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			Approximation - 




The process of the elimination of unwanted or unnecessary differences in national legislation within the context of the internal market. 









 Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm





	
	
Related Terms: Approximation - international | trade |

Balladur Memorandum - A 1988 French statement on the reforms to the European Monetary system (EMS) necessary for an effective internal market. The core ideas were the maintaining of identical margins of permissible currency fluctuations and the participation of all Member States in the Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM). Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Balladur Memorandum - international | trade |

Cecchini Report - A 1988 survey of the EC economy which detailed and costed the obstacles that hindered the development of an internal market. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Cecchini Report - international | trade |

Commercial Policy - See Competition Policy; Internal Market. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Commercial Policy - international | trade | Competition Policy | Internal Market |

Common Commercial Policy - See Competition Policy; Internal Market. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Common Commercial Policy - international | trade | Competition Policy | Internal Market |

Community Committee for the Coordination of Fraud Prevention - Established to develop a plan on how the EC could combat fraud within the internal market. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Community Committee for the Coordination of Fraud Prevention - international | trade |

Coordination Group - Free Movement - An intergovernmental body established in 1990 by the European Council to check on preparation for the ending of national border control during the implementation of the internal market. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Coordination Group - Free Movement - international | trade |

Delors I - A 1987 package of Budget proposals put forward by the Commission as a response to EC funding problems, intended to enable the EC to realise the aim of implementing the internal market by the end of 1992. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Delors I - international | trade |

ES2 - An ESA. European System of Integrated Economic Accounts, set up to aid the development of an information system in connection with the internal market. Acronym: ES2 Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: ES2 - international | trade |

European Business and Innovation Centre Network - An agency to assist smaller enterprises to benefit from competition policy and the internal market. Acronym: EBN Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: European Business and Innovation Centre Network - international | trade |

INTERMAPS - Interactive Multimedia Access Publishing Services, a Internal Market. A common market decided upon in 1985 and implemented by the end of 1992. Acronym: INTERMAPS Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: INTERMAPS - international | trade |

KAROLUS - A 1992 action plan for an exchange of national officials engaged in the implementation of EC legislation on the construction of the internal market. Acronym: KAROLUS Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: KAROLUS - international | trade |

Liberalization - The process of establishing the internal market through the elimination of unnecessary obstacles and restraints to trade. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Liberalization - international | trade |

MATIC - Multi-Strategy Authoring Toolkit for Intelligent Courseware, a MATTHAEUS. A 1991 exchange programme for customs officials working on the operation of the internal market. Acronym: MATIC Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: MATIC - international | trade |

Padoa-Schioppa Report - A 1987 document evaluating the effect of the entry into the EC of Portugal and Spain, and of the commitment to the internal market upon the EC's economic system. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Padoa-Schioppa Report - international | trade |

PRISMA - A 1990 initiative to aid enterprises to prepare for the internal market. Acronym: PRISMA Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: PRISMA - international | trade |

Single European Act - A 1987 amendment to the founding treaties dealing primarily with the internal market, European Political Cooperation (EPC), and institutional reform of the EC. Acronym: SEA Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Single European Act - international | trade |

Single Market - See Internal Market. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Single Market - international | trade | Internal Market |

Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprise Task force - A Commission agency providing advice and assistance to smaller companies on EC competition policy and the internal market. Acronym: SME Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprise Task force - international | trade |

White Paper - A 1985 Commission document outlining the steps required to complete the internal market. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: White Paper - international | trade |


Unless otherwise indicated, all entries in the LogisticsWorld Logistics Glossary are copyright 1997, Matthew D. Cox, logistics@logisticsworld.com.

 

WWW Virtual Library of Logistics
Ver 4, Sep, 1999, Matthew D. Cox, logistics@logisticsworld.com
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Copyright 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999 MDC, All rights reserved.