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			Ada - 




A computer language designed as a standard for U.S. government and NATO procurements. Ada is a required language for mission-critical projects. 









 Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993





	
	
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American Standard Code for Information Interchange - The American Standard Code for Information Interchange is used extensively in data transmission. The ASCII character set includes 128 upper and lower case letters, numerals and special purpose symbols, each encoded by a unique 7-bit binary number. ASCII text is a subset of the ASCII character set consisting principally of Acronym: ASCII Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Standard 1840-B" 3 November 1992

Related Terms: American Standard Code for Information Interchange - computer | specification | standard |
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ATMOSPHERE - Atmospheric Monitoring System for Protection of Health and Environment from Risky Emissions, an Atmospheric Pollution. An element of environment policy since the mid-1980s, with several directives on car emissions and industrial pollution. Future proposals include the introduction of a carbon tax. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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AVIS - The statement isued by the Commission on the acceptability of a formal application by a state for EC membership. Acronym: AVIS Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Baud - A measurement of signaling speed of a data transmission device Baud rate does not equal bits per second. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Baud - communications | data | internet | telecommunications |
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Business Cooperation Centre - A liaison office of the Commission providing both it and European enterprsies with information on regulations and marketing, also operating a Business Cooperation Network (BC-NET) to encourage collaboration between enterprises. Acronym: BCC Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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CACTI - Common Agricultural Customs Transmission of Information, part of CADDIA. Acronym: CACTI Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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CB Radio - Two-way radio for which no license is required by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). Long beyond its heyday in the '70s, CB is still used by truckers and motorists for everything from traffic condition reports to emergency calls to idle chatter. Acronym: CB Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: CB Radio - citizen's band radio | trucking |
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CCITT Group 4 - This CALS standard for raster graphics incorporates tiling, which divides a large image into smaller tiles. Graphic files are exchanged in CCITT/4 format in a compressed state so they take up much less file space. [MIL-D-28002, FIPS 150] Included with permission from: ArborText. "Getting Started with SGML. 1992" Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: CCITT Group 4 - continuous acquisition and life-cycle support | military | standard | technology |
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Citizen's Band Radio - Two-way radio for which no license is required by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). Long beyond its heyday in the '70s, CB is still used by truckers and motorists for everything from traffic condition reports to emergency calls to idle chatter. Acronym: CB Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

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Common Carrier Legislation - Requires energy transmission systems to carry energy between any third party supplier and the consumer at a reasonable tariff. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Competition Policy - The objective of achieving a balance between imposing necessary restrictions upon unrestrained economic competition, and the removal of damaging restrictive economic practices by enterprises and governments that prevent a coherent integration of the EC market. It is underwritten by the EC treaties, which give the Commission substantial investigatory and punitive Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Contractor Integrated Technical Information Service - A technical information service based on the integration of databases (contractor , subcontractor, and government ) contractually established and managed by the defense contractor to receive, maintain, and provide access to technical and support information on a defense system. [MIL-STD-974]ith permission from Joan Smith. Adapted from "An Introduction to CALS: Acronym: CITIS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Contractor Integrated Technical Information Service - acquisition | contracting | data | data base | defense | information management | integration | military |
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Cooperation in Automation of Data and Documentation for Imports/Exports and Agriculture - An electronic information structure for the collection, storage, transmission and exchange of information, using new developments in information technology and telecommunications. Acronym: CADDIA Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Delors I - A 1987 package of Budget proposals put forward by the Commission as a response to EC funding problems, intended to enable the EC to realise the aim of implementing the internal market by the end of 1992. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Driveline - All the components which together transmit power from the transmission to the drive axle(s). These consist of at least one driveshaft (propeller shaft) with a universal joint at each end. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Driveline - axle | drivetrain | engine | powertrain | truck | trucking |
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Drivetrain - All the components, excluding engine, which transmit the engine's power to the rear wheels: clutch, transmission, driveline and drive axle(s). Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

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Electronic Mail (1) - Any communications service that permits the electronic transmission and storage of messages and attached/enclosed files. Acronym: E-Mail Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Electronic Mail (1) - communications | computer | internet | software | telecommunications | world wide web |
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ENEX - A Commission database on environmental research. Acronym: ENEX Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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ENGUIDE - A Commission database of bibliographic information on the environment. Acronym: ENGUIDE Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Exempt Carrier - Company which transports commodities exempted from Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) economic regulation. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

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Flexible Computer Integrated Manufacturing - FCIM is the integration of equipment, software, communication, human resources, and business practices within an enterprise to rapidly manufacture, repair, and deliver items on demand with continuous improvements in the processes. The FCIM initiative is a Joint Service and Agency effort to establish and implement the procedures and processes needed Acronym: FCIM Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: National Security Industrial Association "CALS Expo '93, Proceedings and Reference"_

Related Terms: Flexible Computer Integrated Manufacturing - business | computer | computer-aided manufacturing | computer-integrated manufacturing | integration | management | policy | quality | software |
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Fully Mission Capable - A system in which all supporting subsystems are fully functional. Acronym: FMC

Related Terms: Fully Mission Capable - mission | not mission capable | partially mission capable |
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Gear Ratio - Number, usually expressed as a decimal fraction, representing how many turns of the input shaft cause exactly one revolution of the output shaft. Applies to transmissions, power takeoffs, power dividers and rear axles. Example: If 2.5 revolutions of an input shaft cause one revolution of the output shaft, the gear Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

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Geared Speed - Calculated vehicle speed at the engine's governed rpm in each transmission gear, or (commonly) in top gear. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Geared Speed - engine | truck | trucking |
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Industrial Policy - A relatively uncoordinated policy area, but a general industrial policy was proposed in a 1990 Commission discussion paper. Collectively, EC action in a number of policy sectors can be said to constitute an industrial policy. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Integrated Services Digital Network - The technical standards and design philosophy according to which digital networks will be designed. ISDN provides high-speed, high-bandwidth channels to every subscriber on the network, achieving end-to-end digital functions with standard equipment interface devices. The networks will enable a variety of mixed digital transmission services to be accommodated at a Acronym: ISDN Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Integrated Services Digital Network - communications | integration | internet | network | standard | telecommunications |
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IRIS - A Commission initiative on promoting awareness of the value of information technologies among women. Acronym: IRIS Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Jack Brake - Device used to assist brakes in slowing the vehicle. The most common type of retarder on over-the-road trucks manipulates the engine's valves to create engine drag. (This type is commonly referred to as "Jake Brake" because the predominant manufacturer is Jacobs Vehicle Equipment Co.) Other types of retarders include exhaust Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

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Local Area Network (1) - A user-owned and operated data transmission facility connecting a number of communicating devices (e.g. computers, terminals, word processors, printers, and mass storage units) within a single building or campus of buildings. Acronym: LAN Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with the permission of: Gartner Group, Inc Information Technology Glossary Executive Reference, 1993

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Maintenance Planning - The process of identifying and arranging, in an orderly manner, all required elements of the maintenance/repair support capability necessary to ensure Air Force systems, subsystems, and equipment are capable of performing their operational missions until phase-out or retirement. Reference: Air Force Institute of Technology, Graduate School of Acquisition and Logistics

Related Terms: Maintenance Planning - acquisition | integrated logistics support | logistics | military |
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Management Committees - Agencies within the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), one for each product, which advise the Commission on a uniform application of EC legislation and on fixing levels of export refunds and import levies. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Manifest Crisis - A declaration of what amounts to a state of emergency in the coal or steel industry which, if applied, gives the Commission wide authoritarian powers over Member States and industrial enterprises. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Modulator-Demodulator - A device that converts digital signals from a computer to analog signals for transmission over phone lines. Acronym: MODEM Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Modulator-Demodulator - communications | computer | data | hardware | internet | software | telecommunications | world wide web |
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Not Mission Capable - A system in which several supporting subsystems are not functioning properly, or a few key systems are not functioning at acceptable levels. Also, a system in which a single critical system is not functioning. Acronym: NMC

Related Terms: Not Mission Capable - fully mission capable | mission | partially mission capable |
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Operation - An activity or event; the manner in which something works; a procedure or process; a military mission or campaign; or a state of functioning or performing.

Related Terms: Operation - function | military | mission | operations | operations management | performance | process |
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Overdrive - Gearing in which less than one revolution of a transmission's input shaft causes one turn of the output shaft. The purpose of overdrive is to reduce engine rpm in high gear for better fuel economy. Example: A transmission with an overdrive top gear has a ratio of 0.70 to one. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

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Partially Mission Capable - A system in which critical supporting subsystems are functional.

Related Terms: Partially Mission Capable - fully mission capable | mission | not mission capable |
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Power Takeoff - Device used to transmit engine power to auxiliary equipment. A PTO often drives a hydraulic pump, which can power a dump body, concrete mixer or refuse packer. Some designs mount to a standard opening on the transmission, while others attach at the front or rear of the engine. Acronym: PTO Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

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Powertrain - All the components, excluding engine, which transmit the engine's power to the rear wheels: clutch, transmission, driveline and drive axle(s). Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Powertrain - drivetrain | trucking |
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Protocol (1) - A set of procedures for establishing and controlling data transmission. Examples include IBM's BSC (Binary Synchronous Communications) and SDLC (Synchronous Data Link Control) protocols. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994

Related Terms: Protocol (1) - exchange | file transfer protocol | interchange | interface | internet protocol | network news transport protocol | point-to-point protocol | serial line internet protocol | simple mail transfer protocol | transmission control protocol/internet protocol |
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Retarder - Device used to assist brakes in slowing the vehicle. The most common type of retarder on over-the-road trucks manipulates the engine's valves to create engine drag. (This type is commonly referred to as "Jake Brake" because the predominant manufacturer is Jacobs Vehicle Equipment Co.) Other types of retarders include exhaust Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Retarder - jack brake | trucking |
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Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprise Task force - A Commission agency providing advice and assistance to smaller companies on EC competition policy and the internal market. Acronym: SME Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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STRADA - Standardization of Traffic Data Transmission and Management. a DRIVE project. Acronym: STRADA Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Support Equipment - All equipment (mobile or fixed) required to support the operation and maintenance of weapon systems, except that which is an integral part of the mission equipment. Acronym: SE Reference: Air Force Institute of Technology, Graduate School of Acquisition and Logistics

Related Terms: Support Equipment - acquisition | integrated logistics support | logistics | military |
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Synchronized Transmission - Transmission with built-in mechanisms to automatically "equalize" the speed of its gears to allow smooth shifting without the need to double-clutch. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

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Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol - A compilation of network and transport level protocols that allow a PC to speak the same language as other PCs on the Internet or other networks. Acronym: TCP/IP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol - computer | interchange | interface | internet | internet protocol | network | protocol | software | standard | telecommunications | world wide web |
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Transport (1) - A network or telecommunications transmission protocol; a set of rules for the transfer of analog or digital data.

Related Terms: Transport (1) - exchange | interface | interchange | network | telecommunications | protocol |
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White Paper - A 1985 Commission document outlining the steps required to complete the internal market. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Wide-Area Network - A data transmission facility that connects geographically dispersed sites using long-haul networking facilities. Acronym: WAN Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993

Related Terms: Wide-Area Network - data | local area network | network | user network | server | value-added network | wide area information server |
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X.400 - Defines the special rules for transmission of a message which may include text, pictures, and graphics, and allows information to be transmitted between computers, without specific manufacturer restrictions. [Ed. a series of recommendations from CCITT]. Adapted from: "Canadian Participation in the Development of EDI Standards" 1991. Included with permission from:Industry Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: X.400 - computer | data | exchange | interface | network | protocol | standard | telecommunications | X.25 | X.500 |
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Unless otherwise indicated, all entries in the LogisticsWorld Logistics Glossary are copyright 1997, Matthew D. Cox, logistics@logisticsworld.com.

 

WWW Virtual Library of Logistics
Ver 4, Sep, 1999, Matthew D. Cox, logistics@logisticsworld.com
Sponsored by LogisticsWorld.
Copyright 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999 MDC, All rights reserved.