CMS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Life-Cycle Management System - acquisition | engineering | logistics | management | software | system | process |

Load Range - Letter code system for the weight carrying capacity of tires. Comparable ply ratings are shown below. Load Range (LR), Ply Rating (PR). LR/PR: A/2, B/4, C/6, D/8, E/10, F/12, G/14, H/16. Acronym: LR Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Load Range - ply rating | trucking |

Logistics (6) - Logistics is the science of planning and implementing the acquisition and use of the resources necessary to sustain the operation of a system. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: HUM - The Government Computer Magazine "Integrated Logistics" December 1993, Walter Cooke______~_}_Included with permission from: HUM - The Government Computer Magazine

Related Terms: Logistics (6) - acquisition | distribution | freight | logistics | support | system | transportation | warehousing |

Logistics Support Analysis (1) - Simply put, LSA is the iterative process of identifying support requirements for a new system, especially in the early stages of system design. The main goals of LSA are to ensure that the system will perform as intended and to influence the design for supportability and affordability. Acronym: LSA Reference: Air Force Institute of Technology, Graduate School of Acquisition and Logistics

Related Terms: Logistics Support Analysis (1) - acquisition | integrated logistics support | logistics | military |

Logistics Support Analysis (2) - A modeling process used to recognize the maintenance, training and the number of people that are required to get the system running and to maintain the system. Acronym: LSA Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: HUM - The Government Computer Magazine "Integrated Logistics" December 1993, Walter Cooke

Related Terms: Logistics Support Analysis (2) - acquisition | logistics | logistics support analysis record | maintenance | modeling | support | system |

Logistics Support Analysis Record - That portion of LSA documentation consisting of detailed data pertaining to the identification of logistic support resource requirements of a system or equipment. n Smith, "An Introduction to CALS: The Strategy and the Standards", 1990. Acronym: LSAR Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Logistics Support Analysis Record - acquisition | continuous acquisition and life-cycle support | logistics | logistics support analysis | maintenance | modeling | support | system |

Magnetic Tape - Magnetic tape is the preferred physical medium for delivery of technical data in digital form because it is a mature, stable technology that is able to handle the large volumes of data typically involved in a major weapon system acquisition. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-B", 1993

Related Terms: Magnetic Tape - computer | data | hardware | medium | software | technical data | technology |

Maintenance - The act of restoring systems or equipment to specified operating parameters.

Related Terms: Maintenance - equipment | system | operating parameters |

Maintenance Planning - The process of identifying and arranging, in an orderly manner, all required elements of the maintenance/repair support capability necessary to ensure Air Force systems, subsystems, and equipment are capable of performing their operational missions until phase-out or retirement. Reference: Air Force Institute of Technology, Graduate School of Acquisition and Logistics

Related Terms: Maintenance Planning - acquisition | integrated logistics support | logistics | military |

Manpower and Personnel - The identification of military and civilian personnel requirements with the skill and grades needed to operate and support a weapon system and equipment over its lifetime during peacetime and wartime scenarios. Reference: Air Force Institute of Technology, Graduate School of Acquisition and Logistics

Related Terms: Manpower and Personnel - acquisition | integrated logistics support | logistics | military |

Manufacturing Automation Protocol - A largely moribund communication standard proposed by General Motors in 1986 that ideally would have enabled system devices within a manufacturing company to communicate among themselves. Acronym: MAP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Manufacturing Automation Protocol - computer-aided manufacturing | continuous acquisition and life-cycle support | department of defense | manufacturing | manufacturing technology | production | protocol | standard | technology |

Medium - A system or environment in which something functions or operates; a channel or pathway; or a means or method of operation.

Related Terms: Medium - channel | environment | function | operation | system | transportation |

Military Handbook 59 - The "DoD CALS Program Implementation Guide," is not a standard. It provides the acquisition manager and his staff, as well as defense contractors and government end users with a detailed explanation of the CALS program, its objectives and strategy, and how to develop and apply CALS requirements that meet the Acronym: MIL-HDBK-59 Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Education Working Group, US CALS/CE Industry Steering Group "Electronic Blue Book" , 1993

Related Terms: Military Handbook 59 - acquisition | continuous acquisition and life-cycle support | contracting | department of defense | logistics | military | military handbook | military specification |

National Information Infrastructure - A concept conceived by the Clinton Administration and an alliance of computer, software, cable, and phone companies. The proposed concept would be the electronic network of tomorrow and would use phone line, cable systems, and high-speed data-networks to link everyone, including government agencies, universities, company presidents, and private citizens. The Acronym: NII Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: National Information Infrastructure - computer | education | hardware | marketing | network | software | telecommunications |

National Institute of Standards and Technology - Created in 1901 as the National Bureau of Standards and renamed in 1988, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) works to strengthen U.S. industry's international competitiveness, advance science, and improve public health, safety and the environment. NIST conducts science and engineering research in commercially important fields such as Acronym: NIST Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Sharon J Kemmerer Department of Commerce, United States Government "CALS Testing Programs, Status and Strategy" October 1992

Related Terms: National Institute of Standards and Technology - business | government | industry | international | standard | technology | trade |

Node (1) - A Node is a termination point for two or more communication links. The Node serves as the control location for forwarding data among the elements of a network or multiple networks, as well as perform other networking, and in some cases, local processing functions. In systems network architecture, a node Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Node (1) - communications | computer | data | hardware | internet | network | software |

Not Mission Capable - A system in which several supporting subsystems are not functioning properly, or a few key systems are not functioning at acceptable levels. Also, a system in which a single critical system is not functioning. Acronym: NMC

Related Terms: Not Mission Capable - fully mission capable | mission | partially mission capable |

ODAS - Ocean Data Acquisition System, a COST project. Acronym: ODAS Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: ODAS - international | trade |

Open System - A system capable of communicating with other open systems by virtue of implementing common international standard protocols. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from Joan Smith, "An Introduction to CALS: The Strategy and the Standards", 1990

Related Terms: Open System - computer | hardware | interface | international | international standards organization | international standards organization/open system | open system interconnection | protocol | software | standard | system |

Open Systems Interconnection - A standard approach to network design developed by the International Standards Organization that introduces modularity by dividing the complex set of functions into more manageable, self- contained, functional slices. Acronym: OSI Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with the permission of: Gartner Group, Inc Information Technology Glossary Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Open Systems Interconnection - design | hardware | international standards organization | network | open system | protocol | software | standard |

Overhaul - To extensively inspect and repair a system or component.

Related Terms: Overhaul - component | depot | inspection | maintenance | repair | system |

Packaging, Handling, Storage, and Transportation - The requirements, resources, processes, procedures, design considerations, and methods necessary to ensure that all systems, equipment, and support items are preserved, packaged, handled, and transported properly. Reference: Air Force Institute of Technology, Graduate School of Acquisition and Logistics

Related Terms: Packaging, Handling, Storage, and Transportation - acquisition | integrated logistics support | logistics | military |

Padoa-Schioppa Report - A 1987 document evaluating the effect of the entry into the EC of Portugal and Spain, and of the commitment to the internal market upon the EC's economic system. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Padoa-Schioppa Report - international | trade |

PARIS - A DRIVE project on the economic assessment of road transport and traffic information systems. Acronym: PARIS Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: PARIS - international | trade |

Partially Mission Capable - A system in which critical supporting subsystems are functional.

Related Terms: Partially Mission Capable - fully mission capable | mission | not mission capable |

Parts - The components of a system, or spares designated for a system.

Related Terms: Parts - replacement | spare | spares | system |

Portable Operating System Interface - This standard defines a C programming language source interface to an operating system environment. This standard is used by computing professionals involved in system and application software development and implementation. [TBITS 7.1.] Government also endorses POSIX, i.e. TBITS 7.1.] Acronym: POSIX Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Portable Operating System Interface - computer | exchange | interface | software | system |

Pounds Per Square Inch - In trucking, unit of measurement for tire air pressure, air brake system pressure and turbocharger boost. Acronym: PSI, psi Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Pounds Per Square Inch - truck | trucking |

Processable Data Document - Technical data in digital source form that is either organized and formatted so that an automated data processing system can further structure or restructure the data in a variety of ways, or is compatible for direct processing by an automated design, engineering, or logistic support system. Processable data can be Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-A" 1993

Related Terms: Processable Data Document - data | data base | document | file | technical data | technical manual |

Provisioning - The act of providing the complement of spares and support for fielded systems or equipment.

Related Terms: Provisioning - equipment | spares | support | system |

Query Language - A defined set of syntax and commands used to submit queries to a text retrieval system. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Delphi Consulting Group "The Delphi Glossary of Electronic Document Management Systems Terms and Acronyms" 1994

Related Terms: Query Language - data | data base | software | structured query language |

Railroad - A transportation medium consisting of a track composed of parallel rails and ties for trains and other rail vehicles; or a system of tracks, equipment, facilities, and property for railroad transportation.  Railroad

Related Terms: Railroad - engine | equipment | facility | rail | railcar | rails | railway | transportation | vehicle |

Real-Time (1) - The description for an operating system that responds to an external event within a short and predictable time frame. Unlike a batch or time-sharing operating system, a real-time operating system provides services or control to independent ongoing physical processes. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group Adapted from: "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993

Related Terms: Real-Time (1) - design | engineering | information | information management | modeling | network | operation | system |

Relational Database - A database system in which the database is organized and accessed according to the relationships between data items without the need for any consideration of physical orientation and relationship. Relationships between data items are expressed by means of tables. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993

Related Terms: Relational Database - computer | data | data base | information | relational database management system | software |

Relational Database Management System - A database management system in which the database is organized and accessed according to the relationships between data items. In a relational database, relationships between data items are expressed by means of tables. Interdependencies among these tables are expressed by data values rather than by pointers. This allows a high Acronym: RDBMS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993

Related Terms: Relational Database Management System - data | data base | information management | relational database | system |

Repository - A facility for storing descriptions and behaviors of objects in an enterprise, including requirements, policies, processes, data, software libraries, projects, platforms and personnel, with the potential of supporting both software development and operations management. A single point of definition for all system resources. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group Adapted from: "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993

Related Terms: Repository - business | data base | document | enterprise | file | information | information management | policy | process | program | software |

SAE Net Horsepower - Horsepower capability of an engine with full accessories and exhaust system. Test procedures per standards of Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE). Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: SAE Net Horsepower - horsepower | gross laboratory horsepower | trucking |

SCENT - System Customs Enforcement Network, a structure for the exchange of urgent information between national authorities on fraudulent evasion of customs and agricultural regulations, as well as on drug trafficking. Acronym: SCENT Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: SCENT - international | trade |

SEAMOS - Sea Environmental Monitoring System, an SECA/SECB/SECS. the national accounts domain on CRONOS. Acronym: SEAMOS Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: SEAMOS - international | trade |

SEDOS - Software Environment for the Design of Open Distributed Systems, an ESPRIT project. Acronym: SEDOS Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: SEDOS - international | trade |

SOCRATES - System of Cellular Radio for Traffic Efficiency and Safety, a DRIVE project. Acronym: SOCRATES Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: SOCRATES - international | trade |

Source System - The computer hardware, software, and network that will structure technical information for interchange. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-A" 1993

Related Terms: Source System - computer | hardware | interchange | network | software | system |

STABEX - See System of Stabilization of Export Earnings. Acronym: STABEX Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: STABEX - international | trade | System of Stabilization of Export Earnings |

Standard Generalized Markup Language - A standard that defines a language for document representation which formalizes markup and frees it of system and processing dependencies. It provides a coherent and unambiguous syntax for describing whatever a user chooses to identify within a document. [ISO 8879, MIL-M-28001, TBITS 14, FIPS 152] "Military Standard 1840-B, 1992. Acronym: SGML Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Standard Generalized Markup Language - computer | document | file | internet | markup | parser | standard |

Standard International Trade Classification - The United Nations numerical coding system for classifying commodities for international trade. Acronym: STIC

Related Terms: Standard International Trade Classification - commodity | international | trade |

Structured Query Language - SQL is a relational data language that provides a consistent, English keyword-oriented set of facilities for query, data definition, data manipulation and data control. It is a programming interface to a relational database management system (RDBMS). [ISO 9075, ANSI X3.135-1992, FIPS 127-2, MIL-STD-1388, TBITS 2]Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993. Acronym: SQL Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Structured Query Language - computer | data | data base | database management system | program | query language |

Support Equipment - All equipment (mobile or fixed) required to support the operation and maintenance of weapon systems, except that which is an integral part of the mission equipment. Acronym: SE Reference: Air Force Institute of Technology, Graduate School of Acquisition and Logistics

Related Terms: Support Equipment - acquisition | integrated logistics support | logistics | military |

System - An arrangement of parts and/or processes that serve a unified function or purpose.

Related Terms: System - components | environment | function | input | output | parts | spares | systems approach | systems management | theory of constraints |

System (1) - Specific suite of computer hardware and software. As used in the terms "Source System" and "Destination System," the term does not necessarily correspond one to one with "site" or "base" in that most prime contractor sites and DoD installations have more than one system. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Standard 1840-B" 1992

Related Terms: System (1) - computer | contracting | department of defense | hardware | software |

System for Safeguarding and Developing Mineral Production - A programme of financial assistance to Lomé Convention countries to maintain mining production and installations during marked downturns on the world economic market which affect their export earnings. Acronym: SYSMIN Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: System for Safeguarding and Developing Mineral Production - international | trade |

System of Stabilization of Export Earnings - A programme of financial assistance to Lomé Convention countries reliant upon one or a few basic commodities where their export earnings to the EC have been severely and adversely affected by world market conditions. Acronym: STABEX Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: System of Stabilization of Export Earnings - international | trade |

Systems Approach - A management or analysis approach that addresses issues as part of the larger system, or addresses the system as a whole.

Related Terms: Systems Approach - analysis | management | system | systems management |

Systems Management - The management of systems using a systems approach.

Related Terms: Systems Management - management | system | systems approach |

TARDIS - Traffic and Roads drive Integrated systems, a DRIVE project. Acronym: TARDIS Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: TARDIS - international | trade |

Technical Data - Includes flight manuals, operator manuals, maintenance instructions (organizational, intermediate, and depot levels), illustrated parts breakdowns, time compliance technical orders (TCTOs), and commercial manuals required to operate, maintain, service, repair, overhaul, and modify the systems, subsystems, or equipment acquired by the Air Force. Reference: Air Force Institute of Technology, Graduate School of Acquisition and Logistics

Related Terms: Technical Data - acquisition | integrated logistics support | logistics | military |

Technical Information Systems - The generic term for the enterprise network of existing and augmented automated data processing systems used by government and contractors for management of technical information in support of the design, manufacture, and logistic processes for products such as weapon systems and related major equipment items. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-A" 1993

Related Terms: Technical Information Systems - business | data | design | enterprise | information management | manufacturing | network | system |

Text File - A file which uses the American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) or similar system to represent the text of a document. Data within a text file are delineated as human readable words, sentences, and paragraphs rather than data elements. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-A" 1993

Related Terms: Text File - ascii | computer | data | document | file | information |

Training and Training Support - The processes, procedures, techniques, and equipment used to train active duty, reserve, and civilian personnel to operate and maintain a weapon system throughout its life cycle. Reference: Air Force Institute of Technology, Graduate School of Acquisition and Logistics

Related Terms: Training and Training Support - acquisition | integrated logistics support | logistics | military |

Trigger Threshold - The extent to which the value of average export earnings to the EC must have fallen over a four-year period for a developing country to benefit from the System of Stabilization of Export Earnings (STABEX). Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Trigger Threshold - international | trade |

Unix - A family of operating systems known for its relative hardware independence and portable applications interface. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group Adapted from: "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993

Related Terms: Unix - computer | software | system |

Value-Added Network - A system where a network leases communication lines from a communications common carrier, enhances them by adding improvements such as error detection and/or faster response time, and then allows others to use this service on those lines for a fee. Acronym: VAN Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Source: RT Crowley "EDI Charting a Course to the Future" 1993

Related Terms: Value-Added Network - communications | information management | internet | network | quality | telecommunications | world wide web |

Warranties - Warranties are contractor commitments to repair or replace equipment found to be defective within a specified period. Warranties provide incentives for production of systems with high reliability and maintainability, and invoke cost penalties (direct and/or indirect) on the contractor if standards are not met. Reference: Air Force Institute of Technology, Graduate School of Acquisition and Logistics

Related Terms: Warranties - acquisition | integrated logistics support | logistics | military |

Workflow - The automation of work among users where the system is intelligent enough to act based on definition of work types, users, tasks and the recognition of dynamic processing conditions. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993

Related Terms: Workflow - business | computer | design | engineering | industry | management | manufacturing | network | operations management | production | software | system | workflow management |


Unless otherwise indicated, all entries in the LogisticsWorld Logistics Glossary are copyright 1997, Matthew D. Cox, logistics@logisticsworld.com.

 

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