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			Ada - 




A computer language designed as a standard for U.S. government and NATO procurements. Ada is a required language for mission-critical projects. 









 Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993





	
	
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American National Standards Institute (1) - The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) is a privately funded, non-profit organization which coordinates the development of voluntary standards in the United States and is the agency that approves standards (as American National Standards). It coordinates and manages U.S. participation in the work of several non-governmental international standards organizations, including Acronym: ANSI Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994

Related Terms: American National Standards Institute (1) - industry | specification | standard | technology |
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American Standard Code for Information Interchange - The American Standard Code for Information Interchange is used extensively in data transmission. The ASCII character set includes 128 upper and lower case letters, numerals and special purpose symbols, each encoded by a unique 7-bit binary number. ASCII text is a subset of the ASCII character set consisting principally of Acronym: ASCII Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Standard 1840-B" 3 November 1992

Related Terms: American Standard Code for Information Interchange - computer | specification | standard |
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ANSI X12 - The ANSI X12 standards specify the format and data content of electronic business transactions. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: ANSI X12 - american national standards institute | business | electronic commerce | standard |
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Application Protocol - Defines the context for the use of product data and specifies the use of the standard in that context to satisfy an industrial need. [Associated with STEP] , United States Government. "Military Standard 1840-B" 3 November 1992. Acronym: AP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Application Protocol - application | application profile | data | industry | military | standard for the exchange of product model data | trade |
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Bar Coding (1) - Graphical representation (generally narrow and wide bars) that represent one of a number of numeric or alphanumeric standards. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Bar Coding (1) - control | electronic commerce | electronic data interchange | inventory | technology |
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CALS Test Network - The CALS Test Network (CTN) is a confederation of hundreds of industry and government organizations that have agreed to evaluate and demonstrate the interchange and functional use of digital technical information using CALS standards. This is accomplished through a collaborative multi-service effort. Acronym: CTN Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Sharon J Kemmerer Department of Commerce, United States Government "CALS Testing Programs, Status and Strategy" October 1992

CCITT Group 4 - This CALS standard for raster graphics incorporates tiling, which divides a large image into smaller tiles. Graphic files are exchanged in CCITT/4 format in a compressed state so they take up much less file space. [MIL-D-28002, FIPS 150] Included with permission from: ArborText. "Getting Started with SGML. 1992" Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: CCITT Group 4 - continuous acquisition and life-cycle support | military | standard | technology |
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Compact Disc Read-Only Memory - A version of the standard compact disc intended to store general-purpose digital data. Data or information stored on CD-ROM cannot be changed or updated. Acronym: CD-ROM  Compact Disc Read-Only Memory Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994 Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994 "Getting Started with SGML"

Related Terms: Compact Disc Read-Only Memory - computer | hardware | read-only memory |
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Computer Graphics Metafile - This file format standard is a two-dimensional picture description or vector-oriented illustration data delivered in digital format. CGM is suited for illustrations often found in training, maintenance, and technical manuals. [MIL-D-28003, ISO 8632.1-4, FIPS 128-1] 1994. Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994 "An Introduction to CALS: The Strategy and the Acronym: CGM Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Computer Graphics Metafile - computer | military | software | vector graphics |
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Computer-Aided Acquisition and Logistic Support - CALS is a global strategy to further enterprise integration through the streamlining of business processes and the application of standards and technologies for the development, management, exchange, and use of business and technical information. Now called Continuous Acquisition and Life-cycle Support. Acronym: CALS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

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Conformance Testing - The testing of a candidate product for the existence of characteristics required by a standard. Its primary activity is to ensure specified behavior of implementations. Additional benefits include: clarifying the standard for guiding future implementation, producing a feedback loop to the standards making bodies for improvements to the standard, encouraging Acronym: CT Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Conformance Testing - acquisition | contracting | product | quality | reliability | specification |
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Consultative Committee for International Telephone and Telegraphy - Consultative Committee for International Telephone and Telegraphy International committee that specifies international communication standards. Acronym: CCITT Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Consultative Committee for International Telephone and Telegraphy - communications | international | standard |
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Container (1) - Standard-sized rectangular box used to transport freight by ship, rail and highway. International shipping containers are 20 or 40 feet long, conform to International Standards Organization (ISO) standards and are designed to fit in ships' holds. Containers are transported on public roads atop a container chassis towed by a tractor. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Container (1) - shipping container | trucking |
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Continuous Acquisition and Life-Cycle Support - CALS is a global strategy to further enterprise integration through the streamlining of business processes and the application of standards and technologies for the development, management, exchange, and use of business and technical information. Formerly Computer-Aided Acquisition and Logistic Support. Acronym: CALS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

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Contractor Integrated Technical Information Service - A technical information service based on the integration of databases (contractor , subcontractor, and government ) contractually established and managed by the defense contractor to receive, maintain, and provide access to technical and support information on a defense system. [MIL-STD-974]ith permission from Joan Smith. Adapted from "An Introduction to CALS: Acronym: CITIS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Contractor Integrated Technical Information Service - acquisition | contracting | data | data base | defense | information management | integration | military |
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Data Management Standards - Data management standards will provide common definitions of the data elements, their attributes, relationships, data integrity constraints, and database access rules. This includes standards for system and data protection and security. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Office of the Secretary of Defense, United States Government "CALS Booklet"

Related Terms: Data Management Standards - data | data base | data base management system | information management | standard |
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Defacto Standard - A standard which has been endorsed by industry or government, but not officially approved by an accredited standards body such as ISO. Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Defacto Standard - continuous acquisition and life-cycle support | industry | international standards organization | proprietary standard | standard |
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Development Testing - Development testing is equivalent to "proof of principal" as proposed standards are being developed, and before those draft standards achieve technical stability. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Education Working Group, US CALS/CE Industry Steering Group Adapted from "Electronic Blue Book", 1993

Related Terms: Development Testing - acquisition | contracting | design | engineering | life cycle | specification | testing |
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Digital Technical Data - Includes the part descriptions, product specifications, and standards that the initial designer draws upon; the engineering drawings and product data used in design and manufacturing; the information needed to guide the people who operate the system in the field, or who support and maintain it at all echelons of the Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-B", 1993

Related Terms: Digital Technical Data - acquisition | continuous acquisition and life-cycle support | data | design | specification | standard | technical data |
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EDI For Administration, Commerce and Transport - United Nations rules for Electronic Data Interchange for Administration, Commerce and Transport. They comprise a set of internationally agreed upon standards, directories and guidelines for the electronic interchange of structured data related to trade in goods and services between independent computerized information systems. [ISO 9735]UN/EDIFACT Introduction to UN/EDIFACT with latest Acronym: EDIFACT Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: EDI For Administration, Commerce and Transport - commerce | data | electronic data interchange | electronic funds transfer | international | standard | transport | transportation |
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Electronic Data Interchange (2) - The inter-organizational, computer-to-computer exchange of structured information in a standard, machine-processable format. [Standards include EDIFACT and ANSI X.12] AECMA 2000M] EDI World Institute, 1994.:ArborText. Acronym: EDI Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Electronic Data Interchange (2) - business | commerce | communications | electronic commerce | exchange | interchange | interface | management | protocol | standard | telecommunications | trade |
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Enterprise Resource Planning - ERP represents the next generation of manufacturing resource planning (MRP II) software. ERP's usefulness and power lies beyond the present function boundaries of MRP II. Beyond the standard functionality that is offered, other features are included, e.g., quality process operations management, and regulatory reporting. In addition the base technology used Acronym: ERP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Enterprise Resource Planning - capacity requirements planning | enterprise | management | manufacturing | material requirements planning | planning | resource |
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ETSI - European Telecommunications Standards Institute, established in 1987 to harmonize technological specifications and standards. Acronym: ETSI Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: ETSI - international | trade |
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EURAM - See EURET. European Research for Transport, a 1990 programme on the coordination oftechnical developments and equipment standardization. Acronym: EURAM Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: EURAM - international | trade | EURET |
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EUROCARE - European Conservation and Restoration, an EUROCIM. An Eurocodes. Standardized specifications for the construction industry. Acronym: EUROCARE Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: EUROCARE - international | trade |
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European Atomic Energy Community - Established in 1957 to promote nuclear research and development for peaceful purposes within uniform safety standards, and to develop wide commercial outlets for nuclear fuel and energy. Acronym: EURATOM Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: European Atomic Energy Community - international | trade |
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Federal Information Processing Standard - Standards published by the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology, after approval by the Dept. of Commerce; used as a guideline for federal procurements. Acronym: FIPS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Federal Information Processing Standard - acquisition | commerce | department of commerce | government | procurement | standard |
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File Transfer, Access and Management - The Open Systems Interconnection standard for file transfer (i.e., the communication of an entire file between systems), file access (i.e., the ability to remotely access one or more records in a file) and management (e.g., the ability to create/delete, name/rename a file). Acronym: FTAM Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: File Transfer, Access and Management - communications | file | file transfer protocol | internet | management | network |
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GENST - Standard Goods Nomenclature for Transport Statistics, merged in 1988 into Combined Nomenclature(CN). Acronym: GENST Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: GENST - international | trade |
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Graphics Standard - A technical standard describing the digital exchange format of graphics data. (CCITT Group 4 and CGM are examples). Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-B", 1993

Related Terms: Graphics Standard - computer | computer graphics metafile | data | file | joint photographic experts group | motion pictures expert group | raster graphics | resolution | software | tag image file format | vector graphics |
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Hypertext Markup Language - A subset of SGML which was developed with a standard DTD for hyperlinked text and graphics accessable on the Internet's World Wide Web. Acronym: HTML Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Hypertext Markup Language - document | document type | hyperlink | internet | markup | standard | standard generalized markup language |
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Information Resources Dictionary System - IRDS is a standard, not a system. It specifies services performed by a data administrator in cataloguing, documenting, managing, and using data dictionaries. It is based on the entity- relationship model, and allows attributes on relationships. Acronym: IRDS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Education Working Group, US CALS/CE Industry Steering Group Adapted from "Electronic Blue Book" 1993

Related Terms: Information Resources Dictionary System - data base | data dictionary | data standards | database management system | information management | standard | system |
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Initial Graphics Exchange Standard - A neutral file format for the representation and transfer of product definition data among CAD/CAM systems and application programs. Acronym: IGES Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Initial Graphics Exchange Standard - computer-aided design | computer-aided manufacturing | graphics standard | standard | system |
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Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers - Organization of engineers, scientists and students involved in electrical, electronics, and related fields; also functions as a publishing house and standards-making body. Acronym: IEEE Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers - design | engineering | organization | specification | standard |
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Integrated Services Digital Network - The technical standards and design philosophy according to which digital networks will be designed. ISDN provides high-speed, high-bandwidth channels to every subscriber on the network, achieving end-to-end digital functions with standard equipment interface devices. The networks will enable a variety of mixed digital transmission services to be accommodated at a Acronym: ISDN Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Integrated Services Digital Network - communications | integration | internet | network | standard | telecommunications |
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Intelligent Gateway - Intelligent gateway is a technology which makes the complexities of on-line database connection and authorized interrogation transparent to users. Intelligent gateways provide transparent logos, transfer user prompted queries into that can be read by non-standard database retrieval programs. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994

Related Terms: Intelligent Gateway - communications | data | data base | internet | network |
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International Standards Organization - ISO is the international standards organizations that is similar in function to ANSI. They do not create standards but as with ANSI the provided a means of verifying that a proposed standard has met certain requirements for due process, consensus, and other criteria by those developing the standard. After this Acronym: ISO Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: International Standards Organization - american national standards institute | engineering | government | international | international standards organization | manufacturing | organization | protocol | quality | standard | technology |
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International Standards Organization (1) - A voluntary, non-treaty organization established in 1949 to promote international standards. Acronym: ISO Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: International Standards Organization (1) - engineering | government | international | international standards organization | manufacturing | organization | protocol | quality | standard | technology |
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International Standards Organization/Open System Interconnection - A standard, modular approach to network design that divides the required set of complex functions into manageable, self- contained, functional layers. Acronym: ISO/OSI Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: International Standards Organization/Open System Interconnection - design | international standards organization | network | open system | standard | system |
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Internet Protocol - A standard that describes how packets of data are transported across the Internet and recognized as an incoming message. Acronym: IP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Internet Protocol - application protocol | computer | file transfer protocol | internet | standard | software |
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ISO 9000 - ISO 9000 is a series of international standards that provides quality management guidance and identifies quality system elements that are necessary for quality assurance. In other words, the ISO 9000 series standards have two main roles: to provide guidance for suppliers of all types of products that wish to implement Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: ISO 9000 - engineering | international | international standards organization | management | manufacturing | quality | standard | system |
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Joint Engineering Data Management Information and Computer System - The standard DoD program for management of engineering drawings and related technical data. It automates the DoD's engineering data repositories using an integrated suite of off-the-shelf hardware and software. This system enables improved acquisition, storage, update, and retrieval of technical information. Plans call for installation of JEDMICS at 25 sites Acronym: JEDMICS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government, Final Coordination Draft CALS Strategic Plan, 1993

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Joint Photographic Experts Group - A widely accepted, international standard for compression of color images. Acronym: JPEG Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with the permission of: Gartner Group, Inc Information Technology Glossary Executive Reference, 1993

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Lift Axle - Extra, unpowered axle needed only when the vehicle is loaded, allowing it to meet federal and state vehicle weight standards. The lift axle is mounted to an air spring suspension that raises the axle when it is not required. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

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Logistics Support Analysis Record - That portion of LSA documentation consisting of detailed data pertaining to the identification of logistic support resource requirements of a system or equipment. n Smith, "An Introduction to CALS: The Strategy and the Standards", 1990. Acronym: LSAR Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

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Long Combination Vehicle - In general, vehicles longer than a standard doubles rig (tractor and two 28-foot semitrailers). Examples of LCVs which are permitted in some U.S. western states and eastern toll roads: Twin 48-foot trailers; triple 28-foot trailers. Acronym: LCV Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

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Manufacturing Automation Protocol - A largely moribund communication standard proposed by General Motors in 1986 that ideally would have enabled system devices within a manufacturing company to communicate among themselves. Acronym: MAP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

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Military Handbook 59 - The "DoD CALS Program Implementation Guide," is not a standard. It provides the acquisition manager and his staff, as well as defense contractors and government end users with a detailed explanation of the CALS program, its objectives and strategy, and how to develop and apply CALS requirements that meet the Acronym: MIL-HDBK-59 Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Education Working Group, US CALS/CE Industry Steering Group "Electronic Blue Book" , 1993

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Motion Pictures Experts Group - An emerging standard for compression of full motion images driven by the same committee as the Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) standard. Acronym: MPEG Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with the permission of: Gartner Group, Inc Information Technology Glossary Executive Reference, 1993

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National Institute of Standards and Technology - Created in 1901 as the National Bureau of Standards and renamed in 1988, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) works to strengthen U.S. industry's international competitiveness, advance science, and improve public health, safety and the environment. NIST conducts science and engineering research in commercially important fields such as Acronym: NIST Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Sharon J Kemmerer Department of Commerce, United States Government "CALS Testing Programs, Status and Strategy" October 1992

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Office Document Architecture/Office Document Interchange Format - An explicit document architecture and interchange format standard which allows exchange of compound documents (i.e., documents composed of various content types, such as character, raster graphics, and geometric (Computer) graphics content. Acronym: ODA/ODIF Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994

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Open Data-link Interface - A standard interface, developed by Novell and Apple, that performs the same functions as NDIS. Acronym: ODI Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

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Open System - A system capable of communicating with other open systems by virtue of implementing common international standard protocols. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from Joan Smith, "An Introduction to CALS: The Strategy and the Standards", 1990

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Open Systems Interconnection - A standard approach to network design developed by the International Standards Organization that introduces modularity by dividing the complex set of functions into more manageable, self- contained, functional slices. Acronym: OSI Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with the permission of: Gartner Group, Inc Information Technology Glossary Executive Reference, 1993

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Page-Description Language - Software that instructs a printer in composing various elements (e.g., text, graphics, images) of a printed page. [Ed. or Standard Page Description Language: ISO 10180, Information Processing Text Composition], 1993. Acronym: PDL Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

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Portable Operating System Interface - This standard defines a C programming language source interface to an operating system environment. This standard is used by computing professionals involved in system and application software development and implementation. [TBITS 7.1.] Government also endorses POSIX, i.e. TBITS 7.1.] Acronym: POSIX Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

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Power Takeoff - Device used to transmit engine power to auxiliary equipment. A PTO often drives a hydraulic pump, which can power a dump body, concrete mixer or refuse packer. Some designs mount to a standard opening on the transmission, while others attach at the front or rear of the engine. Acronym: PTO Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

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PREMO - A proposed international standard that specifies techniques for creating audiovisual interactive applications that recognize and emphasize the interrelationships among user interfaces, multimedia applications, and multimedia information interchange. PREMO includes interfaces for external storage, retrieval, and interchange of multimedia objects. The objective of PREMO is to consider the needs of the Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: National Security Industrial Association "CALS Expo '93, Proceedings and Reference"

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Product Data Exchange Standard/Standard for the Exchange of Product Model Data - A set of standards under development for communicating a complete product model with sufficient information content that advanced CAD/CAM applications can interpret. PDES is under development as a national (U.S.) standard and STEP is under development as its international counterpart. Acronym: PDES/STEP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994

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Propriety Standard - A standard which has been endorsed by industry or government as the accepted international standard, but not officially approved by an accredited standards body such as ISO. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994

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Protocol (2) - A set of rules (priorities) and exception handlers for managing the communications on a network. A set of rules or standards that describes ways to operate to achieve compatibility. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

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Rapid Response Manufacturing - One of the major objectives of RRM is to create an engineering information environment that is accessible and useful for multiple engineering and manufacturing applications. Accepted robust standards for process and product data storage and exchange, which commercial vendors actively support, are a necessary ingredient of the infrastructure being developed Acronym: RRM Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: National Security Industrial Association "CALS Expo '93, Proceedings and Reference"

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Remote Data Access - A standard being developed to interconnect applications and databases. The standard originally attempted to cover any kind of data access and concerned itself only with effective dialogue management, but the complexity of so broad a scope has focused it more on Structured Query Language (SQL). An SQL specialization draft based Acronym: RDA Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group Adapted from: "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

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SAE Net Horsepower - Horsepower capability of an engine with full accessories and exhaust system. Test procedures per standards of Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE). Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

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SAFE - Standard Authoring Facility Environment, a Safety. See Health and Safety. Acronym: SAFE Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Setback Axle - Front steering axle moved rearward from the generally accepted standard position. Advantages: Shorter turning radius and more of a vehicle's weight shifted to front axle. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

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Shipping Container - Standard-sized rectangular box used to transport freight by ship, rail and highway. International shipping containers are 20 or 40 feet long, conform to International Standards Organization (ISO) standards and are designed to fit in ships' holds. Containers are transported on public roads atop a container chassis towed by a tractor. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

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Shipping Weight - "Dry" weight of a truck including all standard equipment, but excluding fuel and coolant. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

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Spread Axle - Tandem axle assembly spaced further apart than the standard spacing of 54 inches. The U.S. federal bridge formula favors trailer axles with an eight or nine foot spread by allowing higher weight than on tandems with standard spacing. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

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Spread Tandem - Tandem axle assembly spaced further apart than the standard spacing of 54 inches. The U.S. federal bridge formula favors trailer axles with an eight or nine foot spread by allowing higher weight than on tandems with standard spacing. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

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Standard for the Exchange of Product Model Data - A standard under development which will be used to describe a product in a neutral format over its complete life-cycle in a hardware-independent way. Acronym: STEP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Trade and Industry, United Kingdom. "CALS: Computer Aided Acquisition and Logistic Support: The Executive Guide"

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Standard Generalized Markup Language - A standard that defines a language for document representation which formalizes markup and frees it of system and processing dependencies. It provides a coherent and unambiguous syntax for describing whatever a user chooses to identify within a document. [ISO 8879, MIL-M-28001, TBITS 14, FIPS 152] "Military Standard 1840-B, 1992. Acronym: SGML Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

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Standard International Trade Classification - The United Nations numerical coding system for classifying commodities for international trade. Acronym: STIC

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Standards Testing - Determines whether the national, international, or military standards (and specifications) are viable and implementable. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Sharon J Kemmerer Department of Commerce, United States Government "CALS Testing Programs, Status and Strategy" October 1992

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STRADA - Standardization of Traffic Data Transmission and Management. a DRIVE project. Acronym: STRADA Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Tag Image File Format - A de facto standard format for image files. Acronym: TIFF Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

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Technical Data Package - A technical description that is adequate to support acquisition of an item, including engineering and production, the description consisting of all applicable technical data such as engineering drawings, associated lists, product and process specifications and standards, performance requirements, quality assurance provisions, and packaging details. Acronym: TDP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from Joan Smith, "An Introduction to CALS: The Strategy and the Standards", 1990

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Text File - A file which uses the American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) or similar system to represent the text of a document. Data within a text file are delineated as human readable words, sentences, and paragraphs rather than data elements. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-A" 1993

Related Terms: Text File - ascii | computer | data | document | file | information |
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Treasury Board Information Technology Standards - Treasury Board Information Technology Standards are the official Government of Canada publications on the standards, guidelines, technical reports and standard operating practices adopted and promulgated under the Treasury Board Information Management policies. Acronym: TBITS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Treasury Board, Government of Canada "Information Technology Standards", Vol 1

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Twenty-Foot Equivalent Unit - Standardized unit for measuring container capacity on ships, railcars, etc. Acronym: TEU Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

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Vehicle Maintenance Reporting Standards - Set of codes developed to facilitate computerized tracking of parts and labor used in equipment repair. Established and maintained by the American Trucking Associations. Acronym: VMRS Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

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Warranties - Warranties are contractor commitments to repair or replace equipment found to be defective within a specified period. Warranties provide incentives for production of systems with high reliability and maintainability, and invoke cost penalties (direct and/or indirect) on the contractor if standards are not met. Reference: Air Force Institute of Technology, Graduate School of Acquisition and Logistics

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X.25 - A data communication protocol that ensures data integrity while data is being transmitted to, from and within the network. This standard defines the interconnection of packet-switching networks and their associated computers or terminals. These types of networks make efficient use of the telecommunications networks by taking the data generated by Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

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X.400 - Defines the special rules for transmission of a message which may include text, pictures, and graphics, and allows information to be transmitted between computers, without specific manufacturer restrictions. [Ed. a series of recommendations from CCITT]. Adapted from: "Canadian Participation in the Development of EDI Standards" 1991. Included with permission from:Industry Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

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X.500 - The establishment of any global interconnected network, requires a directory. The standard for establishing such a directory is X.500, which enables users to browse through user listings as though they were looking through a telephone book. Ed. a CCITT Standard]on from: Industry Canada. "Canadian Participation in the Development of EDI Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

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Unless otherwise indicated, all entries in the LogisticsWorld Logistics Glossary are copyright 1997, Matthew D. Cox, logistics@logisticsworld.com.

 

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