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			Advisory Committee on Safety, Hygiene and Health Protection At Work - 




Estblished in 1974 to advise on problems and improvements in industrial safety and health in all industrial areas other than those controlled by the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC). 









 Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm





	
	
Related Terms: Advisory Committee on Safety, Hygiene and Health Protection At Work - international | trade |

Antilock Braking System - Computer, sensors and solenoid valves which together monitor wheel speed and modulate braking force if wheel lockup is sensed during braking. Helps the driver retain control of the vehicle during heavy braking on slippery roads. Acronym: ABS Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Antilock Braking System - truck | trucking | vehicle |

ARCADE - Ampere Remote Control Access Data Entry, a BRITE-EURAM on the development of a data communications service in industrial and materials technology. Acronym: ARCADE Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: ARCADE - international | trade |

Automatic Traction Control - Usually an optional feature based on ABS, it prevents spinning of the drive wheels under power on slippery surfaces by braking individual wheels and/or reducing engine throttle. Also called ASR, an acronym sometimes loosely translated from the German as anti-spin regulation. Acronym: ATC Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Automatic Traction Control - truck | trucking | vehicle |

Computer-Aided Manufacturing (1) - The application of information technology to the control and management of manufacturing processes, normally restricted to the control of machine tools such as lathes and mills, where the tool is directly controlled by a computer. Acronym: CAM Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from Joan Smith, "An Introduction to CALS: The Strategy and the Standards", 1990

Related Terms: Computer-Aided Manufacturing (1) - computer | design | engineering | manufacturing | technology |

Computer-Integrated Manufacturing (1) - The application of information technology to the management of complete systems or subsystems within a manufacturing environment, characterized by the integration of many separate applications such as CAD, CAM, CAE, and robotics together with commercial applications such as stock control, spares ordering, and process planning. Acronym: CIM Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from Joan Smith, "An Introduction to CALS: The Strategy and the Standards", 1990

Related Terms: Computer-Integrated Manufacturing (1) - computer | computer-aided design | integration | management | manufacturing | technology |

Configuration Management (1) - CM controls and manages product description with its supporting technical and scientific information. Acronym: CM Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994

Related Terms: Configuration Management (1) - component | engineering | logistics | product | technology |

Control - To regulate; a consistent process state that is within specified operating parameters; or a manual or automatic component device used to regulate a system function.

Related Terms: Control - component | control chart | control limit | controller | function | management | managing | organizing | planning | quality | quality control | system |

Controller - Someone or something that controls or regulates.

Related Terms: Controller - component | control chart | control limit | function | management | managing | organizing | planning | quality | quality control | system |

Coordination Group - Free Movement - An intergovernmental body established in 1990 by the European Council to check on preparation for the ending of national border control during the implementation of the internal market. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Coordination Group - Free Movement - international | trade |

Data Dictionary - A repository of information about data, such as its meaning, relationships to other data, origin, usage and format. The dictionary assists company management, database administrators, systems analysts and application programmers in effectively planning, controlling and evaluating the collection, storage and use of data. A data dictionary manages data categories such Acronym: DD Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993}

Related Terms: Data Dictionary - data | data base | information management | management | software | system |

Dominant Firm Abuse - The control of a market for particular products by companies which possess a hegemonic position in that market, and prohibitied by the EC treaties. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Dominant Firm Abuse - international | trade |

Inland Waterways - Subject to EC legislation since 1982 in terms of types and specifications of commercial craft, with mutual recognition on navigability and control since 1976. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Inland Waterways - international | trade |

Integrated Logistics Support (1) - ILS is a management function that provides planning, funding, and functioning controls which help to assure that the system meets performance requirements, is developed at a reasonable price, and can be supported throughout its life cycle. The major goal of ILS is to ensure that all elements of support are Acronym: ILS Reference: Air Force Institute of Technology, Graduate School of Acquisition and Logistics

Related Terms: Integrated Logistics Support (1) - acquisition | integrated logistics support | logistics | military |

Integration - Can be described as consisting of three main components: physical integration, the connection of the hardware; data integration, the ready exchange of data between applications without loss of functionality; and lastly business integration, the integration of the functions needed to support decisions, monitor and control business. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Source: Department of Trade and Industry, United Kingdom "Open Systems in Manufacturing"

Related Terms: Integration - acquisition | data | design | distribution | engineering | inventory | logistics | management | manufacturing | operations management | production | system | systems management | warehousing |

Intelligent Transportation Systems - Blanket term for a wide array of technologies, including electronic sensors, computer hardware and software and radio communications. The purpose of IVHS is to increase efficiency of use of existing highways, reducing travel time, fuel consumption, air pollution and accidents. There are five functional areas: Advanced Public Transportation Systems (APTS). Acronym: ITS Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Intelligent Transportation Systems - automatic vehicle identification | automated vehicle location | intelligent vehicle highway systems | trucking | weight-in-motion |

Intelligent Vehicle Highway Systems - Blanket term for a wide array of technologies, including electronic sensors, computer hardware and software and radio communications. The purpose of IVHS is to increase efficiency of use of existing highways, reducing travel time, fuel consumption, air pollution and accidents. There are five functional areas: Advanced Public Transportation Systems (APTS). Acronym: IVHS Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Intelligent Vehicle Highway Systems - automatic vehicle identification | automated vehicle location | intelligent transportation systems | trucking | weight-in-motion |

Just-In-Time Inventory - A method of controlling and reducing direct and work-in-process inventory by having suppliers deliver material "just in time" to manufacturing. [ed. May also be applied to other areas such as "just in time training" offered by IETMs] Acronym: JIT Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Just-In-Time Inventory - inventory | management | manufacturing | production | quality |

KRITIC - Knowledge Representation and Inference Techniques in Industrial Control, an ESPRIT project. Acronym: KRITIC Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: KRITIC - international | trade |

Lead Time (1) - A span of time required to perform an activity. In a production and inventory control context, the activity is normally the procurement of materials or product from either an outside supplier or a company's own manufacturing facility. The individual components of any given lead time can include some or all Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Lead Time (1) - acquisition | contracting | inventory | logistics | manufacturing | procurement | production | purchasing | supply | support |

Management - The act of or fashion in which a business or activity is directed or controlled; or a person or persons who manage.

Related Terms: Management - business | control | information management | logistics management | managing | management by objectives | management information system | operations management | organizing | planning | systems management | transportation management |

Managing - The act of directing or controlling a business or activity.

Related Terms: Managing - business | control | management | management by objectives | organizing | planning |

MERMAID - Marine Environment Remote-Controlled Measuring and Integrated Detection, an MERMAIDS. Mediterranean Eddy Resolving Modelling and Interdisc Studies, a MAST project. Acronym: MERMAID Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: MERMAID - international | trade |

Node (1) - A Node is a termination point for two or more communication links. The Node serves as the control location for forwarding data among the elements of a network or multiple networks, as well as perform other networking, and in some cases, local processing functions. In systems network architecture, a node Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Node (1) - communications | computer | data | hardware | internet | network | software |

Noise - Controled by several EC directives, with maximum noise limits for a range of commercial and domestic machinery and equipment, and on decibel levels in the workplace,. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Noise - international | trade |

ODIN - Origin-Destination Information versus Traffic Control, a DRIVE project. Acronym: ODIN Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: ODIN - international | trade |

Parts List Data Base - This tool controls parts inventory during fabrication and operation. PLDB provides inventory status of parts, prepares part list reports, generates purchase orders, and tracks cost/budget of parts. PLDB is linked to LSAR, Imaging, and Bar Coding. Acronym: PLDB Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: National Security Industrial Association "CALS Expo '93, Proceedings and Reference

Related Terms: Parts List Data Base - components | data | data base | inventory | inventory control | logistics support analysis record | manufacturing | parts | production | purchasing |

Protocol (1) - A set of procedures for establishing and controlling data transmission. Examples include IBM's BSC (Binary Synchronous Communications) and SDLC (Synchronous Data Link Control) protocols. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994

Related Terms: Protocol (1) - exchange | file transfer protocol | interchange | interface | internet protocol | network news transport protocol | point-to-point protocol | serial line internet protocol | simple mail transfer protocol | transmission control protocol/internet protocol |

Real-Time (1) - The description for an operating system that responds to an external event within a short and predictable time frame. Unlike a batch or time-sharing operating system, a real-time operating system provides services or control to independent ongoing physical processes. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group Adapted from: "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993

Related Terms: Real-Time (1) - design | engineering | information | information management | modeling | network | operation | system |

Seveso Directives - EC legislation on accident risks in several industrial activities and on the supervision and control of the transportation of hazardous waste. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Seveso Directives - international | trade |

Structured Query Language - SQL is a relational data language that provides a consistent, English keyword-oriented set of facilities for query, data definition, data manipulation and data control. It is a programming interface to a relational database management system (RDBMS). [ISO 9075, ANSI X3.135-1992, FIPS 127-2, MIL-STD-1388, TBITS 2]Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993. Acronym: SQL Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Structured Query Language - computer | data | data base | database management system | program | query language |

Total Quality Management (1) - Interfunctional approach to quality management, developed by Joseph Juran, involving marketing, engineering, manufacturing, purchasing, etc. Defects should be defined through examining customer expectations. The focus is on prevention, detection, and elimination of sources of defects. The Juran total quality management trilogy is quality control, quality planning, and quality projects. Acronym: TQM Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Total Quality Management (1) - customer | education | engineering | management | manufacturing | operations management | policy | quality |

Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol - A compilation of network and transport level protocols that allow a PC to speak the same language as other PCs on the Internet or other networks. Acronym: TCP/IP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol - computer | interchange | interface | internet | internet protocol | network | protocol | software | standard | telecommunications | world wide web |

Workflow Management - A software application that controls the order and monitors the execution of a series of processes (worksteps) in which people act upon work items (documents, forms, folders and images). Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993

Related Terms: Workflow Management - business | computer | design | engineering | industry | management | manufacturing | network | operations management | production | software | system | workflow |


Unless otherwise indicated, all entries in the LogisticsWorld Logistics Glossary are copyright 1997, Matthew D. Cox, logistics@logisticsworld.com.

 

WWW Virtual Library of Logistics
Ver 4, Sep, 1999, Matthew D. Cox, logistics@logisticsworld.com
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Copyright 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999 MDC, All rights reserved.