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			ANNIE - 




Application of Neutral Networks for Industry in Europe, an ESPRIT project. 




 Acronym: ANNIE





 Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm





	
	
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APRYCLEE - A network of national information centres of information technologies. Acronym: APRYCLEE Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Backbone - A central high speed network that connects smaller, independent networks. the NSFnet is an example. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Backbone - communications | internet | network | telecommunications |
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Bulletin Board Service - A bulletin board is similar to a network and thus Internet. Requirements for a bulletin board are a computer, modem, and preferably bulletin board software. A bulletin board can contain directories of files (for user downloading) and e-mail facilities (where users can exchange/or post messages). Based on their access privileges, Acronym: BBS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Bulletin Board Service - computer | internet | network | software |
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Business Cooperation Centre - A liaison office of the Commission providing both it and European enterprsies with information on regulations and marketing, also operating a Business Cooperation Network (BC-NET) to encourage collaboration between enterprises. Acronym: BCC Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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CALS Test Network - The CALS Test Network (CTN) is a confederation of hundreds of industry and government organizations that have agreed to evaluate and demonstrate the interchange and functional use of digital technical information using CALS standards. This is accomplished through a collaborative multi-service effort. Acronym: CTN Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Sharon J Kemmerer Department of Commerce, United States Government "CALS Testing Programs, Status and Strategy" October 1992

CHRISTINE - Characteristics and Requirements of Information Systems based on Traffic Data in an Integrated Network Environment, a DRIVE project. Acronym: CHRISTINE Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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COMEDI - Commerce Electronic Data Interchange, a 1993 initiative on developing a trans-European statistical information and telematics infrastructure and network. Acronym: COMEDI Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Destination System - The computer hardware, software, and network receiving transferred data. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-B", 1993

Related Terms: Destination System - computer | data | hardware | network | software | system |
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Distributed Database - A database whose objects (tables, views, columns and files) reside on more than one system in a network, and can be accessed or updated from any system in the network. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Distributed Database - data | data base | distributed systems | network | software | system |
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Distributed Systems - Refers to computer systems in multiple locations throughout an organization working in a cooperative fashion, with the system at each location serving the needs of that location but also able to receive information from other systems, and supply information to other systems within the network. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Distributed Systems - data | data base | distributed database | network | software | system |
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ECDIN - Environmental Chemicals Data and Information Network, a database. Acronym: ECDIN Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Energy Sciences Network - This is a Department of Energy (DOE) system that provides the full text of select DOE documents. Many of these documents are related to computers and information policy. It also contains gateways to a variety of energy-related sources and downloadable public domain software. Acronym: ESnet Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Energy Sciences Network - energy | government | network | policy |
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ENOS - European Network of Ocean Stations, a COST project. Acronym: ENOS Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: ENOS - international | trade |
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European Business and Innovation Centre Network - An agency to assist smaller enterprises to benefit from competition policy and the internal market. Acronym: EBN Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: European Business and Innovation Centre Network - international | trade |
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EUROTECNET - European Technical Network, a series of projects on vocational training and information technology, established in 1985. Acronym: EUROTECNET Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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EURYCLEC - A network of national information centres specializing in information technology. Acronym: EURYCLEC Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Government Open Systems Interconnection Profile - The U.S. government's OSI protocols that address communication and inter-operation of computer systems across government agencies; they mandate that network procurements comply with the Open System Interconnection model. [ed. The Canadian Government also endorses GOSIP] .e. TBITS.] Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993. Acronym: GOSIP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Government Open Systems Interconnection Profile - communications | computer | government | information management | network | procurement |
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Information Superhighway - The Information Superhighway is a network that will potentially connect every government agency, business, and citizen providing a means of rapid access to information (in digital form) and electronic communication to every business and citizen in the country. This vision is an unprecedented nationwide (and ultimately worldwide) electronic communications network Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Information Superhighway - commerce | communications | electronic commerce | information management | internet | marketing | telecommunications | trade | world wide web |
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Integrated Services Digital Network - The technical standards and design philosophy according to which digital networks will be designed. ISDN provides high-speed, high-bandwidth channels to every subscriber on the network, achieving end-to-end digital functions with standard equipment interface devices. The networks will enable a variety of mixed digital transmission services to be accommodated at a Acronym: ISDN Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Integrated Services Digital Network - communications | integration | internet | network | standard | telecommunications |
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International Standards Organization/Open System Interconnection - A standard, modular approach to network design that divides the required set of complex functions into manageable, self- contained, functional layers. Acronym: ISO/OSI Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: International Standards Organization/Open System Interconnection - design | international standards organization | network | open system | standard | system |
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Internet (1) - An electronic network of computers that includes nearly every university, government, and research facility in the world. Also include are many commercial sites. The Internet is the closest thing that we have the Information Superhighway. It started with four interconnected computers in 1969 and was known as ARPAnet. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Internet (1) - ARPANet | communications | computer | hardware | information management | internic | markup | network | protocol | software | telecommunications | whois | world wide web |
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ISDN - Integrated Services Digital Network, a 1989 initiative to improve the international competitiveness of the telecommunications industries through the establishment of compatible and harmonized services. Acronym: ISDN Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Layer - In the Open System Interconnection reference model, refers to a collection of related network-processing functions that constitute one level of a hierarchy of functions. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993_I_____L_

Related Terms: Layer - hardware | internet | network | open system | software |
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Local Area Network (1) - A user-owned and operated data transmission facility connecting a number of communicating devices (e.g. computers, terminals, word processors, printers, and mass storage units) within a single building or campus of buildings. Acronym: LAN Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with the permission of: Gartner Group, Inc Information Technology Glossary Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Local Area Network (1) - business | computer | data | information management | internet | network | wide area network |
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MINE - Microbial Information Network Europe, part of the Biotechnology Action Programme (BAP). Acronym: MINE Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Multimedia - Used essentially to define applications and technologies that manipulate text, data, images and voice full motion video objects. Typically associated with PCs, but increasingly associated with networked-based applications. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Multimedia - computer | design | education | file | hardware | information management | marketing | network | premo | software | telecommunications |
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National Information Infrastructure - A concept conceived by the Clinton Administration and an alliance of computer, software, cable, and phone companies. The proposed concept would be the electronic network of tomorrow and would use phone line, cable systems, and high-speed data-networks to link everyone, including government agencies, universities, company presidents, and private citizens. The Acronym: NII Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: National Information Infrastructure - computer | education | hardware | marketing | network | software | telecommunications |
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National Research and Education Network - The High-Performance Computing and Communications Act of 1991 (sponsored by Vice-President Gore) was a bill that created the NREN. NREN will use the Internet to provide information resource connection not only to universities, research centers and government agencies, but also to secondary and elementary schools. The bill provides $2.9 billion Acronym: NREN Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: National Research and Education Network - education | government | internet | network | research | world wide web |
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NETT - See Network for Environmental Technology Transfer. Acronym: NETT Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: NETT - international | trade | Network for Environmental Technology Transfer |
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Network Driver Interface Specification - A Microsoft specification for a type of device driver that allows multiple transport protocols to run on one network card simultaneously. Acronym: NDIS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Network Driver Interface Specification - computer | network | protocol | software | specification |
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Network for Environmental Technology Transfer - An initiative on developing and applying environmentally friendly technologies through improved collaboration between industries and scientists. Acronym: NETT Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Network for Environmental Technology Transfer - international | trade |
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Network News Transport Protocol - An extension of the TCP/IP protocol that describes how newsgroup messages are transported between compatible servers. Acronym: NNTP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Network News Transport Protocol - communications | computer | electronic mail | internet | newsgroup | protocol | transmission control protocol/internet protocol | world wide web |
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Node (1) - A Node is a termination point for two or more communication links. The Node serves as the control location for forwarding data among the elements of a network or multiple networks, as well as perform other networking, and in some cases, local processing functions. In systems network architecture, a node Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Node (1) - communications | computer | data | hardware | internet | network | software |
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Open Systems Interconnection - A standard approach to network design developed by the International Standards Organization that introduces modularity by dividing the complex set of functions into more manageable, self- contained, functional slices. Acronym: OSI Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with the permission of: Gartner Group, Inc Information Technology Glossary Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Open Systems Interconnection - design | hardware | international standards organization | network | open system | protocol | software | standard |
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Organizations for the Promotion of Energy Technology - A network of organizations active in the promotion of technology, established in conjunction with theTHERMIE programme. Acronym: OPET Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Packet Internet Gopher - A TCP/IP utility that sends packets of information to a computer on a network. It can be used to determine if a computer is connected to the Internet. Acronym: PING Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Packet Internet Gopher - gopher | information | internet | network | protocol | transmission control protocol/internet protocol | world wide web |
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POLIS - A DRIVE project on a cooperative network of European cities based on advanced transport telematics. Acronym: POLIS Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Protocol (2) - A set of rules (priorities) and exception handlers for managing the communications on a network. A set of rules or standards that describes ways to operate to achieve compatibility. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Protocol (2) - exchange | file transfer protocol | interchange | interface | internet protocol | network news transport protocol | point-to-point protocol | serial line internet protocol | simple mail transfer protocol | transmission control protocol/internet protocol |
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RESEAU - A database and monitoring network in CADDIA on environmental, agricultural and urban development. Acronym: RESEAU Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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SCENT - System Customs Enforcement Network, a structure for the exchange of urgent information between national authorities on fraudulent evasion of customs and agricultural regulations, as well as on drug trafficking. Acronym: SCENT Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Source System - The computer hardware, software, and network that will structure technical information for interchange. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-A" 1993

Related Terms: Source System - computer | hardware | interchange | network | software | system |
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Technical Information Systems - The generic term for the enterprise network of existing and augmented automated data processing systems used by government and contractors for management of technical information in support of the design, manufacture, and logistic processes for products such as weapon systems and related major equipment items. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-A" 1993

Related Terms: Technical Information Systems - business | data | design | enterprise | information management | manufacturing | network | system |
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Trans-European Networks - A concept introduced by the Treaty on European Union, committing the EC to networks in energy, telecommunications and transport, to improve cohesion. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Trans-European Networks - international | trade |
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Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol - A compilation of network and transport level protocols that allow a PC to speak the same language as other PCs on the Internet or other networks. Acronym: TCP/IP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol - computer | interchange | interface | internet | internet protocol | network | protocol | software | standard | telecommunications | world wide web |
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Transport (1) - A network or telecommunications transmission protocol; a set of rules for the transfer of analog or digital data.

Related Terms: Transport (1) - exchange | interface | interchange | network | telecommunications | protocol |
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User Network - A public network made up of thousands of newsgroups and organized by topic. Acronym: USENET Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: User Network - interchange | internet | local area network | network | newsgroup | server | value-added network | wide-area network | world wide web |
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LogisticsWorld Acronyms: User Network - interchange | internet | local area network | network | newsgroup | server | value-added network | wide-area network | world wide web |
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Value-Added Network - A system where a network leases communication lines from a communications common carrier, enhances them by adding improvements such as error detection and/or faster response time, and then allows others to use this service on those lines for a fee. Acronym: VAN Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Source: RT Crowley "EDI Charting a Course to the Future" 1993

Related Terms: Value-Added Network - communications | information management | internet | network | quality | telecommunications | world wide web |
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LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Value-Added Network - communications | information management | internet | network | quality | telecommunications | world wide web |
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Wide-Area Network - A data transmission facility that connects geographically dispersed sites using long-haul networking facilities. Acronym: WAN Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993

Related Terms: Wide-Area Network - data | local area network | network | user network | server | value-added network | wide area information server |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: Wide-Area Network - data | local area network | network | user network | server | value-added network | wide area information server |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: Wide-Area Network - data | local area network | network | user network | server | value-added network | wide area information server |
Web Search Wizard: Wide-Area Network - data | local area network | network | user network | server | value-added network | wide area information server |

World Wide Web (1) - A network of servers that uses hypertext links to find and access files. Many Web sites also support video and sound. Acronym: WWW Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: World Wide Web (1) - commerce | communications | computer | hardware | hypertext | information | internet | marketing | markup | network | protocol | server | software | trade |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: World Wide Web (1) - commerce | communications | computer | hardware | hypertext | information | internet | marketing | markup | network | protocol | server | software | trade |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: World Wide Web (1) - commerce | communications | computer | hardware | hypertext | information | internet | marketing | markup | network | protocol | server | software | trade |
Web Search Wizard: World Wide Web (1) - commerce | communications | computer | hardware | hypertext | information | internet | marketing | markup | network | protocol | server | software | trade |

X.25 - A data communication protocol that ensures data integrity while data is being transmitted to, from and within the network. This standard defines the interconnection of packet-switching networks and their associated computers or terminals. These types of networks make efficient use of the telecommunications networks by taking the data generated by Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: X.25 - computer | data | exchange | interface | network | protocol | standard | telecommunications | X.400 | X.500 |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: X.25 - computer | data | exchange | interface | network | protocol | standard | telecommunications | X.400 | X.500 |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: X.25 - computer | data | exchange | interface | network | protocol | standard | telecommunications | X.400 | X.500 |
Web Search Wizard: X.25 - computer | data | exchange | interface | network | protocol | standard | telecommunications | X.400 | X.500 |

X.500 - The establishment of any global interconnected network, requires a directory. The standard for establishing such a directory is X.500, which enables users to browse through user listings as though they were looking through a telephone book. Ed. a CCITT Standard]on from: Industry Canada. "Canadian Participation in the Development of EDI Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: X.500 - computer | data | exchange | interface | network | protocol | standard | telecommunications | X.25 | X.400 |
LogisticsWorld Database Search: X.500 - computer | data | exchange | interface | network | protocol | standard | telecommunications | X.25 | X.400 |
LogisticsWorld Acronyms: X.500 - computer | data | exchange | interface | network | protocol | standard | telecommunications | X.25 | X.400 |
Web Search Wizard: X.500 - computer | data | exchange | interface | network | protocol | standard | telecommunications | X.25 | X.400 |


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Unless otherwise indicated, all entries in the LogisticsWorld Logistics Glossary are copyright 1997, Matthew D. Cox, logistics@logisticsworld.com.

 

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