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			ARPAnet - 




The name by which the Internet was originally know. 









 Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency





	
	
Related Terms: ARPAnet - internet | military | network | world wide web |

Bulletin Board Service - A bulletin board is similar to a network and thus Internet. Requirements for a bulletin board are a computer, modem, and preferably bulletin board software. A bulletin board can contain directories of files (for user downloading) and e-mail facilities (where users can exchange/or post messages). Based on their access privileges, Acronym: BBS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Bulletin Board Service - computer | internet | network | software |

Domain Name System - A scheme for translating numeric Internet addresses into strings of word segments denoting user names and locations. Acronym: DNS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Domain Name System - communications | internet | internet address | network | uniform resource locator |

Finger - A software tool used to determine whether another user is logged on to the Internet. It can also be used to find out a user's address. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Finger - computer | communications | data | internet | protocol | software |

Firewall - A computer system that sits between the Internet and a company's LAN. It is a means of automatically limiting what a company's computer system will pass along to outside computer systems. It acts as an active gateway to keep non-company entities from accessing company confidential data. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Firewall - computer | hardware | local area network | network | security | software |

Frequently Asked Questions - A FAQ is a list of frequently asked questions. On the Internet a FAQ may exist as a feature of an interest groups or be a mailing list. Each FAQ addresses a specific topic with a list of questions and their answers. Acronym: FAQs Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Frequently Asked Questions - computer | data | electronic mail | information management | internet | management | service | world wide web |

Hypertext Markup Language - A subset of SGML which was developed with a standard DTD for hyperlinked text and graphics accessable on the Internet's World Wide Web. Acronym: HTML Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Hypertext Markup Language - document | document type | hyperlink | internet | markup | standard | standard generalized markup language |

Information Superhighway - The Information Superhighway is a network that will potentially connect every government agency, business, and citizen providing a means of rapid access to information (in digital form) and electronic communication to every business and citizen in the country. This vision is an unprecedented nationwide (and ultimately worldwide) electronic communications network Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Information Superhighway - commerce | communications | electronic commerce | information management | internet | marketing | telecommunications | trade | world wide web |

Internet (1) - An electronic network of computers that includes nearly every university, government, and research facility in the world. Also include are many commercial sites. The Internet is the closest thing that we have the Information Superhighway. It started with four interconnected computers in 1969 and was known as ARPAnet. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Internet (1) - ARPANet | communications | computer | hardware | information management | internic | markup | network | protocol | software | telecommunications | whois | world wide web |

Internet Protocol - A standard that describes how packets of data are transported across the Internet and recognized as an incoming message. Acronym: IP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Internet Protocol - application protocol | computer | file transfer protocol | internet | standard | software |

Internet Relay Chat (1) - A software tool that makes it possible to hold real-time keyboard conversations on-line. Acronym: IRC Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Internet Relay Chat (1) - communications | internet | software |

InterNIC - The official source of information about the Internet. Its goal is to: 1) provide Internet information services, 2) supervise the registration of Internet addresses, and 3) develop and provide databases that serve as white and yellow pages to the Internet. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: InterNIC - database | internet | internet address | network | uniform resource locator |

Mosaic - Windows-like product for exploring the Internet that is available free in Cyberspace, CompuServe, America On-line, and many bulletin boards. Mosaic was developed by the National Center for Supercomputing Applications at University of Illinois and was funded with tax dollars. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Mosaic - document | file | hypertext | internet | software | world wide web |

National Research and Education Network - The High-Performance Computing and Communications Act of 1991 (sponsored by Vice-President Gore) was a bill that created the NREN. NREN will use the Internet to provide information resource connection not only to universities, research centers and government agencies, but also to secondary and elementary schools. The bill provides $2.9 billion Acronym: NREN Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: National Research and Education Network - education | government | internet | network | research | world wide web |

Newsgroup (1) - A BBS-like forum or conference area where you can post messages on a specified topic. Many newsgroups covering a wide range of topics exist on the Internet. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Newsgroup (1) - bulletin board system | communications | computer | electronic mail | internet | network news transport protocol | protocol | world wide web |

Packet Internet Gopher - A TCP/IP utility that sends packets of information to a computer on a network. It can be used to determine if a computer is connected to the Internet. Acronym: PING Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Packet Internet Gopher - gopher | information | internet | network | protocol | transmission control protocol/internet protocol | world wide web |

Serial Line IP/Point-to-Point Protocol - Two protocols that allow dial-up access to the Internet through a serial link. Most Internet access packages support both, through you can use only one at a time. Acronym: SLIP/PPP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Serial Line IP/Point-to-Point Protocol - computer | internet | internet protocol | modem | point-to-point protocol | protocol | standard | telecommunications | standard |

Simple Mail Transfer Protocol - A protocol that describes how information is passed between reporting devices and data collection programs. It can be used to gather information about hosts on the Internet. Acronym: SMTP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Simple Mail Transfer Protocol - computer | electronic mail | internet | network protocol | protocol | world wide web |

Telnet (1) - A terminal emulation protocol that lets you logon to other computers on the internet. Once logged on you can retrieve files from or send files to that remote computer. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Telnet (1) - communications | computer | internet | protocol | software | world wide web |

Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol - A compilation of network and transport level protocols that allow a PC to speak the same language as other PCs on the Internet or other networks. Acronym: TCP/IP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol - computer | interchange | interface | internet | internet protocol | network | protocol | software | standard | telecommunications | world wide web |

WHOIS - A TCP/IP utility that lets you query compatible servers for detailed information about other Internet users. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: WHOIS - data base | internet | internic | transmission control protocol/internet protocol | world wide web |


Unless otherwise indicated, all entries in the LogisticsWorld Logistics Glossary are copyright 1997, Matthew D. Cox, logistics@logisticsworld.com.

 

WWW Virtual Library of Logistics
Ver 4, Sep, 1999, Matthew D. Cox, logistics@logisticsworld.com
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Copyright 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999 MDC, All rights reserved.