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			Budget (1) - 




Originally financed by contributions from the Member States, but after 1975 by a system of EC own resources, but these were not formally recognized until the Treaty on European Union. Budget revenue comes from several sources: levies on food imports into the EC; customs duties on non-agricultural imports; a proportion                                                                                    









 Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm





	
	
Related Terms: Budget (1) - international | trade |

Business Cooperation Centre - A liaison office of the Commission providing both it and European enterprsies with information on regulations and marketing, also operating a Business Cooperation Network (BC-NET) to encourage collaboration between enterprises. Acronym: BCC Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Business Cooperation Centre - international | trade |

Centre for the Development of Industry - Established in 1984 under the Third Lomé Convention to help the establishment of industrial enterprises in the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) States. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Centre for the Development of Industry - international | trade |

Community Programme for Education and Training in Technology - Established in 1986, a programme to promote cross-national cooperation and partnerships between enterprises and universities in the training of students in new technologies, mainly through the provision of work experience in another EC country. Acronym: COMETT Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Community Programme for Education and Training in Technology - international | trade |

Competition Policy - The objective of achieving a balance between imposing necessary restrictions upon unrestrained economic competition, and the removal of damaging restrictive economic practices by enterprises and governments that prevent a coherent integration of the EC market. It is underwritten by the EC treaties, which give the Commission substantial investigatory and punitive Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Competition Policy - international | trade |

Computer-Aided Acquisition and Logistic Support - CALS is a global strategy to further enterprise integration through the streamlining of business processes and the application of standards and technologies for the development, management, exchange, and use of business and technical information. Now called Continuous Acquisition and Life-cycle Support. Acronym: CALS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Computer-Aided Acquisition and Logistic Support - acquisition | business | continuous acquisition and life-cycle support | life cycle | logistics | process | standard | support |

Conformance Testing - The testing of a candidate product for the existence of characteristics required by a standard. Its primary activity is to ensure specified behavior of implementations. Additional benefits include: clarifying the standard for guiding future implementation, producing a feedback loop to the standards making bodies for improvements to the standard, encouraging Acronym: CT Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Conformance Testing - acquisition | contracting | product | quality | reliability | specification |

Continuous Acquisition and Life-Cycle Support - CALS is a global strategy to further enterprise integration through the streamlining of business processes and the application of standards and technologies for the development, management, exchange, and use of business and technical information. Formerly Computer-Aided Acquisition and Logistic Support. Acronym: CALS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Continuous Acquisition and Life-Cycle Support - acquisition | computer-aided acquisition and logistic support | business | life cycle | logistics | process | standard | support |

CRAFT (1) - Cooperative Research Action for Technology, a 1989 initiative to encourage smaller enterprises to collaborate with each other in new and environmentally helpful research and technology. Acronym: CRAFT Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: CRAFT (1) - international | trade |

Electronic Commerce Resource Center - Electronic Commerce Resource Centers were established by Congress to assist small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) transition from out-moded, paper-intensive methods of doing business to highly automated integrated processes. The tools needed to make this transition are known collectively as "Electronic Commerce" (EC), initiatives including CALS, EDI, Concurrent Engineering and Legacy Acronym: ECRC Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Electronic Commerce Resource Center - continuous acquisition and life-cycle support | electronic commerce |

Enterprise - Is a collection of organizations and people formed to create and deliver product to customers. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Source: IDA (Institute for Defense Analysis)

Related Terms: Enterprise - business | company | customer | enterprise integration | enterprise resource planning | operation | organization | product | system |

Enterprise Integration - Is the removal of organizational, process, and informational barriers to the smooth and effective flow of material and products between the activities of an enterprise. Acronym: EI Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency IDA (Institute for Defense Analysis)

Related Terms: Enterprise Integration - business | integration | management | operations management | organization | quality | systems management |

Enterprise Resource Planning - ERP represents the next generation of manufacturing resource planning (MRP II) software. ERP's usefulness and power lies beyond the present function boundaries of MRP II. Beyond the standard functionality that is offered, other features are included, e.g., quality process operations management, and regulatory reporting. In addition the base technology used Acronym: ERP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Enterprise Resource Planning - capacity requirements planning | enterprise | management | manufacturing | material requirements planning | planning | resource |

ETEE - Educational Technologies for European Enterprises, a ETL. European Test Laboratory, part of the Joint Research Centre (JRC). Acronym: ETEE Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: ETEE - international | trade |

ETP - Executive Training Programme, to prepare young executives from EC enterprises attempt to penetrate the Japanese market. Acronym: ETP Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: ETP - international | trade |

European Business and Innovation Centre Network - An agency to assist smaller enterprises to benefit from competition policy and the internal market. Acronym: EBN Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: European Business and Innovation Centre Network - international | trade |

European Coal and Steel Community - Established in 1951 to develop a common market in coal and steel. The first European organization to possess the supranational principle, with substantial powers over national governments and enterprises. Acronym: ECSC Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: European Coal and Steel Community - international | trade |

Flexible Computer Integrated Manufacturing - FCIM is the integration of equipment, software, communication, human resources, and business practices within an enterprise to rapidly manufacture, repair, and deliver items on demand with continuous improvements in the processes. The FCIM initiative is a Joint Service and Agency effort to establish and implement the procedures and processes needed Acronym: FCIM Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: National Security Industrial Association "CALS Expo '93, Proceedings and Reference"_

Related Terms: Flexible Computer Integrated Manufacturing - business | computer | computer-aided manufacturing | computer-integrated manufacturing | integration | management | policy | quality | software |

Information Infrastructure - A structured collection of information system components and organization processes that enable the flow of necessary information to effect enterprise integration. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Source: IDA (Institute for Defense Analysis)

Related Terms: Information Infrastructure - business | component | data | design | enterprise | information engineering | information management | information superhighway | management | system |

Manifest Crisis - A declaration of what amounts to a state of emergency in the coal or steel industry which, if applied, gives the Commission wide authoritarian powers over Member States and industrial enterprises. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Manifest Crisis - international | trade |

PRISMA - A 1990 initiative to aid enterprises to prepare for the internal market. Acronym: PRISMA Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: PRISMA - international | trade |

Repository - A facility for storing descriptions and behaviors of objects in an enterprise, including requirements, policies, processes, data, software libraries, projects, platforms and personnel, with the potential of supporting both software development and operations management. A single point of definition for all system resources. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group Adapted from: "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993

Related Terms: Repository - business | data base | document | enterprise | file | information | information management | policy | process | program | software |

SIP - Sectoral Import Programme, technical assistance to smaller enterprises within Operation PHARE. Acronym: SIP Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: SIP - international | trade |

Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprise Task force - A Commission agency providing advice and assistance to smaller companies on EC competition policy and the internal market. Acronym: SME Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprise Task force - international | trade |

Technical Information Systems - The generic term for the enterprise network of existing and augmented automated data processing systems used by government and contractors for management of technical information in support of the design, manufacture, and logistic processes for products such as weapon systems and related major equipment items. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-A" 1993

Related Terms: Technical Information Systems - business | data | design | enterprise | information management | manufacturing | network | system |

UETP - University Enterprise Training Partnerships, a core component of the Community Programme for Education and Training in Technology. Acronym: UETP Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: UETP - international | trade |


Unless otherwise indicated, all entries in the LogisticsWorld Logistics Glossary are copyright 1997, Matthew D. Cox, logistics@logisticsworld.com.

 

WWW Virtual Library of Logistics
Ver 4, Sep, 1999, Matthew D. Cox, logistics@logisticsworld.com
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