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			Blind Spot - 




Areas around a commercial vehicle that are not visible to the driver either through the windshield, side windows or mirrors. 









 Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)





	
	
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Cabotage - The right of drivers of commercial vehicles to ply for hire in another country, introduced as an element of road transport policy in 1993. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Commercial Driver's License (1) - License which authorizes an individual to operate commercial motor vehicles and buses over 26,000 pounds gross vehicle weight. For operators of freight-hauling trucks, the maximum size which may be driven without a CDL is Class 6 (maximum 26,000 pounds gross vehicle weight). Acronym: CDL Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

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Commercial Letter of Credit - A letter from a bank or lending institution that authorizes an account holder to draw drafts within set limits, and requires the repayment of such drafts by the account holder.

Related Terms: Commercial Letter of Credit - account | debt | draft | letter of credit | loan |
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Commercial off the Shelf - Commercial Off The Shelf refers to software and hardware technology which is commercially available and requires minimum changes (design/development), if any, before implementation. S Shared Resource Center, 1994. October 1992. Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994. "CALS Testing Programs, Status and Strategy" October 1992. Acronym: COTS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Commercial off the Shelf - acquisition | commercial | contracting | hardware | inventory | make-or-buy | procurement | reliability | software |
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Commercial Policy - See Competition Policy; Internal Market. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Common Commercial Policy - See Competition Policy; Internal Market. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Computer-Integrated Manufacturing (1) - The application of information technology to the management of complete systems or subsystems within a manufacturing environment, characterized by the integration of many separate applications such as CAD, CAM, CAE, and robotics together with commercial applications such as stock control, spares ordering, and process planning. Acronym: CIM Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from Joan Smith, "An Introduction to CALS: The Strategy and the Standards", 1990

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Conformance Testing - The testing of a candidate product for the existence of characteristics required by a standard. Its primary activity is to ensure specified behavior of implementations. Additional benefits include: clarifying the standard for guiding future implementation, producing a feedback loop to the standards making bodies for improvements to the standard, encouraging Acronym: CT Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

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European Atomic Energy Community - Established in 1957 to promote nuclear research and development for peaceful purposes within uniform safety standards, and to develop wide commercial outlets for nuclear fuel and energy. Acronym: EURATOM Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Hours-of-Service - U.S. Department of Transportation safety regulations which govern the hours of service of commercial vehicle drivers engaged in interstate trucking operations. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

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Inland Waterways - Subject to EC legislation since 1982 in terms of types and specifications of commercial craft, with mutual recognition on navigability and control since 1976. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Intelligent Transportation Systems - Blanket term for a wide array of technologies, including electronic sensors, computer hardware and software and radio communications. The purpose of IVHS is to increase efficiency of use of existing highways, reducing travel time, fuel consumption, air pollution and accidents. There are five functional areas: Advanced Public Transportation Systems (APTS). Acronym: ITS Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Intelligent Transportation Systems - automatic vehicle identification | automated vehicle location | intelligent vehicle highway systems | trucking | weight-in-motion |
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Intelligent Vehicle Highway Systems - Blanket term for a wide array of technologies, including electronic sensors, computer hardware and software and radio communications. The purpose of IVHS is to increase efficiency of use of existing highways, reducing travel time, fuel consumption, air pollution and accidents. There are five functional areas: Advanced Public Transportation Systems (APTS). Acronym: IVHS Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

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Internet (1) - An electronic network of computers that includes nearly every university, government, and research facility in the world. Also include are many commercial sites. The Internet is the closest thing that we have the Information Superhighway. It started with four interconnected computers in 1969 and was known as ARPAnet. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

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Logbook - Book carried by truck drivers in which they record their hours of service and duty status for each 24-hour period. Required in interstate commercial trucking by the U.S. Department of Transportation. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

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National Institute of Standards and Technology - Created in 1901 as the National Bureau of Standards and renamed in 1988, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) works to strengthen U.S. industry's international competitiveness, advance science, and improve public health, safety and the environment. NIST conducts science and engineering research in commercially important fields such as Acronym: NIST Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Sharon J Kemmerer Department of Commerce, United States Government "CALS Testing Programs, Status and Strategy" October 1992

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Noise - Controled by several EC directives, with maximum noise limits for a range of commercial and domestic machinery and equipment, and on decibel levels in the workplace,. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Rapid Response Manufacturing - One of the major objectives of RRM is to create an engineering information environment that is accessible and useful for multiple engineering and manufacturing applications. Accepted robust standards for process and product data storage and exchange, which commercial vendors actively support, are a necessary ingredient of the infrastructure being developed Acronym: RRM Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: National Security Industrial Association "CALS Expo '93, Proceedings and Reference"

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Road Transport - Subject to several directives on rules of employment, training and work periods for drivers of heavy commercial vehicles, on road safety, and on cross-border freight. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Single Administrative Document - A 1988 document replacing the several import/export forms and transit documents previously necessary for drivers of commercial vehicles to cross internal EC borders. Acronym: SAD Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Technical Data - Includes flight manuals, operator manuals, maintenance instructions (organizational, intermediate, and depot levels), illustrated parts breakdowns, time compliance technical orders (TCTOs), and commercial manuals required to operate, maintain, service, repair, overhaul, and modify the systems, subsystems, or equipment acquired by the Air Force. Reference: Air Force Institute of Technology, Graduate School of Acquisition and Logistics

Related Terms: Technical Data - acquisition | integrated logistics support | logistics | military |
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Unless otherwise indicated, all entries in the LogisticsWorld Logistics Glossary are copyright 1997, Matthew D. Cox, logistics@logisticsworld.com.

 

WWW Virtual Library of Logistics
Ver 4, Sep, 1999, Matthew D. Cox, logistics@logisticsworld.com
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Copyright 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999 MDC, All rights reserved.