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			Acquisition Manager - 




The system/equipment program manager, the program manager's staff, and other DoD officials responsible for determining contract requirements for the generation, acquisition, and use of defense system/equipment data, and having acquisition authority for defense systems and equipment. 




 Acronym: AM





 Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-B" 1993





	
	
Related Terms: Acquisition Manager - acquisition | contracting | department of defense | program |

AGINFO - A database of Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) trade figures. Acronym: AGINFO Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: AGINFO - international | trade |

American Standard Code for Information Interchange - The American Standard Code for Information Interchange is used extensively in data transmission. The ASCII character set includes 128 upper and lower case letters, numerals and special purpose symbols, each encoded by a unique 7-bit binary number. ASCII text is a subset of the ASCII character set consisting principally of Acronym: ASCII Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Standard 1840-B" 3 November 1992

Related Terms: American Standard Code for Information Interchange - computer | specification | standard |

AMIS - Agricultural Markets Intelligence System, a computer system and database within CADDIA on the management and market data of the European Agricultural Guidance and Guarantee Fund (EAGGF). Acronym: AMIS Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: AMIS - international | trade |

ANSI X12 - The ANSI X12 standards specify the format and data content of electronic business transactions. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: ANSI X12 - american national standards institute | business | electronic commerce | standard |

Application Protocol - Defines the context for the use of product data and specifies the use of the standard in that context to satisfy an industrial need. [Associated with STEP] , United States Government. "Military Standard 1840-B" 3 November 1992. Acronym: AP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Application Protocol - application | application profile | data | industry | military | standard for the exchange of product model data | trade |

ARCADE - Ampere Remote Control Access Data Entry, a BRITE-EURAM on the development of a data communications service in industrial and materials technology. Acronym: ARCADE Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: ARCADE - international | trade |

ARCOME - A database of organizations, researchers and publications in communications technology. Acronym: ARCOME Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: ARCOME - international | trade |

Automatic Equipment Identifier - A transponder built into a container which transmits information about the container such as weight and container number for automatic update to a shipping database. Acronym: AEI

Related Terms: Automatic Equipment Identifier - container | freight | shipping | terminal | transponder |

Baud - A measurement of signaling speed of a data transmission device Baud rate does not equal bits per second. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Baud - communications | data | internet | telecommunications |

Black Box - Any removable and replaceable unit in a system, usually an electronic device; or the data recorder in an aircraft.

Related Terms: Black Box - aircraft | component | parts | spare | spares |

Cache - Cache memory is a small area of very fast RAM used to speed exchange of data. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Cache - computer | data | random access memory |

CADDIA - See Cooperation in Automation of Data and Documentation for Imports/Exports and Agriculture. Acronym: CADDIA Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: CADDIA - international | trade | Cooperation in Automation of Data and Documentation for Imports/Exports and Agriculture |

CHRISTINE - Characteristics and Requirements of Information Systems based on Traffic Data in an Integrated Network Environment, a DRIVE project. Acronym: CHRISTINE Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: CHRISTINE - international | trade |

COMEDI - Commerce Electronic Data Interchange, a 1993 initiative on developing a trans-European statistical information and telematics infrastructure and network. Acronym: COMEDI Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: COMEDI - international | trade |

COMEXT - A database of external trade statistics in Eurostat. Acronym: COMEXT Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: COMEXT - international | trade |

Communication Protocol - The rules governing the exchange of information between devices on a data link. Acronym: CP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994

Related Terms: Communication Protocol - communication | communications | computer | data | hardware | telecommunications |

Compact Disc Read-Only Memory - A version of the standard compact disc intended to store general-purpose digital data. Data or information stored on CD-ROM cannot be changed or updated. Acronym: CD-ROM  Compact Disc Read-Only Memory Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994 Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994 "Getting Started with SGML"

Related Terms: Compact Disc Read-Only Memory - computer | hardware | read-only memory |

Computer Disk ROM Drives - A CD (computer disk or compact disk) for a computer is a disk similar in function to a diskette such as a 3 1/4 diskette, but which uses compact disk technology to store large amounts (600 mbs) of read-only data. A CD ROM drive is the computer hardware that allows Acronym: CD  Computer Disk ROM Drives Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Computer Disk ROM Drives - computer | hardware | read-only memory |

Computer Graphics Metafile - This file format standard is a two-dimensional picture description or vector-oriented illustration data delivered in digital format. CGM is suited for illustrations often found in training, maintenance, and technical manuals. [MIL-D-28003, ISO 8632.1-4, FIPS 128-1] 1994. Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994 "An Introduction to CALS: The Strategy and the Acronym: CGM Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Computer Graphics Metafile - computer | military | software | vector graphics |

Contractor Integrated Technical Information Service - A technical information service based on the integration of databases (contractor , subcontractor, and government ) contractually established and managed by the defense contractor to receive, maintain, and provide access to technical and support information on a defense system. [MIL-STD-974]ith permission from Joan Smith. Adapted from "An Introduction to CALS: Acronym: CITIS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Contractor Integrated Technical Information Service - acquisition | contracting | data | data base | defense | information management | integration | military |

Cooperation in Automation of Data and Documentation for Imports/Exports and Agriculture - An electronic information structure for the collection, storage, transmission and exchange of information, using new developments in information technology and telecommunications. Acronym: CADDIA Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Cooperation in Automation of Data and Documentation for Imports/Exports and Agriculture - international | trade |

CORINE - A 1984 programme on the collection of data on the natural environment. Acronym: CORINE Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: CORINE - international | trade |

DAB - Digital Audio Broadcasting System, an DACAR. Data Acquisition and Communication Techniques and their Assessment for Road Transport, a DRIVE project. Acronym: DAB Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: DAB - international | trade |

Data - Information; usually refers to an organized collection of information about a particular subject. (Singular: Datum - One piece of data.)

Related Terms: Data - data base | data base management | data base management system | information |

Data Base - A collection of information that is organized for easy or flexible access. Acronym: DB

Related Terms: Data Base - data | database management | data base management system | information |

Data Base Management - The management of the contents and organizing system of data bases. Acronym: DBM

Related Terms: Data Base Management - data | data base | data base management system | information | management |

Data Base Management System - The system used to organize and manipulate a collection of information. Acronym: DBMS

Related Terms: Data Base Management System - data | data base | data base management | information | management | organization | organizing | system |

Data Dictionary - A repository of information about data, such as its meaning, relationships to other data, origin, usage and format. The dictionary assists company management, database administrators, systems analysts and application programmers in effectively planning, controlling and evaluating the collection, storage and use of data. A data dictionary manages data categories such Acronym: DD Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993}

Related Terms: Data Dictionary - data | data base | information management | management | software | system |

Data Item Description - A DID identifies specific data requirements, which may include the format of a report used to display the data. Most current DID's were prepared with only the hard copy (paper, aperture card, etc.) document environment in mind. In a CALS environment, two aspects of data acquisition must be examined to Acronym: DID Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-B", 1993

Related Terms: Data Item Description - acquisition | contracting | data | procurement | software | specification |

Data Management Standards - Data management standards will provide common definitions of the data elements, their attributes, relationships, data integrity constraints, and database access rules. This includes standards for system and data protection and security. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Office of the Secretary of Defense, United States Government "CALS Booklet"

Related Terms: Data Management Standards - data | data base | data base management system | information management | standard |

Data Model - The logical data structure developed during the logical database design process is a data model or entity model. It is also a description of the structural properties that define all entries represented in a database and all the relationships that exist among them. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993

Related Terms: Data Model - data | data modeling | design | information management | modeling | software |

Data Modeling - A structured method for representing and describing the data used in a business function automated system. Data modeling is used in combination with two other structured methods, data flow analysis and functional decomposition, to define the high-level structure of business and information systems. Its primary function is to define the Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993

Related Terms: Data Modeling - data | data model | design | information management | modeling | software |

Database - A collection of information that is organized for easy or flexible access. Acronym: DB

Related Terms: Database - data | data base management | data base management system | information |

Database Management System (1) - Software designed to manipulate the information in a database. It can create, sort, display selected information, search for specific information, and perform many other tasks of a database. This kind of software allows speed of access and the ability to automatically produce reports. Acronym: DBMS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Database Management System (1) - data | data base | data base management system | database | data model | management |

Destination System - The computer hardware, software, and network receiving transferred data. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-B", 1993

Related Terms: Destination System - computer | data | hardware | network | software | system |

Digital Technical Data - Includes the part descriptions, product specifications, and standards that the initial designer draws upon; the engineering drawings and product data used in design and manufacturing; the information needed to guide the people who operate the system in the field, or who support and maintain it at all echelons of the Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-B", 1993

Related Terms: Digital Technical Data - acquisition | continuous acquisition and life-cycle support | data | design | specification | standard | technical data |

Distributed Database - A database whose objects (tables, views, columns and files) reside on more than one system in a network, and can be accessed or updated from any system in the network. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Distributed Database - data | data base | distributed systems | network | software | system |

Document - A set of text and/or graphical data organized and formatted for direct human interpretation. A document can be delivered as printed pages or digitally in the form of composed page images. . Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994 Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993 Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994 "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Document - computer | data | information | markup | software |

Document Image File - A digital data file representation of a human interpretable document. Examples are raster image files and page description language files. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-B", 1993

Related Terms: Document Image File - computer | data | document | graphics standard | software |

Drawing - An engineering document or digital data file (s) that discloses (directly or by reference), by means of graphic or textual presentations, or a combination of both, the physical and functional requirements of an item. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Standard 1840-B", 3 November 1992

Related Terms: Drawing - data | design | engineering | manufacturing |

ECDIN - Environmental Chemicals Data and Information Network, a database. Acronym: ECDIN Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: ECDIN - international | trade |

EDI - Electronic Data Interchange, a linkage between EC chemical industries and their trading partners. Acronym: EDI Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: EDI - international | trade |

EDI For Administration, Commerce and Transport - United Nations rules for Electronic Data Interchange for Administration, Commerce and Transport. They comprise a set of internationally agreed upon standards, directories and guidelines for the electronic interchange of structured data related to trade in goods and services between independent computerized information systems. [ISO 9735]UN/EDIFACT Introduction to UN/EDIFACT with latest Acronym: EDIFACT Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: EDI For Administration, Commerce and Transport - commerce | data | electronic data interchange | electronic funds transfer | international | standard | transport | transportation |

Electronic Commerce (1) - The end-to-end digital exchange of all information needed to conduct business. Examples include EDI transactions, electronic mail, archives, audit trails, and all forms of records, including graphical images. Electronic Data Interchange (EDI), Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT) and Continuous Acquisition and Life-cycle Support (CALS). Acronym: EC Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Electronic Commerce (1) - business | commerce | communications | electronic data interchange | exchange | information management | interchange | interface | management | protocol | telecommunications | trade |

Electronic Commerce Resource Center - Electronic Commerce Resource Centers were established by Congress to assist small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) transition from out-moded, paper-intensive methods of doing business to highly automated integrated processes. The tools needed to make this transition are known collectively as "Electronic Commerce" (EC), initiatives including CALS, EDI, Concurrent Engineering and Legacy Acronym: ECRC Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Electronic Commerce Resource Center - continuous acquisition and life-cycle support | electronic commerce |

Electronic Data Interchange (1) - The business-to-business interconnection of computers for the rapid exchange of a wide variety of documents, from bills of lading to build tickets at auto plants. Acronym: EDI Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Electronic Data Interchange (1) - electronic commerce | trucking |

Electronic Data Interchange (2) - The inter-organizational, computer-to-computer exchange of structured information in a standard, machine-processable format. [Standards include EDIFACT and ANSI X.12] AECMA 2000M] EDI World Institute, 1994.:ArborText. Acronym: EDI Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Electronic Data Interchange (2) - business | commerce | communications | electronic commerce | exchange | interchange | interface | management | protocol | standard | telecommunications | trade |

Electronic Design Interchange Format - A neutral, platform independent format for the interchange of integrated circuit design data from design to manufacturing organizations. Acronym: EDIF Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994

Related Terms: Electronic Design Interchange Format - communications | computer | data | design | manufacturing | software |

Electronic Funds Transfer (1) - Electronic movement of data between banks which results in a value transfer between accounts. Acronym: EFT Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Source: Corporate EFT/Financial EDI Conference, Resource Book , 1994

Related Terms: Electronic Funds Transfer (1) - commerce | data | electronic commerce | electronic data interchange | financial | interchange | trade |

Encryption - A method of ensuring data secrecy. The message is coded using a key available only to the sender and the receiver. The coded message is sent to the receiver and then decoded upon receipt. Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Encryption - computer | continuous acquisition and life-cycle support | data | security | telecommunications |

ENDOC - An on-line directory of environmental data, abandoned in 1989. Acronym: ENDOC Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: ENDOC - international | trade |

ENEX - A Commission database on environmental research. Acronym: ENEX Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: ENEX - international | trade |

Engineering Data - Any technical data (whether prepared by the Government, contractor, or vendor) relating to the specification, design, analysis, manufacture, acquisition, test, inspection or maintenance of items or services. Engineering data is comprised of all information that contains authoritative engineering definition or guidance on material, constituent items, equipment or systems practices, engineering Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-B", 1993

Related Terms: Engineering Data - contractor | data | design | engineering | manufacturing | production | support | technical data | vendor |

ENGUIDE - A Commission database of bibliographic information on the environment. Acronym: ENGUIDE Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: ENGUIDE - international | trade |

ENLEX - A database of EC environmental legislation and law. Acronym: ENLEX Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: ENLEX - international | trade |

File - A digital repository of organized information consisting of records, items or arrays, and data elements. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Standard 1840-B", 1992

Related Terms: File - computer | data | document | information | software | text file |

Firewall - A computer system that sits between the Internet and a company's LAN. It is a means of automatically limiting what a company's computer system will pass along to outside computer systems. It acts as an active gateway to keep non-company entities from accessing company confidential data. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Firewall - computer | hardware | local area network | network | security | software |

Government Technical Information Systems - The collection of automated data processing systems and applications used by government agencies and offices to enter, update, manage, retrieve, and distribute technical data from a specific Integrated Weapon System Data Base. Acronym: GTIS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-B", 1993

Related Terms: Government Technical Information Systems - data | data base | data processing | government | system |

Graphics Standard - A technical standard describing the digital exchange format of graphics data. (CCITT Group 4 and CGM are examples). Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-B", 1993

Related Terms: Graphics Standard - computer | computer graphics metafile | data | file | joint photographic experts group | motion pictures expert group | raster graphics | resolution | software | tag image file format | vector graphics |

IES-DC - Information Exchange system - Data Collections, a directory and reference service on information technology. Acronym: IES-DC Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: IES-DC - international | trade |

Information Engineering - A methodology for developing an integrated information system based on the sharing of common data, with emphasis on decision-support needs as well as transaction processing requirements. It assumes logical data representations are relatively stable, as opposed to the frequently changing processes that use the data. Therefore, the logical data model, Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Information Engineering - data | information infrastructure | information management | management | system |

Information Resources Dictionary System - IRDS is a standard, not a system. It specifies services performed by a data administrator in cataloguing, documenting, managing, and using data dictionaries. It is based on the entity- relationship model, and allows attributes on relationships. Acronym: IRDS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Education Working Group, US CALS/CE Industry Steering Group Adapted from "Electronic Blue Book" 1993

Related Terms: Information Resources Dictionary System - data base | data dictionary | data standards | database management system | information management | standard | system |

Information Superhighway - The Information Superhighway is a network that will potentially connect every government agency, business, and citizen providing a means of rapid access to information (in digital form) and electronic communication to every business and citizen in the country. This vision is an unprecedented nationwide (and ultimately worldwide) electronic communications network Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Information Superhighway - commerce | communications | electronic commerce | information management | internet | marketing | telecommunications | trade | world wide web |

Initial Graphics Exchange Standard - A neutral file format for the representation and transfer of product definition data among CAD/CAM systems and application programs. Acronym: IGES Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Initial Graphics Exchange Standard - computer-aided design | computer-aided manufacturing | graphics standard | standard | system |

Integrated Logistics Support (1) - ILS is a management function that provides planning, funding, and functioning controls which help to assure that the system meets performance requirements, is developed at a reasonable price, and can be supported throughout its life cycle. The major goal of ILS is to ensure that all elements of support are Acronym: ILS Reference: Air Force Institute of Technology, Graduate School of Acquisition and Logistics

Related Terms: Integrated Logistics Support (1) - acquisition | integrated logistics support | logistics | military |

Integrated Product Data Base - A common product data base enables changes and modifications available to users simultaneously. Acronym: IPDB Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: National Security Industrial Association "CALS Expo '93, Proceedings and Reference" 1993

Related Terms: Integrated Product Data Base - data | data base | design | engineering | manufacturing | product |

Integrated Services Digital Network - The technical standards and design philosophy according to which digital networks will be designed. ISDN provides high-speed, high-bandwidth channels to every subscriber on the network, achieving end-to-end digital functions with standard equipment interface devices. The networks will enable a variety of mixed digital transmission services to be accommodated at a Acronym: ISDN Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Integrated Services Digital Network - communications | integration | internet | network | standard | telecommunications |

Integrated Weapon Systems Database - A physically distributed, logically linked data structure for the total collection of shared product definition and support data for one or more defense systems. Acronym: IWSDB Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government, MIL-HDBK-59B, 1993

Related Terms: Integrated Weapon Systems Database - acquisition | contracting | data base | defense | integrated weapon system management | integration | logistics | military | procurement | support |

Integration - Can be described as consisting of three main components: physical integration, the connection of the hardware; data integration, the ready exchange of data between applications without loss of functionality; and lastly business integration, the integration of the functions needed to support decisions, monitor and control business. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Source: Department of Trade and Industry, United Kingdom "Open Systems in Manufacturing"

Related Terms: Integration - acquisition | data | design | distribution | engineering | inventory | logistics | management | manufacturing | operations management | production | system | systems management | warehousing |

Intelligent Character Recognition - A technology that employs either software only or software and hardware to automatically recognize and translate raster images into structured data. Acronym: ICR Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Intelligent Character Recognition - computer | data | hardware | raster graphics | software |

Intelligent Gateway - Intelligent gateway is a technology which makes the complexities of on-line database connection and authorized interrogation transparent to users. Intelligent gateways provide transparent logos, transfer user prompted queries into that can be read by non-standard database retrieval programs. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994

Related Terms: Intelligent Gateway - communications | data | data base | internet | network |

Interactive Access - The ability to access authorized portions of the source data maintained in contractor or Government systems via on-line telecommunications data transfers in real or near-real time using various types of queries. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-B, 1993

Related Terms: Interactive Access - data | data base | query language | security | telecommunications |

Internet Protocol - A standard that describes how packets of data are transported across the Internet and recognized as an incoming message. Acronym: IP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Internet Protocol - application protocol | computer | file transfer protocol | internet | standard | software |

InterNIC - The official source of information about the Internet. Its goal is to: 1) provide Internet information services, 2) supervise the registration of Internet addresses, and 3) develop and provide databases that serve as white and yellow pages to the Internet. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: InterNIC - database | internet | internet address | network | uniform resource locator |

Inter-operability Testing - Inter-operability testing addresses the problem of data interchange between two vendor products within a data system, or between two data systems. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Education Working Group, US CALS/CE Industry Steering Group Adapted from "Electronic Blue Book" 1993

Related Terms: Inter-operability Testing - acquisition | data | engineering | manufacturing | product | software | system |

Joint Engineering Data Management Information and Computer System - The standard DoD program for management of engineering drawings and related technical data. It automates the DoD's engineering data repositories using an integrated suite of off-the-shelf hardware and software. This system enables improved acquisition, storage, update, and retrieval of technical information. Plans call for installation of JEDMICS at 25 sites Acronym: JEDMICS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government, Final Coordination Draft CALS Strategic Plan, 1993

Related Terms: Joint Engineering Data Management Information and Computer System - commercial off the shelf | computer | data | department of defense | engineering | hardware | management | manufacturing | software | system | technology |

Legacy Data - Existing data that has been acquired by an organization. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Legacy Data - computer | data | database management | database management system | information management | legacy data management | life cycle cost | system |

Legacy Data Management - The process of identifying and evaluating historical information and defining potential solutions and requirements for long-term usage of that data in a cost effective manner. Acronym: LDM Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Legacy Data Management - computer | data | database management | database management system | information management | legacy data | life cycle cost | system |

Local Area Network (1) - A user-owned and operated data transmission facility connecting a number of communicating devices (e.g. computers, terminals, word processors, printers, and mass storage units) within a single building or campus of buildings. Acronym: LAN Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with the permission of: Gartner Group, Inc Information Technology Glossary Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Local Area Network (1) - business | computer | data | information management | internet | network | wide area network |

Logistics Support Analysis Record - That portion of LSA documentation consisting of detailed data pertaining to the identification of logistic support resource requirements of a system or equipment. n Smith, "An Introduction to CALS: The Strategy and the Standards", 1990. Acronym: LSAR Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Logistics Support Analysis Record - acquisition | continuous acquisition and life-cycle support | logistics | logistics support analysis | maintenance | modeling | support | system |

Magnetic Tape - Magnetic tape is the preferred physical medium for delivery of technical data in digital form because it is a mature, stable technology that is able to handle the large volumes of data typically involved in a major weapon system acquisition. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-B", 1993

Related Terms: Magnetic Tape - computer | data | hardware | medium | software | technical data | technology |

Markup - Tags that are added to the data of a document in order to convey information about it. it. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Standard 1840-B" 1992

Related Terms: Markup - descriptive markup | document | hypertext | hypertext markup | parser |

Multimedia - Used essentially to define applications and technologies that manipulate text, data, images and voice full motion video objects. Typically associated with PCs, but increasingly associated with networked-based applications. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Multimedia - computer | design | education | file | hardware | information management | marketing | network | premo | software | telecommunications |

National Information Infrastructure - A concept conceived by the Clinton Administration and an alliance of computer, software, cable, and phone companies. The proposed concept would be the electronic network of tomorrow and would use phone line, cable systems, and high-speed data-networks to link everyone, including government agencies, universities, company presidents, and private citizens. The Acronym: NII Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: National Information Infrastructure - computer | education | hardware | marketing | network | software | telecommunications |

Node (1) - A Node is a termination point for two or more communication links. The Node serves as the control location for forwarding data among the elements of a network or multiple networks, as well as perform other networking, and in some cases, local processing functions. In systems network architecture, a node Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Node (1) - communications | computer | data | hardware | internet | network | software |

ODAS - Ocean Data Acquisition System, a COST project. Acronym: ODAS Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: ODAS - international | trade |

On-Board Computer - Cab-mounted device which electronically or mechanically records data such as truck speed, engine rpm, idle time and other information useful to trucking management. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: On-Board Computer - trip recorder | trucking |

Open Data-link Interface - A standard interface, developed by Novell and Apple, that performs the same functions as NDIS. Acronym: ODI Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Open Data-link Interface - computer | data | hardware | interface | network | network driver interface specification | software | standard |

Optical Disk - An unalterable optical storage medium that allows large amounts of data to be permanently written to it. An optical disk is read using laser and magnetic technology and has a useful life span of 100 plus years. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Optical Disk - compact disk read-only memory | computer | data | data base | hardware | medium |

Parts List Data Base - This tool controls parts inventory during fabrication and operation. PLDB provides inventory status of parts, prepares part list reports, generates purchase orders, and tracks cost/budget of parts. PLDB is linked to LSAR, Imaging, and Bar Coding. Acronym: PLDB Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: National Security Industrial Association "CALS Expo '93, Proceedings and Reference

Related Terms: Parts List Data Base - components | data | data base | inventory | inventory control | logistics support analysis record | manufacturing | parts | production | purchasing |

Processable Data Document - Technical data in digital source form that is either organized and formatted so that an automated data processing system can further structure or restructure the data in a variety of ways, or is compatible for direct processing by an automated design, engineering, or logistic support system. Processable data can be Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-A" 1993

Related Terms: Processable Data Document - data | data base | document | file | technical data | technical manual |

Product Data - All engineering data, in processable form, necessary to define the geometry, the function, and the behavior of an item over its entire life span, including logistic elements for quality, reliability, maintainability, topology, relationship, tolerances, attributes, and features necessary to define the item completely for the purpose of design, analysis, manufacture, Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from Joan Smith, "An Introduction to CALS: The Strategy and the Standards", 1990

Related Terms: Product Data - data | engineering | engineering data | life cycle | logistics | product | quality |

Product Data Exchange Standard/Standard for the Exchange of Product Model Data - A set of standards under development for communicating a complete product model with sufficient information content that advanced CAD/CAM applications can interpret. PDES is under development as a national (U.S.) standard and STEP is under development as its international counterpart. Acronym: PDES/STEP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994

Related Terms: Product Data Exchange Standard/Standard for the Exchange of Product Model Data - communications | computer-aided design | computer-aided manufacturing | data | exchange | file | interchange | product | standard |

Product Model - A data model that contains the functions and physical characteristics of each unit of a product throughout its complete life cycle (from requirements specification to disposal). Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Source: Department of Trade and Industry, United Kingdom "Open Systems in Manufacturing"

Related Terms: Product Model - acquisition | data | design | engineering | life cycle | model | product | support |

Protocol (1) - A set of procedures for establishing and controlling data transmission. Examples include IBM's BSC (Binary Synchronous Communications) and SDLC (Synchronous Data Link Control) protocols. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994

Related Terms: Protocol (1) - exchange | file transfer protocol | interchange | interface | internet protocol | network news transport protocol | point-to-point protocol | serial line internet protocol | simple mail transfer protocol | transmission control protocol/internet protocol |

Random-Access Memory - Thought of as temporary memory because when the computer is turned off, all data stored in RAM is lost. To run a computer software application, it must be loaded into RAM. All computer programs (software) have a minimum RAM requirement. Acronym: RAM Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Random-Access Memory - computer | hardware | media | read-only memory | software |

Rapid Acquisition of Manufactured Parts - The Navy's RAMP program will enhance logistic support by applying data-driven automated manufacturing, acquisition, and inventory management technologies to produce small lots of selected, hard-to-acquire parts and assemblies at reduced cost and significantly shortened lead times. Acronym: RAMP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Education Working Group, US CALS/CE Industry Steering Group "Electronic Blue Book" 1993

Related Terms: Rapid Acquisition of Manufactured Parts - acquisition | data | component | inventory | logistics | manufacturing | parts | procurement | production | supply | support |

Rapid Response Manufacturing - One of the major objectives of RRM is to create an engineering information environment that is accessible and useful for multiple engineering and manufacturing applications. Accepted robust standards for process and product data storage and exchange, which commercial vendors actively support, are a necessary ingredient of the infrastructure being developed Acronym: RRM Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: National Security Industrial Association "CALS Expo '93, Proceedings and Reference"

Related Terms: Rapid Response Manufacturing - acquisition | logistics | manufacturing | parts | procurement | product | production | rapid acquisition of manufactured parts | standard | supply | support |

Read-Only Memory - A type of computer storage that is not available to the user for writing. That is, the user of ROM can access and use data which is stored in ROM, but can not change the data. Computer CDs use ROM. Once data is placed in ROM it remains and can Acronym: ROM Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Read-Only Memory - computer | hardware | media | random-access memory | software |

Relational Database - A database system in which the database is organized and accessed according to the relationships between data items without the need for any consideration of physical orientation and relationship. Relationships between data items are expressed by means of tables. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993

Related Terms: Relational Database - computer | data | data base | information | relational database management system | software |

Relational Database Management System - A database management system in which the database is organized and accessed according to the relationships between data items. In a relational database, relationships between data items are expressed by means of tables. Interdependencies among these tables are expressed by data values rather than by pointers. This allows a high Acronym: RDBMS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993

Related Terms: Relational Database Management System - data | data base | information management | relational database | system |

REM - Radioactive Environmental Monitoring, a Joint Research Centre (JRC) database. Acronym: REM Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: REM - international | trade |

Remote Data Access - A standard being developed to interconnect applications and databases. The standard originally attempted to cover any kind of data access and concerned itself only with effective dialogue management, but the complexity of so broad a scope has focused it more on Structured Query Language (SQL). An SQL specialization draft based Acronym: RDA Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group Adapted from: "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Remote Data Access - data | information | management | network | security |

Repository - A facility for storing descriptions and behaviors of objects in an enterprise, including requirements, policies, processes, data, software libraries, projects, platforms and personnel, with the potential of supporting both software development and operations management. A single point of definition for all system resources. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group Adapted from: "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993

Related Terms: Repository - business | data base | document | enterprise | file | information | information management | policy | process | program | software |

RESEAU - A database and monitoring network in CADDIA on environmental, agricultural and urban development. Acronym: RESEAU Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: RESEAU - international | trade |

SIENA - A database of external trade statistics in Eurostat. Acronym: SIENA Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: SIENA - international | trade |

Simple Mail Transfer Protocol - A protocol that describes how information is passed between reporting devices and data collection programs. It can be used to gather information about hosts on the Internet. Acronym: SMTP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Simple Mail Transfer Protocol - computer | electronic mail | internet | network protocol | protocol | world wide web |

Standard for the Exchange of Product Model Data - A standard under development which will be used to describe a product in a neutral format over its complete life-cycle in a hardware-independent way. Acronym: STEP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Trade and Industry, United Kingdom. "CALS: Computer Aided Acquisition and Logistic Support: The Executive Guide"

Related Terms: Standard for the Exchange of Product Model Data - continuous acquisition and life-cycle support | data | exchange | hardware | interchange | life cycle | standard |

START-UP - Supplies for Technological Advanced Requirements Through Users Protocols, a STATEL. A CADDIA programme on the interchange of electronic data between Eurostat and the national statistical offices. Acronym: START-UP Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: START-UP - international | trade |

STRADA - Standardization of Traffic Data Transmission and Management. a DRIVE project. Acronym: STRADA Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: STRADA - international | trade |

Structured Query Language - SQL is a relational data language that provides a consistent, English keyword-oriented set of facilities for query, data definition, data manipulation and data control. It is a programming interface to a relational database management system (RDBMS). [ISO 9075, ANSI X3.135-1992, FIPS 127-2, MIL-STD-1388, TBITS 2]Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993. Acronym: SQL Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Structured Query Language - computer | data | data base | database management system | program | query language |

Technical Data - Includes flight manuals, operator manuals, maintenance instructions (organizational, intermediate, and depot levels), illustrated parts breakdowns, time compliance technical orders (TCTOs), and commercial manuals required to operate, maintain, service, repair, overhaul, and modify the systems, subsystems, or equipment acquired by the Air Force. Reference: Air Force Institute of Technology, Graduate School of Acquisition and Logistics

Related Terms: Technical Data - acquisition | integrated logistics support | logistics | military |

Technical Data (1) - Recorded information, regardless of form or method of the recording of a scientific or technical nature (including software documentation). The term does not include computer software or data incidental to contract administration, such as financial and/or management information. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-A" 1993

Related Terms: Technical Data (1) - acquisition | data | engineering | maintenance | manufacturing | product data | production | software | technical data package | technical manual |

Technical Data Package - A technical description that is adequate to support acquisition of an item, including engineering and production, the description consisting of all applicable technical data such as engineering drawings, associated lists, product and process specifications and standards, performance requirements, quality assurance provisions, and packaging details. Acronym: TDP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from Joan Smith, "An Introduction to CALS: The Strategy and the Standards", 1990

Related Terms: Technical Data Package - acquisition | engineering | manufacturing | production | support | technical data | technical manual |

Technical Information Systems - The generic term for the enterprise network of existing and augmented automated data processing systems used by government and contractors for management of technical information in support of the design, manufacture, and logistic processes for products such as weapon systems and related major equipment items. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-A" 1993

Related Terms: Technical Information Systems - business | data | design | enterprise | information management | manufacturing | network | system |

TECNET - A database of information technology projects relating to vocational training. Acronym: TECNET Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: TECNET - international | trade |

Text File - A file which uses the American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) or similar system to represent the text of a document. Data within a text file are delineated as human readable words, sentences, and paragraphs rather than data elements. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-A" 1993

Related Terms: Text File - ascii | computer | data | document | file | information |

Transport (1) - A network or telecommunications transmission protocol; a set of rules for the transfer of analog or digital data.

Related Terms: Transport (1) - exchange | interface | interchange | network | telecommunications | protocol |

Trip Recorder - Cab-mounted device which electronically or mechanically records data such as truck speed, engine rpm, idle time and other information useful to trucking management. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Trip Recorder - on-board computer | trucking |

Wide Area Information Server (1) - Software that is used to index large text files in servers. On the client side, it finds and retrieves documents in databases, based on user-defined keywords. WAIS indexes can be searched for everything from government documents and treaties to documents about obscure religious sects. Acronym: WAIS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Wide Area Information Server (1) - client | data base | file | local-area network | network | server | software | text file | wide-area network |

Wide-Area Network - A data transmission facility that connects geographically dispersed sites using long-haul networking facilities. Acronym: WAN Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993

Related Terms: Wide-Area Network - data | local area network | network | user network | server | value-added network | wide area information server |

X.25 - A data communication protocol that ensures data integrity while data is being transmitted to, from and within the network. This standard defines the interconnection of packet-switching networks and their associated computers or terminals. These types of networks make efficient use of the telecommunications networks by taking the data generated by Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: X.25 - computer | data | exchange | interface | network | protocol | standard | telecommunications | X.400 | X.500 |


Unless otherwise indicated, all entries in the LogisticsWorld Logistics Glossary are copyright 1997, Matthew D. Cox, logistics@logisticsworld.com.

 

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