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			Air Ride Suspension - 




Suspension which supports the load on air-filled rubber bags rather than steel springs. Compressed air is supplied by the same engine-driven air compressor and reservoir tanks which provide air to the air brake system. 









 Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)





	
	
Related Terms: Air Ride Suspension - trailer | truck | trucking |

ASSET - Automated Support for Software Engineering Technology, an ESPRIT project. Acronym: ASSET Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: ASSET - international | trade |

Automatic Traction Control - Usually an optional feature based on ABS, it prevents spinning of the drive wheels under power on slippery surfaces by braking individual wheels and/or reducing engine throttle. Also called ASR, an acronym sometimes loosely translated from the German as anti-spin regulation. Acronym: ATC Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Automatic Traction Control - truck | trucking | vehicle |

Biomolecular Engineering Programme - See Biotechnology Action Programme (BAP). Acronym: BEP Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Biomolecular Engineering Programme - international | trade | Biotechnology Action Programme | BAP |

Biotechnology Action Programme - Established in 1985 as a successor to the 1982 Biomolecular Engineering Programme (BEP) and intended to sponsor developments that could have an economic and industrial application. Concluded in 1989, but its objectives were included in the 1990 BRIDGE programme. Acronym: BAP Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Biotechnology Action Programme - international | trade |

Brake Horsepower - Engine horsepower rating as determined by brake dynamometer testing. Acronym: BHP, bhp Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Brake Horsepower - horsepower | trucking |

Business Process Re-engineering - The fundamental analysis and radical redesign of everything: business processes and management systems, job definitions, organizational structures and beliefs and behaviors to achieve dramatic performance improvements to meet contemporary requirements. Information technology (IT) is a key enabler in this process. Acronym: BPR Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Business Process Re-engineering - business | management | manufacturing | operations management | quality |

Cabover - Truck or tractor design in which the cab sits over the engine on the chassis. Acronym: COE  Cabover Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Cabover - cab-over-engine | trucking |

Cab-Over-Engine - Truck or tractor design in which the cab sits over the engine on the chassis. Acronym: COE  Cab-Over-Engine Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Cab-Over-Engine - cabover | trucking |

Computer-Aided Design (1) - The application of information technology to elements of the design process for manufactured, assembled, and constructed products, covering both drafting applications (in the creation, modification, storage, and production of engineering and other technical drawings) and modeling (the generation and use of full three-dimensional models). Acronym: CAD Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from Joan Smith, "An Introduction to CALS: The Strategy and the Standards", 1990

Related Terms: Computer-Aided Design (1) - computer | design | engineering | manufacturing | technology |

Computer-Aided Engineering - The application of information technology to elements of the design and engineering process. It includes all types of performance systems, e.g., heat transfer, structural, electromagnetic, aeronautics, and acoustic analysis. Acronym: CAE Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994

Related Terms: Computer-Aided Engineering - computer | design | manufacturing | technology |

Computer-Aided Software Engineering - CASE is an umbrella term for a collection of tools and techniques which are said by their distributors to promise revolutionary gains in analyst and programmer productivity. The two prominent delivered technologies are application generators and PC-based workstations that provide graphics-oriented automation of the front end of the development process. Acronym: CASE Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993

Related Terms: Computer-Aided Software Engineering - computer | design | engineering | program | software |

Concurrent Engineering - A systematic approach to creating a product design that considers all elements of the product life cycle from conception of the design to disposal of the product, and in so doing defines the product, its manufacturing processes, and all other required life cycle processes such as logistic support. Acronym: CE Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from Joan Smith Adapted from "An Introduction to CALS: The Strategy and the Standards", 1990

Related Terms: Concurrent Engineering - acquisition | design | engineering | life cycle | manufacturing | product | process |

Design Interface - This ILS element relates all design engineering disciplines to the system support characteristics. Reference: Air Force Institute of Technology, Graduate School of Acquisition and Logistics

Related Terms: Design Interface - acquisition | integrated logistics support | logistics | military |

Digital Technical Data - Includes the part descriptions, product specifications, and standards that the initial designer draws upon; the engineering drawings and product data used in design and manufacturing; the information needed to guide the people who operate the system in the field, or who support and maintain it at all echelons of the Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-B", 1993

Related Terms: Digital Technical Data - acquisition | continuous acquisition and life-cycle support | data | design | specification | standard | technical data |

Displacement (1) - Sum of the volumes swept by an engine's pistons as they travel up and down in their cylinders. Based upon bore (diameter of cylinder) and stroke (distance traveled by piston). Expressed in liters or cubic inches. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Displacement (1) - piston displacement | trucking |

Drawing - An engineering document or digital data file (s) that discloses (directly or by reference), by means of graphic or textual presentations, or a combination of both, the physical and functional requirements of an item. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Standard 1840-B", 3 November 1992

Related Terms: Drawing - data | design | engineering | manufacturing |

Drivetrain - All the components, excluding engine, which transmit the engine's power to the rear wheels: clutch, transmission, driveline and drive axle(s). Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Drivetrain - powertrain | trucking |

Electric Vehicle - Vehicle powered by electric motor(s) rather than by an internal combustion engine. Most common source of electricity is chemical storage batteries. Acronym: EV Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Electric Vehicle - environmental | trucking | vehicle |

Electronic Commerce Resource Center - Electronic Commerce Resource Centers were established by Congress to assist small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) transition from out-moded, paper-intensive methods of doing business to highly automated integrated processes. The tools needed to make this transition are known collectively as "Electronic Commerce" (EC), initiatives including CALS, EDI, Concurrent Engineering and Legacy Acronym: ECRC Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Electronic Commerce Resource Center - continuous acquisition and life-cycle support | electronic commerce |

Engine - A system or mechanism that converts one or more forms of energy into another; a motor; or a railroad locomotive.  Engine

Related Terms: Engine - rail | railroad | system | tractor | train |

Engineering Data - Any technical data (whether prepared by the Government, contractor, or vendor) relating to the specification, design, analysis, manufacture, acquisition, test, inspection or maintenance of items or services. Engineering data is comprised of all information that contains authoritative engineering definition or guidance on material, constituent items, equipment or systems practices, engineering Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-B", 1993

Related Terms: Engineering Data - contractor | data | design | engineering | manufacturing | production | support | technical data | vendor |

Expert System - A software system with two basic components: a knowledge base and an inference engine. The system mimics an expert's reasoning process. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Expert System - computer | engine | software | system |

Geared Speed - Calculated vehicle speed at the engine's governed rpm in each transmission gear, or (commonly) in top gear. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Geared Speed - engine | truck | trucking |

Gross Laboratory Horsepower - Tested horsepower of a "bare" engine without fan, water pump, alternator, exhaust system or any other accessories. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Gross Laboratory Horsepower - horsepower | sae net horsepower | trucking |

Information Engineering - A methodology for developing an integrated information system based on the sharing of common data, with emphasis on decision-support needs as well as transaction processing requirements. It assumes logical data representations are relatively stable, as opposed to the frequently changing processes that use the data. Therefore, the logical data model, Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Information Engineering - data | information infrastructure | information management | management | system |

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers - Organization of engineers, scientists and students involved in electrical, electronics, and related fields; also functions as a publishing house and standards-making body. Acronym: IEEE Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers - design | engineering | organization | specification | standard |

Jack Brake - Device used to assist brakes in slowing the vehicle. The most common type of retarder on over-the-road trucks manipulates the engine's valves to create engine drag. (This type is commonly referred to as "Jake Brake" because the predominant manufacturer is Jacobs Vehicle Equipment Co.) Other types of retarders include exhaust Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Jack Brake - retarder | trucking |

Joint Engineering Data Management Information and Computer System - The standard DoD program for management of engineering drawings and related technical data. It automates the DoD's engineering data repositories using an integrated suite of off-the-shelf hardware and software. This system enables improved acquisition, storage, update, and retrieval of technical information. Plans call for installation of JEDMICS at 25 sites Acronym: JEDMICS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government, Final Coordination Draft CALS Strategic Plan, 1993

Related Terms: Joint Engineering Data Management Information and Computer System - commercial off the shelf | computer | data | department of defense | engineering | hardware | management | manufacturing | software | system | technology |

Life-Cycle Management System - A set of processes (which may include computer-aided software engineering tools) which facilitate the creation, tailoring, and navigation of a system development life cycle. A life cycle management system may take the form of an integrated project support environment or an estimating system linked to a project scheduling and tracking Acronym: CMS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Life-Cycle Management System - acquisition | engineering | logistics | management | software | system | process |

National Institute of Standards and Technology - Created in 1901 as the National Bureau of Standards and renamed in 1988, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) works to strengthen U.S. industry's international competitiveness, advance science, and improve public health, safety and the environment. NIST conducts science and engineering research in commercially important fields such as Acronym: NIST Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Sharon J Kemmerer Department of Commerce, United States Government "CALS Testing Programs, Status and Strategy" October 1992

Related Terms: National Institute of Standards and Technology - business | government | industry | international | standard | technology | trade |

On-Board Computer - Cab-mounted device which electronically or mechanically records data such as truck speed, engine rpm, idle time and other information useful to trucking management. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: On-Board Computer - trip recorder | trucking |

Overdrive - Gearing in which less than one revolution of a transmission's input shaft causes one turn of the output shaft. The purpose of overdrive is to reduce engine rpm in high gear for better fuel economy. Example: A transmission with an overdrive top gear has a ratio of 0.70 to one. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Overdrive - truck | trucking |

Piston Displacement - Sum of the volumes swept by an engine's pistons as they travel up and down in their cylinders. Based upon bore (diameter of cylinder) and stroke (distance traveled by piston). Expressed in liters or cubic inches. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Piston Displacement - displacement | trucking |

Power Takeoff - Device used to transmit engine power to auxiliary equipment. A PTO often drives a hydraulic pump, which can power a dump body, concrete mixer or refuse packer. Some designs mount to a standard opening on the transmission, while others attach at the front or rear of the engine. Acronym: PTO Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Power Takeoff - engine | trucking |

Powertrain - All the components, excluding engine, which transmit the engine's power to the rear wheels: clutch, transmission, driveline and drive axle(s). Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Powertrain - drivetrain | trucking |

Processable Data Document - Technical data in digital source form that is either organized and formatted so that an automated data processing system can further structure or restructure the data in a variety of ways, or is compatible for direct processing by an automated design, engineering, or logistic support system. Processable data can be Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-A" 1993

Related Terms: Processable Data Document - data | data base | document | file | technical data | technical manual |

Product Data - All engineering data, in processable form, necessary to define the geometry, the function, and the behavior of an item over its entire life span, including logistic elements for quality, reliability, maintainability, topology, relationship, tolerances, attributes, and features necessary to define the item completely for the purpose of design, analysis, manufacture, Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from Joan Smith, "An Introduction to CALS: The Strategy and the Standards", 1990

Related Terms: Product Data - data | engineering | engineering data | life cycle | logistics | product | quality |

RAISE - Rigorous Approaches to Industrial Software Engineering, an ESPRIT project. Acronym: RAISE Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: RAISE - international | trade |

Rapid Response Manufacturing - One of the major objectives of RRM is to create an engineering information environment that is accessible and useful for multiple engineering and manufacturing applications. Accepted robust standards for process and product data storage and exchange, which commercial vendors actively support, are a necessary ingredient of the infrastructure being developed Acronym: RRM Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: National Security Industrial Association "CALS Expo '93, Proceedings and Reference"

Related Terms: Rapid Response Manufacturing - acquisition | logistics | manufacturing | parts | procurement | product | production | rapid acquisition of manufactured parts | standard | supply | support |

Retarder - Device used to assist brakes in slowing the vehicle. The most common type of retarder on over-the-road trucks manipulates the engine's valves to create engine drag. (This type is commonly referred to as "Jake Brake" because the predominant manufacturer is Jacobs Vehicle Equipment Co.) Other types of retarders include exhaust Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Retarder - jack brake | trucking |

Revolutions Per Minute - Measure of the speed at which a shaft spins. Most often used to describe engine crankshaft speed. Indicated by a tachometer. Acronym: RPM Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Revolutions Per Minute - engine | trucking |

SAE Net Horsepower - Horsepower capability of an engine with full accessories and exhaust system. Test procedures per standards of Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE). Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: SAE Net Horsepower - horsepower | gross laboratory horsepower | trucking |

Speedability - Top speed a vehicle can attain as determined by engine power, engine governed speed, gross weight, driveline efficiency, air resistance, grade and load. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Speedability - trucking | vehicle |

Technical Data Package - A technical description that is adequate to support acquisition of an item, including engineering and production, the description consisting of all applicable technical data such as engineering drawings, associated lists, product and process specifications and standards, performance requirements, quality assurance provisions, and packaging details. Acronym: TDP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from Joan Smith, "An Introduction to CALS: The Strategy and the Standards", 1990

Related Terms: Technical Data Package - acquisition | engineering | manufacturing | production | support | technical data | technical manual |

Total Quality Management (1) - Interfunctional approach to quality management, developed by Joseph Juran, involving marketing, engineering, manufacturing, purchasing, etc. Defects should be defined through examining customer expectations. The focus is on prevention, detection, and elimination of sources of defects. The Juran total quality management trilogy is quality control, quality planning, and quality projects. Acronym: TQM Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Total Quality Management (1) - customer | education | engineering | management | manufacturing | operations management | policy | quality |

Trip Recorder - Cab-mounted device which electronically or mechanically records data such as truck speed, engine rpm, idle time and other information useful to trucking management. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Trip Recorder - on-board computer | trucking |


Unless otherwise indicated, all entries in the LogisticsWorld Logistics Glossary are copyright 1997, Matthew D. Cox, logistics@logisticsworld.com.

 

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Ver 4, Sep, 1999, Matthew D. Cox, logistics@logisticsworld.com
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