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			Aircraft - 




A vehicle designed for air transportation. 




 Acronym: A/C, ACFT





 Aircraft





	
	
Related Terms: Aircraft - aerospace | air | airborne | air cargo | air carrier | air freight | airline | airport | freight |

All Terrain Vehicle - Vehicle designed for any type of terrain. Acronym: ATV Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: All Terrain Vehicle - trucking | vehicle |

Alternative Fueled Vehicle - Vehicle powered by a fuel other than gasoline or diesel. Acronym: AFV Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Alternative Fueled Vehicle - environmental | transportation | trucking | vehicle |

Antilock Braking System - Computer, sensors and solenoid valves which together monitor wheel speed and modulate braking force if wheel lockup is sensed during braking. Helps the driver retain control of the vehicle during heavy braking on slippery roads. Acronym: ABS Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Antilock Braking System - truck | trucking | vehicle |

Automated Vehicle Location - Class of technologies designed to locate vehicles for fleet management purposes and for stolen vehicle recovery. Infrastructure can be land-based radio towers or satellites. Acronym: AVL Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Automated Vehicle Location - intelligent transportation systems | intelligent vehicle highway systems | trucking |

Automatic Vehicle Identification - System combining an on-board transponder with roadside receivers to automate identification of vehicles. Uses include electronic toll collection and stolen vehicle detection. Acronym: AVI Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Automatic Vehicle Identification - intelligent transportation systems | intelligent vehicle highway systems | trucking |

Blind Spot - Areas around a commercial vehicle that are not visible to the driver either through the windshield, side windows or mirrors. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Blind Spot - transportation | trucking | vehicle |

Bridge Formula - A bridge protection formula used by federal and state governments to regulate the amount of weight that can be put on each of a vehicle's axles, and how far apart the axles (or groups of axles) must be to legally carry a given weight. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Bridge Formula - transportation | trucking |

Cabotage - The right of drivers of commercial vehicles to ply for hire in another country, introduced as an element of road transport policy in 1993. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Cabotage - international | trade |

Car - A passenger vehicle or a conveyance that travels on a rail such as a streetcar or railroad car.  Car

Related Terms: Car - conveyance | railroad | railroad car | vehicle |

Cargo - The freight carred by a ship, aircraft, truck or other vessel or vehicle.

Related Terms: Cargo - aircraft | cargo handler | freight | ship | truck | vehicle | vessel |

Cargo Weight - Combined weight of all loads, gear and supplies on a vehicle. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Cargo Weight - cargo | freight | trucking |

Commercial Driver's License (1) - License which authorizes an individual to operate commercial motor vehicles and buses over 26,000 pounds gross vehicle weight. For operators of freight-hauling trucks, the maximum size which may be driven without a CDL is Class 6 (maximum 26,000 pounds gross vehicle weight). Acronym: CDL Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Commercial Driver's License (1) - transportation | truck | trucking |

Craft - A man-made vehicle used for transporting people or goods; or a skill, trade, or profession.

Related Terms: Craft - transport | transportation | vehicle | vessel |

Daytime Running Lights - System that automatically turns on a vehicle's low beam headlights when the parking brake is released and the ignition is on. Acronym: DRL Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Daytime Running Lights - truck | trucking |

DRIVE - Dedicated Road Infrastructure for Vehicle Safety in Europe, a major initiative begun in 1988 to apply information technology to the improvement of road safety and the reduction of environmental pollution by road traffic. Acronym: DRIVE Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: DRIVE - international | trade |

Electric Vehicle - Vehicle powered by electric motor(s) rather than by an internal combustion engine. Most common source of electricity is chemical storage batteries. Acronym: EV Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Electric Vehicle - environmental | trucking | vehicle |

Estimated Time of Arrival - The dae and time a package or shipment is scheduled or expected to arrive at a given destination; or the date and time a vehicle is expected to arrive at a given destination. Acronym: ETA

Related Terms: Estimated Time of Arrival - carrier | estimated delivery date | estimated time of departure | shipment | vehicle |

Estimated Time of Departure - The date and time a vehicle or shipment is expected to depart on a journey. Acronym: ETD

Related Terms: Estimated Time of Departure - carrier | estimated delivery date | estimated time of arrival | shipment | vehicle |

Geared Speed - Calculated vehicle speed at the engine's governed rpm in each transmission gear, or (commonly) in top gear. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Geared Speed - engine | truck | trucking |

Grade - Steepness of a grade, expressed as a percentage. Example: A vehicle climbing a 5% grade rises 5 feet for every 100 feet of forward travel. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Grade - gradeability | trucking |

Gradeability - Vehicle's ability to climb a grade at a given speed. Example: A truck with a gradeability of 5% at 60 mph can maintain 60 mph on a grade with a rise of 5%. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Gradeability - grade | trucking |

Gross Axle Weight Rating - Maximum weight an axle is rated to carry by the manufacturer. Includes both the weight of the axle and the portion of a vehicle's weight carried by the axle. Acronym: GAWR Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Gross Axle Weight Rating - gross vehicle weight | trucking |

Gross Combination Weight - Total weight of a loaded combination vehicle, such as a tractor-semitrailer or truck and full trailer(s). Acronym: GCW Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Gross Combination Weight - gross vehicle weight | trucking |

Gross Vehicle Weight - Total weight of a vehicle and everything aboard, including its load. Acronym: GVW Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Gross Vehicle Weight - chassis weight | curb weight | gross vehicle weight rating | trucking |

Gross Vehicle Weight Rating - Total weight a vehicle is rated to carry by the manufacturer, including its own weight and the weight of its load. Acronym: GVWR Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Gross Vehicle Weight Rating - chassis weight | curb weight | gross vehicle weight | trucking |

Hours-of-Service - U.S. Department of Transportation safety regulations which govern the hours of service of commercial vehicle drivers engaged in interstate trucking operations. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Hours-of-Service - transportation | trucking |

Intelligent Transportation Systems - Blanket term for a wide array of technologies, including electronic sensors, computer hardware and software and radio communications. The purpose of IVHS is to increase efficiency of use of existing highways, reducing travel time, fuel consumption, air pollution and accidents. There are five functional areas: Advanced Public Transportation Systems (APTS). Acronym: ITS Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Intelligent Transportation Systems - automatic vehicle identification | automated vehicle location | intelligent vehicle highway systems | trucking | weight-in-motion |

Intelligent Vehicle Highway Systems - Blanket term for a wide array of technologies, including electronic sensors, computer hardware and software and radio communications. The purpose of IVHS is to increase efficiency of use of existing highways, reducing travel time, fuel consumption, air pollution and accidents. There are five functional areas: Advanced Public Transportation Systems (APTS). Acronym: IVHS Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Intelligent Vehicle Highway Systems - automatic vehicle identification | automated vehicle location | intelligent transportation systems | trucking | weight-in-motion |

Jack Brake - Device used to assist brakes in slowing the vehicle. The most common type of retarder on over-the-road trucks manipulates the engine's valves to create engine drag. (This type is commonly referred to as "Jake Brake" because the predominant manufacturer is Jacobs Vehicle Equipment Co.) Other types of retarders include exhaust Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Jack Brake - retarder | trucking |

Lessee - Company or individual which leases vehicles. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Lessee - lease | leased carrier | leasing | lessor | trucking |

Lessor - Company which leases vehicles. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Lessor - lease | leased carrier | leasing | lessee | trucking |

Lift Axle - Extra, unpowered axle needed only when the vehicle is loaded, allowing it to meet federal and state vehicle weight standards. The lift axle is mounted to an air spring suspension that raises the axle when it is not required. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Lift Axle - axle | trucking |

Long Combination Vehicle - In general, vehicles longer than a standard doubles rig (tractor and two 28-foot semitrailers). Examples of LCVs which are permitted in some U.S. western states and eastern toll roads: Twin 48-foot trailers; triple 28-foot trailers. Acronym: LCV Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Long Combination Vehicle - trailer | trucking |

LTL Carrier - Trucking company which consolidates less-than-truckload cargo for multiple destinations on one vehicle. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: LTL Carrier - less than truckload | tl carrier | trucking | truckload |

Railroad - A transportation medium consisting of a track composed of parallel rails and ties for trains and other rail vehicles; or a system of tracks, equipment, facilities, and property for railroad transportation.  Railroad

Related Terms: Railroad - engine | equipment | facility | rail | railcar | rails | railway | transportation | vehicle |

Retarder - Device used to assist brakes in slowing the vehicle. The most common type of retarder on over-the-road trucks manipulates the engine's valves to create engine drag. (This type is commonly referred to as "Jake Brake" because the predominant manufacturer is Jacobs Vehicle Equipment Co.) Other types of retarders include exhaust Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Retarder - jack brake | trucking |

Road Transport - Subject to several directives on rules of employment, training and work periods for drivers of heavy commercial vehicles, on road safety, and on cross-border freight. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Road Transport - international | trade |

Setback Axle - Front steering axle moved rearward from the generally accepted standard position. Advantages: Shorter turning radius and more of a vehicle's weight shifted to front axle. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Setback Axle - axle | trucking |

Single Administrative Document - A 1988 document replacing the several import/export forms and transit documents previously necessary for drivers of commercial vehicles to cross internal EC borders. Acronym: SAD Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Single Administrative Document - international | trade |

Sliding Fifth Wheel - Fifth wheel mounted to a mechanism that allows it to be moved back and forth for the purpose of adjusting the distribution of weight on the tractor's axles. Also provides the capability to vary vehicle combination lengths.  Sliding Fifth Wheel Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Sliding Fifth Wheel - fifth wheel | trucking |

Speedability - Top speed a vehicle can attain as determined by engine power, engine governed speed, gross weight, driveline efficiency, air resistance, grade and load. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Speedability - trucking | vehicle |

Straight Truck - Vehicle which carries cargo in a body mounted to its chassis, rather than on a trailer towed by the vehicle. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Straight Truck - bobtail | truck | trucking |

Tanker - A vehicle for transporting bulk liquid freight; a tanker ship; a tanker truck or trailer; or a tanker aircraft. The equivalent form of rail transport is the tank car.  Tanker

Related Terms: Tanker - aircraft | bulk | car | freight | railroad | ship | trailer | transportation | truck | vehicle |

Tare Weight - The weight of an item's container and packing; or the empty weight of a vehicle or container.

Related Terms: Tare Weight - shipping weight | tare |

Trip Leasing - Leasing a company's vehicle to another transportation provider for a single trip. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Trip Leasing - leasing | trucking |

Truck (1) - Vehicle which carries cargo in a body mounted to its chassis, rather than on a trailer towed by the vehicle.  Truck (1) Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Truck (1) - straight truck | tractor | trucking |

Vehicle Identification Number - Assigned by the manufacturer, this number is unique to each vehicle and appears on the vehicle's registration and title. Acronym: VIN Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Vehicle Identification Number - truck | trucking | vehicle |

Vehicle Maintenance Reporting Standards - Set of codes developed to facilitate computerized tracking of parts and labor used in equipment repair. Established and maintained by the American Trucking Associations. Acronym: VMRS Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Vehicle Maintenance Reporting Standards - maintenance | trucking |

Weight-In-Motion - Technology for determining a vehicle's weight without requiring it to come to a complete stop. Acronym: WIM Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Weight-In-Motion - intelligent transportation systems | trucking | vehicle |


Unless otherwise indicated, all entries in the LogisticsWorld Logistics Glossary are copyright 1997, Matthew D. Cox, logistics@logisticsworld.com.

 

WWW Virtual Library of Logistics
Ver 4, Sep, 1999, Matthew D. Cox, logistics@logisticsworld.com
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Copyright 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999 MDC, All rights reserved.