The World Wide Web Virtual Library

WWW Virtual Library: Logistics

Clearinghouse

Clearinghouse Approved
LogisticsWorld Logistics Glossary
Home Home


Search  Index  Images  Acronyms  About  Help  Glossary Home 
Show: Related Terms Search Wizard Count Search History  





			Account - 




A banking or brokerage arrangement for services on a continuing basis. 













	
	
Related Terms: Account - brokerage | services |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Account - brokerage | services |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Account - brokerage | services |
Web Search Wizard: Account - brokerage | services |

ARCADE - Ampere Remote Control Access Data Entry, a BRITE-EURAM on the development of a data communications service in industrial and materials technology. Acronym: ARCADE Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: ARCADE - international | trade |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: ARCADE - international | trade |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: ARCADE - international | trade |
Web Search Wizard: ARCADE - international | trade |

ASOR - An agrement governing the rules and practice of the international transport by road of passengers on charter and other non-scheduled bus services. Acronym: ASOR Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: ASOR - international | trade |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: ASOR - international | trade |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: ASOR - international | trade |
Web Search Wizard: ASOR - international | trade |

Brokerage - A business that provides broker services; or the fee paid to a broker.

Related Terms: Brokerage - agent | broker | carrier | consign |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Brokerage - agent | broker | carrier | consign |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Brokerage - agent | broker | carrier | consign |
Web Search Wizard: Brokerage - agent | broker | carrier | consign |

Bulletin Board Service - A bulletin board is similar to a network and thus Internet. Requirements for a bulletin board are a computer, modem, and preferably bulletin board software. A bulletin board can contain directories of files (for user downloading) and e-mail facilities (where users can exchange/or post messages). Based on their access privileges, Acronym: BBS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Bulletin Board Service - computer | internet | network | software |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Bulletin Board Service - computer | internet | network | software |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Bulletin Board Service - computer | internet | network | software |
Web Search Wizard: Bulletin Board Service - computer | internet | network | software |

CALS Test Network - The CALS Test Network (CTN) is a confederation of hundreds of industry and government organizations that have agreed to evaluate and demonstrate the interchange and functional use of digital technical information using CALS standards. This is accomplished through a collaborative multi-service effort. Acronym: CTN Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Sharon J Kemmerer Department of Commerce, United States Government "CALS Testing Programs, Status and Strategy" October 1992

CIRD - Interservice Committee for Research and Development, established in 1975 as a coordinating forum for EC administrators in the field of science and technology research. Acronym: CIRD Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: CIRD - international | trade |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: CIRD - international | trade |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: CIRD - international | trade |
Web Search Wizard: CIRD - international | trade |

Commerce - The buying, selling, or trading of goods and services.

Related Terms: Commerce - goods | services |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Commerce - goods | services |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Commerce - goods | services |
Web Search Wizard: Commerce - goods | services |

Common Carrier (1) - Freight transportation company which serves the general public. May be regular route service (over designated highways on a regular basis) or irregular route (between various points on an unscheduled basis). Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Common Carrier (1) - carrier | freight | trucking |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Common Carrier (1) - carrier | freight | trucking |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Common Carrier (1) - carrier | freight | trucking |
Web Search Wizard: Common Carrier (1) - carrier | freight | trucking |

Compensated Intracorporate Hauling - Freight transportation service provided by one company for a sister company. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Compensated Intracorporate Hauling - carrier | freight | trucking |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Compensated Intracorporate Hauling - carrier | freight | trucking |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Compensated Intracorporate Hauling - carrier | freight | trucking |
Web Search Wizard: Compensated Intracorporate Hauling - carrier | freight | trucking |

Contractor Integrated Technical Information Service - A technical information service based on the integration of databases (contractor , subcontractor, and government ) contractually established and managed by the defense contractor to receive, maintain, and provide access to technical and support information on a defense system. [MIL-STD-974]ith permission from Joan Smith. Adapted from "An Introduction to CALS: Acronym: CITIS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Contractor Integrated Technical Information Service - acquisition | contracting | data | data base | defense | information management | integration | military |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Contractor Integrated Technical Information Service - acquisition | contracting | data | data base | defense | information management | integration | military |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Contractor Integrated Technical Information Service - acquisition | contracting | data | data base | defense | information management | integration | military |
Web Search Wizard: Contractor Integrated Technical Information Service - acquisition | contracting | data | data base | defense | information management | integration | military |

Drayage - A service offered by a motor carrier for the cartage of rail or ocean containers from a dock to an intermediate or final destination, or the charge for such cartage.

Related Terms: Drayage - carrier | cartage | container | dock | motor carrier | ocean | port | rail | service |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Drayage - carrier | cartage | container | dock | motor carrier | ocean | port | rail | service |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Drayage - carrier | cartage | container | dock | motor carrier | ocean | port | rail | service |
Web Search Wizard: Drayage - carrier | cartage | container | dock | motor carrier | ocean | port | rail | service |

EDI For Administration, Commerce and Transport - United Nations rules for Electronic Data Interchange for Administration, Commerce and Transport. They comprise a set of internationally agreed upon standards, directories and guidelines for the electronic interchange of structured data related to trade in goods and services between independent computerized information systems. [ISO 9735]UN/EDIFACT Introduction to UN/EDIFACT with latest Acronym: EDIFACT Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: EDI For Administration, Commerce and Transport - commerce | data | electronic data interchange | electronic funds transfer | international | standard | transport | transportation |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: EDI For Administration, Commerce and Transport - commerce | data | electronic data interchange | electronic funds transfer | international | standard | transport | transportation |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: EDI For Administration, Commerce and Transport - commerce | data | electronic data interchange | electronic funds transfer | international | standard | transport | transportation |
Web Search Wizard: EDI For Administration, Commerce and Transport - commerce | data | electronic data interchange | electronic funds transfer | international | standard | transport | transportation |

Electronic Mail (1) - Any communications service that permits the electronic transmission and storage of messages and attached/enclosed files. Acronym: E-Mail Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Electronic Mail (1) - communications | computer | internet | software | telecommunications | world wide web |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Electronic Mail (1) - communications | computer | internet | software | telecommunications | world wide web |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Electronic Mail (1) - communications | computer | internet | software | telecommunications | world wide web |
Web Search Wizard: Electronic Mail (1) - communications | computer | internet | software | telecommunications | world wide web |

Engineering Data - Any technical data (whether prepared by the Government, contractor, or vendor) relating to the specification, design, analysis, manufacture, acquisition, test, inspection or maintenance of items or services. Engineering data is comprised of all information that contains authoritative engineering definition or guidance on material, constituent items, equipment or systems practices, engineering Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-B", 1993

Related Terms: Engineering Data - contractor | data | design | engineering | manufacturing | production | support | technical data | vendor |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Engineering Data - contractor | data | design | engineering | manufacturing | production | support | technical data | vendor |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Engineering Data - contractor | data | design | engineering | manufacturing | production | support | technical data | vendor |
Web Search Wizard: Engineering Data - contractor | data | design | engineering | manufacturing | production | support | technical data | vendor |

Eurotech Alert - European Information Service for the Results of National Research, collating and analysing publicsector research in industry and technology. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Eurotech Alert - international | trade |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Eurotech Alert - international | trade |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Eurotech Alert - international | trade |
Web Search Wizard: Eurotech Alert - international | trade |

Finished Products - Goods or services that result from a production process.

Related Terms: Finished Products - goods | production | services |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Finished Products - goods | production | services |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Finished Products - goods | production | services |
Web Search Wizard: Finished Products - goods | production | services |

Flexible Computer Integrated Manufacturing - FCIM is the integration of equipment, software, communication, human resources, and business practices within an enterprise to rapidly manufacture, repair, and deliver items on demand with continuous improvements in the processes. The FCIM initiative is a Joint Service and Agency effort to establish and implement the procedures and processes needed Acronym: FCIM Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: National Security Industrial Association "CALS Expo '93, Proceedings and Reference"_

Related Terms: Flexible Computer Integrated Manufacturing - business | computer | computer-aided manufacturing | computer-integrated manufacturing | integration | management | policy | quality | software |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Flexible Computer Integrated Manufacturing - business | computer | computer-aided manufacturing | computer-integrated manufacturing | integration | management | policy | quality | software |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Flexible Computer Integrated Manufacturing - business | computer | computer-aided manufacturing | computer-integrated manufacturing | integration | management | policy | quality | software |
Web Search Wizard: Flexible Computer Integrated Manufacturing - business | computer | computer-aided manufacturing | computer-integrated manufacturing | integration | management | policy | quality | software |

Hours-of-Service - U.S. Department of Transportation safety regulations which govern the hours of service of commercial vehicle drivers engaged in interstate trucking operations. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Hours-of-Service - transportation | trucking |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Hours-of-Service - transportation | trucking |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Hours-of-Service - transportation | trucking |
Web Search Wizard: Hours-of-Service - transportation | trucking |

IES-DC - Information Exchange system - Data Collections, a directory and reference service on information technology. Acronym: IES-DC Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: IES-DC - international | trade |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: IES-DC - international | trade |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: IES-DC - international | trade |
Web Search Wizard: IES-DC - international | trade |

Information Resources Dictionary System - IRDS is a standard, not a system. It specifies services performed by a data administrator in cataloguing, documenting, managing, and using data dictionaries. It is based on the entity- relationship model, and allows attributes on relationships. Acronym: IRDS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Education Working Group, US CALS/CE Industry Steering Group Adapted from "Electronic Blue Book" 1993

Related Terms: Information Resources Dictionary System - data base | data dictionary | data standards | database management system | information management | standard | system |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Information Resources Dictionary System - data base | data dictionary | data standards | database management system | information management | standard | system |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Information Resources Dictionary System - data base | data dictionary | data standards | database management system | information management | standard | system |
Web Search Wizard: Information Resources Dictionary System - data base | data dictionary | data standards | database management system | information management | standard | system |

Integrated Services Digital Network - The technical standards and design philosophy according to which digital networks will be designed. ISDN provides high-speed, high-bandwidth channels to every subscriber on the network, achieving end-to-end digital functions with standard equipment interface devices. The networks will enable a variety of mixed digital transmission services to be accommodated at a Acronym: ISDN Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Integrated Services Digital Network - communications | integration | internet | network | standard | telecommunications |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Integrated Services Digital Network - communications | integration | internet | network | standard | telecommunications |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Integrated Services Digital Network - communications | integration | internet | network | standard | telecommunications |
Web Search Wizard: Integrated Services Digital Network - communications | integration | internet | network | standard | telecommunications |

INTERMAPS - Interactive Multimedia Access Publishing Services, a Internal Market. A common market decided upon in 1985 and implemented by the end of 1992. Acronym: INTERMAPS Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: INTERMAPS - international | trade |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: INTERMAPS - international | trade |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: INTERMAPS - international | trade |
Web Search Wizard: INTERMAPS - international | trade |

InterNIC - The official source of information about the Internet. Its goal is to: 1) provide Internet information services, 2) supervise the registration of Internet addresses, and 3) develop and provide databases that serve as white and yellow pages to the Internet. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: InterNIC - database | internet | internet address | network | uniform resource locator |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: InterNIC - database | internet | internet address | network | uniform resource locator |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: InterNIC - database | internet | internet address | network | uniform resource locator |
Web Search Wizard: InterNIC - database | internet | internet address | network | uniform resource locator |

INTERPRISE - An initiative for encouraging transnational partnerships between industries and services. Acronym: INTERPRISE Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: INTERPRISE - international | trade |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: INTERPRISE - international | trade |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: INTERPRISE - international | trade |
Web Search Wizard: INTERPRISE - international | trade |

Invoice - An itemized list of the value and quantity of goods shipped or services rendered.

Related Terms: Invoice - bill of lading | goods | inventory | services | shipment |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Invoice - bill of lading | goods | inventory | services | shipment |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Invoice - bill of lading | goods | inventory | services | shipment |
Web Search Wizard: Invoice - bill of lading | goods | inventory | services | shipment |

ISDN - Integrated Services Digital Network, a 1989 initiative to improve the international competitiveness of the telecommunications industries through the establishment of compatible and harmonized services. Acronym: ISDN Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: ISDN - international | trade |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: ISDN - international | trade |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: ISDN - international | trade |
Web Search Wizard: ISDN - international | trade |

Logbook - Book carried by truck drivers in which they record their hours of service and duty status for each 24-hour period. Required in interstate commercial trucking by the U.S. Department of Transportation. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Logbook - truck | trucking |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Logbook - truck | trucking |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Logbook - truck | trucking |
Web Search Wizard: Logbook - truck | trucking |

Logist - To perform logistics functions or processes. The act of planning, organizing and managing activities that provide goods or services. (The verb "to logist." Eg. She logisted the last operation. I will logist the next operation. I am logisting the current operation. We logist the operations. The operations are well logisted.)

Related Terms: Logist - goods | logistics | logistician | managing | organizing | planning | services |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Logist - goods | logistics | logistician | managing | organizing | planning | services |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Logist - goods | logistics | logistician | managing | organizing | planning | services |
Web Search Wizard: Logist - goods | logistics | logistician | managing | organizing | planning | services |

Logistics - The science of planning, organizing and managing activities that provide goods or services.

Related Terms: Logistics - goods | logist | logistician | managing | organizing | planning | services |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Logistics - goods | logist | logistician | managing | organizing | planning | services |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Logistics - goods | logist | logistician | managing | organizing | planning | services |
Web Search Wizard: Logistics - goods | logist | logistician | managing | organizing | planning | services |

National Information Infrastructure - A concept conceived by the Clinton Administration and an alliance of computer, software, cable, and phone companies. The proposed concept would be the electronic network of tomorrow and would use phone line, cable systems, and high-speed data-networks to link everyone, including government agencies, universities, company presidents, and private citizens. The Acronym: NII Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: National Information Infrastructure - computer | education | hardware | marketing | network | software | telecommunications |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: National Information Infrastructure - computer | education | hardware | marketing | network | software | telecommunications |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: National Information Infrastructure - computer | education | hardware | marketing | network | software | telecommunications |
Web Search Wizard: National Information Infrastructure - computer | education | hardware | marketing | network | software | telecommunications |

Real-Time (1) - The description for an operating system that responds to an external event within a short and predictable time frame. Unlike a batch or time-sharing operating system, a real-time operating system provides services or control to independent ongoing physical processes. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group Adapted from: "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993

Related Terms: Real-Time (1) - design | engineering | information | information management | modeling | network | operation | system |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Real-Time (1) - design | engineering | information | information management | modeling | network | operation | system |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Real-Time (1) - design | engineering | information | information management | modeling | network | operation | system |
Web Search Wizard: Real-Time (1) - design | engineering | information | information management | modeling | network | operation | system |

Request for Proposal - A document issued by the government to request bids for products or services. Acronym: RFP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from Joan Smith, "An Introduction to CALS: The Strategy and the Standards", 1990

Related Terms: Request for Proposal - acquisition | compliance | contracting | government | procurement | product | purchasing | request for quote | services |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Request for Proposal - acquisition | compliance | contracting | government | procurement | product | purchasing | request for quote | services |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Request for Proposal - acquisition | compliance | contracting | government | procurement | product | purchasing | request for quote | services |
Web Search Wizard: Request for Proposal - acquisition | compliance | contracting | government | procurement | product | purchasing | request for quote | services |

Request For Quote - Request For Quote is a request issued by a contracting agency to industry for quotes (proposal) in support of goods or services. Acronym: RFQ Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994

Related Terms: Request For Quote - acquisition | compliance | contracting | government | procurement | product | purchasing | request for proposal | services |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Request For Quote - acquisition | compliance | contracting | government | procurement | product | purchasing | request for proposal | services |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Request For Quote - acquisition | compliance | contracting | government | procurement | product | purchasing | request for proposal | services |
Web Search Wizard: Request For Quote - acquisition | compliance | contracting | government | procurement | product | purchasing | request for proposal | services |

SERV - Service Activities and Technological change, a FAST project. Acronym: SERV Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: SERV - international | trade |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: SERV - international | trade |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: SERV - international | trade |
Web Search Wizard: SERV - international | trade |

Single-Source Leasing - Service in which companies can lease drivers and trucks from the same source, rather than having to procure them from different companies. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Single-Source Leasing - lease | leasing | trucking |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Single-Source Leasing - lease | leasing | trucking |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Single-Source Leasing - lease | leasing | trucking |
Web Search Wizard: Single-Source Leasing - lease | leasing | trucking |

Special Telecommunication Action for Regional Development - A 1986 initiative to aid the economic and industrial development of poorer regions by enabling to participate in telecommunications technologies and services. Acronym: STAR Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Special Telecommunication Action for Regional Development - international | trade |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Special Telecommunication Action for Regional Development - international | trade |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Special Telecommunication Action for Regional Development - international | trade |
Web Search Wizard: Special Telecommunication Action for Regional Development - international | trade |

Supply - The act of furnishing or providing raw materials, goods or services.

Related Terms: Supply - raw materials | goods | services |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Supply - raw materials | goods | services |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Supply - raw materials | goods | services |
Web Search Wizard: Supply - raw materials | goods | services |

Technical Data - Includes flight manuals, operator manuals, maintenance instructions (organizational, intermediate, and depot levels), illustrated parts breakdowns, time compliance technical orders (TCTOs), and commercial manuals required to operate, maintain, service, repair, overhaul, and modify the systems, subsystems, or equipment acquired by the Air Force. Reference: Air Force Institute of Technology, Graduate School of Acquisition and Logistics

Related Terms: Technical Data - acquisition | integrated logistics support | logistics | military |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Technical Data - acquisition | integrated logistics support | logistics | military |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Technical Data - acquisition | integrated logistics support | logistics | military |
Web Search Wizard: Technical Data - acquisition | integrated logistics support | logistics | military |

Value-Added Network - A system where a network leases communication lines from a communications common carrier, enhances them by adding improvements such as error detection and/or faster response time, and then allows others to use this service on those lines for a fee. Acronym: VAN Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Source: RT Crowley "EDI Charting a Course to the Future" 1993

Related Terms: Value-Added Network - communications | information management | internet | network | quality | telecommunications | world wide web |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Value-Added Network - communications | information management | internet | network | quality | telecommunications | world wide web |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Value-Added Network - communications | information management | internet | network | quality | telecommunications | world wide web |
Web Search Wizard: Value-Added Network - communications | information management | internet | network | quality | telecommunications | world wide web |

Volume - The rate of movement or flow of goods, services, money, or people.

Related Terms: Volume - movement | services |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Volume - movement | services |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Volume - movement | services |
Web Search Wizard: Volume - movement | services |


Search History: [ service ]




Unless otherwise indicated, all entries in the LogisticsWorld Logistics Glossary are copyright 1997, Matthew D. Cox, logistics@logisticsworld.com.

 

WWW Virtual Library of Logistics
Ver 4, Sep, 1999, Matthew D. Cox, logistics@logisticsworld.com
Sponsored by LogisticsWorld.
Copyright 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999 MDC, All rights reserved.