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			Ada - 




A computer language designed as a standard for U.S. government and NATO procurements. Ada is a required language for mission-critical projects. 









 Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993





	
	
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American National Standards Institute (1) - The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) is a privately funded, non-profit organization which coordinates the development of voluntary standards in the United States and is the agency that approves standards (as American National Standards). It coordinates and manages U.S. participation in the work of several non-governmental international standards organizations, including Acronym: ANSI Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994

Related Terms: American National Standards Institute (1) - industry | specification | standard | technology |
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Application Protocol - Defines the context for the use of product data and specifies the use of the standard in that context to satisfy an industrial need. [Associated with STEP] , United States Government. "Military Standard 1840-B" 3 November 1992. Acronym: AP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Application Protocol - application | application profile | data | industry | military | standard for the exchange of product model data | trade |
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Bridge Formula - A bridge protection formula used by federal and state governments to regulate the amount of weight that can be put on each of a vehicle's axles, and how far apart the axles (or groups of axles) must be to legally carry a given weight. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

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CALS Test Network - The CALS Test Network (CTN) is a confederation of hundreds of industry and government organizations that have agreed to evaluate and demonstrate the interchange and functional use of digital technical information using CALS standards. This is accomplished through a collaborative multi-service effort. Acronym: CTN Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Sharon J Kemmerer Department of Commerce, United States Government "CALS Testing Programs, Status and Strategy" October 1992

Competition Policy - The objective of achieving a balance between imposing necessary restrictions upon unrestrained economic competition, and the removal of damaging restrictive economic practices by enterprises and governments that prevent a coherent integration of the EC market. It is underwritten by the EC treaties, which give the Commission substantial investigatory and punitive Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Computer-Based Training - Training which is delivered via a computer. Computer-based training includes tutorials, drill and practice, simulations, testing and may also include embedded training. Computer-based training programs are already delivered in digital form to the government. Acronym: CBT Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government Adapted from: "Military Handbook 59-B", 1993

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Contractor Integrated Technical Information Service - A technical information service based on the integration of databases (contractor , subcontractor, and government ) contractually established and managed by the defense contractor to receive, maintain, and provide access to technical and support information on a defense system. [MIL-STD-974]ith permission from Joan Smith. Adapted from "An Introduction to CALS: Acronym: CITIS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Contractor Integrated Technical Information Service - acquisition | contracting | data | data base | defense | information management | integration | military |
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Coordination Group - Free Movement - An intergovernmental body established in 1990 by the European Council to check on preparation for the ending of national border control during the implementation of the internal market. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Defacto Standard - A standard which has been endorsed by industry or government, but not officially approved by an accredited standards body such as ISO. Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Defacto Standard - continuous acquisition and life-cycle support | industry | international standards organization | proprietary standard | standard |
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Deregulation (1) - The ending of unnecessary economic rules or governmental practice through measures intended to remove all restrictions to trade within the EC. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Engineering Data - Any technical data (whether prepared by the Government, contractor, or vendor) relating to the specification, design, analysis, manufacture, acquisition, test, inspection or maintenance of items or services. Engineering data is comprised of all information that contains authoritative engineering definition or guidance on material, constituent items, equipment or systems practices, engineering Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-B", 1993

Related Terms: Engineering Data - contractor | data | design | engineering | manufacturing | production | support | technical data | vendor |
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European Bank for Reconstruction and Development - Established in 1991 to provide financial aid to Eastern European countries that adopted a democratic form of government and had drawn up a strategy for transforming themselves into market economies. Acronym: EBRD Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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European Coal and Steel Community - Established in 1951 to develop a common market in coal and steel. The first European organization to possess the supranational principle, with substantial powers over national governments and enterprises. Acronym: ECSC Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Foreign Trade Zone - An area designated by the government of a country for free trade; a port, city, or region designated for free trade. Acronym: FTZ

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Free Trade Zone - An area designated by the government of a country for free trade; a port, city, or region designated for free trade. Acronym: FTZ

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Free Zone - An area designated by the government of a country for free trade; a port, city, or region designated for free trade. Acronym: FZ

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Government Open Systems Interconnection Profile - The U.S. government's OSI protocols that address communication and inter-operation of computer systems across government agencies; they mandate that network procurements comply with the Open System Interconnection model. [ed. The Canadian Government also endorses GOSIP] .e. TBITS.] Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993. Acronym: GOSIP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Government Open Systems Interconnection Profile - communications | computer | government | information management | network | procurement |
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Government Technical Information Systems - The collection of automated data processing systems and applications used by government agencies and offices to enter, update, manage, retrieve, and distribute technical data from a specific Integrated Weapon System Data Base. Acronym: GTIS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-B", 1993

Related Terms: Government Technical Information Systems - data | data base | data processing | government | system |
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Information Superhighway - The Information Superhighway is a network that will potentially connect every government agency, business, and citizen providing a means of rapid access to information (in digital form) and electronic communication to every business and citizen in the country. This vision is an unprecedented nationwide (and ultimately worldwide) electronic communications network Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Information Superhighway - commerce | communications | electronic commerce | information management | internet | marketing | telecommunications | trade | world wide web |
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Interactive Access - The ability to access authorized portions of the source data maintained in contractor or Government systems via on-line telecommunications data transfers in real or near-real time using various types of queries. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-B, 1993

Related Terms: Interactive Access - data | data base | query language | security | telecommunications |
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Internet (1) - An electronic network of computers that includes nearly every university, government, and research facility in the world. Also include are many commercial sites. The Internet is the closest thing that we have the Information Superhighway. It started with four interconnected computers in 1969 and was known as ARPAnet. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

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Military Handbook 59 - The "DoD CALS Program Implementation Guide," is not a standard. It provides the acquisition manager and his staff, as well as defense contractors and government end users with a detailed explanation of the CALS program, its objectives and strategy, and how to develop and apply CALS requirements that meet the Acronym: MIL-HDBK-59 Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Education Working Group, US CALS/CE Industry Steering Group "Electronic Blue Book" , 1993

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National Information Infrastructure - A concept conceived by the Clinton Administration and an alliance of computer, software, cable, and phone companies. The proposed concept would be the electronic network of tomorrow and would use phone line, cable systems, and high-speed data-networks to link everyone, including government agencies, universities, company presidents, and private citizens. The Acronym: NII Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: National Information Infrastructure - computer | education | hardware | marketing | network | software | telecommunications |
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National Research and Education Network - The High-Performance Computing and Communications Act of 1991 (sponsored by Vice-President Gore) was a bill that created the NREN. NREN will use the Internet to provide information resource connection not only to universities, research centers and government agencies, but also to secondary and elementary schools. The bill provides $2.9 billion Acronym: NREN Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: National Research and Education Network - education | government | internet | network | research | world wide web |
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Portable Operating System Interface - This standard defines a C programming language source interface to an operating system environment. This standard is used by computing professionals involved in system and application software development and implementation. [TBITS 7.1.] Government also endorses POSIX, i.e. TBITS 7.1.] Acronym: POSIX Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Portable Operating System Interface - computer | exchange | interface | software | system |
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Propriety Standard - A standard which has been endorsed by industry or government as the accepted international standard, but not officially approved by an accredited standards body such as ISO. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994

Related Terms: Propriety Standard - commerce | government | industry | international | international standards organization | standard | trade |
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Request for Proposal - A document issued by the government to request bids for products or services. Acronym: RFP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from Joan Smith, "An Introduction to CALS: The Strategy and the Standards", 1990

Related Terms: Request for Proposal - acquisition | compliance | contracting | government | procurement | product | purchasing | request for quote | services |
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Technical Information Systems - The generic term for the enterprise network of existing and augmented automated data processing systems used by government and contractors for management of technical information in support of the design, manufacture, and logistic processes for products such as weapon systems and related major equipment items. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-A" 1993

Related Terms: Technical Information Systems - business | data | design | enterprise | information management | manufacturing | network | system |
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Treasury Board Information Technology Standards - Treasury Board Information Technology Standards are the official Government of Canada publications on the standards, guidelines, technical reports and standard operating practices adopted and promulgated under the Treasury Board Information Management policies. Acronym: TBITS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Treasury Board, Government of Canada "Information Technology Standards", Vol 1

Related Terms: Treasury Board Information Technology Standards - engineering | government | information | operation | standard | technical data | technology |
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TREVI - A forum created in 1975 for intergovernmental cooperation on matters relating to internal security, organized crime, terrorism, and drug trafficking, and forming the basis of Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) estblished by the Treaty on European Union. Acronym: TREVI Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Wide Area Information Server (1) - Software that is used to index large text files in servers. On the client side, it finds and retrieves documents in databases, based on user-defined keywords. WAIS indexes can be searched for everything from government documents and treaties to documents about obscure religious sects. Acronym: WAIS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

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Unless otherwise indicated, all entries in the LogisticsWorld Logistics Glossary are copyright 1997, Matthew D. Cox, logistics@logisticsworld.com.

 

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