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			Advisory Committee on Foodstuffs - 




Established in 1975 to work for the harmonization of national laws on foodstuffs, with a membership drawn from national economic and consumer associations. 









 Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm





	
	
Related Terms: Advisory Committee on Foodstuffs - international | trade |

African, Caribbean and Pacific States - The group of developing countries which belong to the Lomé Convention, by which most of their products are allowed into the EC on a non-reciprocal basis. The membership is currently 70 countries, and they are also eligible to grants from the European Development Fund (EDF) and loans from the European Acronym: ACP Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: African, Caribbean and Pacific States - international | trade |

American National Standards Institute (1) - The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) is a privately funded, non-profit organization which coordinates the development of voluntary standards in the United States and is the agency that approves standards (as American National Standards). It coordinates and manages U.S. participation in the work of several non-governmental international standards organizations, including Acronym: ANSI Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994

Related Terms: American National Standards Institute (1) - industry | specification | standard | technology |

Association Agreements - Originally agreements between the EC and European states which at the time had not rejected the future possibility of applying for EC membership. They involve reciprocal arrangements for imports and exports within a customs union. Agreements are supervised by an Association Council representing both parties. The similar agreements with Eastern Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Association Agreements - international | trade |

Automatic Equipment Identifier - A transponder built into a container which transmits information about the container such as weight and container number for automatic update to a shipping database. Acronym: AEI

Related Terms: Automatic Equipment Identifier - container | freight | shipping | terminal | transponder |

AVIS - The statement isued by the Commission on the acceptability of a formal application by a state for EC membership. Acronym: AVIS Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: AVIS - international | trade |

Bill of Lading - A document issued by a carrier for the receipt of goods for shipment, and which describes the terms of shipment. Acronym: BL, B/L

Related Terms: Bill of Lading - carrier | consign | consignment | shipment | straight bill of lading | through bill of lading |

Bill of Lading (1) - Itemized list of goods contained in a shipment. Acronym: B/L Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Bill of Lading (1) - carrier | consign | consignment | shipment | straight bill of lading | through bill of lading | trucking |

Birkelbach Report - A 1962 document which reviewed the question of association with and membership of the EC, recommending that eligibility for membership should be restricted to democratic states which had a Western military and political alignment. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Birkelbach Report - international | trade |

Cargo - The freight carred by a ship, aircraft, truck or other vessel or vehicle.

Related Terms: Cargo - aircraft | cargo handler | freight | ship | truck | vehicle | vessel |

Carload - A shipment in which the freight completely fills a container or railcar. Acronym: CL

Related Terms: Carload - freight | full carload | less than carload | railcar | shipment |

Citizenship - First defined beyond limited and specified individual, mainly economic, rights in the Treaty on European Union, but it remains unclear what citizenship is or involves. There is no reference to the duties of citizens, and because the European Union does not have a legal personality and because sovereignty still rests Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Citizenship - international | trade |

Community Programme for Education and Training in Technology - Established in 1986, a programme to promote cross-national cooperation and partnerships between enterprises and universities in the training of students in new technologies, mainly through the provision of work experience in another EC country. Acronym: COMETT Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Community Programme for Education and Training in Technology - international | trade |

Consignee - The person or carrier to which a shipment of goods is entrusted.

Related Terms: Consignee - bill of lading | consign | consigned | consigner | consignment | consignor | goods | shipment |

Consumers' Consultative Committee - Established in 1973 as an advisory body on consumer policy, with most of its membership coming from four European consumer associations: the Confederation of Family Organizations in the European Community (COFACE), the European Community Consumer Cooperatives (EURO-COOP), the European bureau of Consumers' Unions (BEUC), and the European Trade Union Confederation Acronym: CCC Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Consumers' Consultative Committee - international | trade |

Container (1) - Standard-sized rectangular box used to transport freight by ship, rail and highway. International shipping containers are 20 or 40 feet long, conform to International Standards Organization (ISO) standards and are designed to fit in ships' holds. Containers are transported on public roads atop a container chassis towed by a tractor. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Container (1) - shipping container | trucking |

Container Chassis - Single-purpose semitrailer designed to carry a shipping container. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Container Chassis - container | shipping container | trucking |

Container Load - A shipment in which the freight completely fills a container. Acronym: CL

Related Terms: Container Load - container | freight | full container load | less than container load | shipment |

Container On Flat Car - Method of moving shipping containers which involves transporting them on railroad flat cars. Acronym: COFC Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Container On Flat Car - piggyback | trailer on flat car | trucking |

Contract Carrier - Company that transports freight under contract with one or a limited number of shippers. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Contract Carrier - carrier | trucking |

Council of Ministers - The executive organ of the EC representing the Member States, with one representative per country. Because it is responsible for a broad range of policy sectors, it has no fixed membership. the composition of each Council meeting is determined by a particular policy agenda. At its core are the gatherings Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Council of Ministers - international | trade |

Data Dictionary - A repository of information about data, such as its meaning, relationships to other data, origin, usage and format. The dictionary assists company management, database administrators, systems analysts and application programmers in effectively planning, controlling and evaluating the collection, storage and use of data. A data dictionary manages data categories such Acronym: DD Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993}

Related Terms: Data Dictionary - data | data base | information management | management | software | system |

Data Management Standards - Data management standards will provide common definitions of the data elements, their attributes, relationships, data integrity constraints, and database access rules. This includes standards for system and data protection and security. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Office of the Secretary of Defense, United States Government "CALS Booklet"

Related Terms: Data Management Standards - data | data base | data base management system | information management | standard |

Data Model - The logical data structure developed during the logical database design process is a data model or entity model. It is also a description of the structural properties that define all entries represented in a database and all the relationships that exist among them. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993

Related Terms: Data Model - data | data modeling | design | information management | modeling | software |

Data Modeling - A structured method for representing and describing the data used in a business function automated system. Data modeling is used in combination with two other structured methods, data flow analysis and functional decomposition, to define the high-level structure of business and information systems. Its primary function is to define the Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993

Related Terms: Data Modeling - data | data model | design | information management | modeling | software |

Displacement - The weight or amount of water displaced by the hull of a ship.

Related Terms: Displacement - ship | water |

Dock - A platform for loading or unloading trucks, trains, ships, or aircraft; or an aircraft hangar.  Dock

Related Terms: Dock - hangar | load | loading | pier | unload |

Economic and Social Committee - An advisory institution that must be consulted on a range of issues, with a membership drawn from national interest groups. Acronym: ECOSOC Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Economic and Social Committee - international | trade |

Elysée Treaty - See Treaty of Frienship. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Elysée Treaty - international | trade | Treaty of Frienship |

Estimated Delivery Date - The date and time a package or shipment is expected to be delivered to a given destination. Acronym: EDD

Related Terms: Estimated Delivery Date - carrier | estimated time of arrival | estimated time of departure | shipment | vehicle |

Estimated Time of Arrival - The dae and time a package or shipment is scheduled or expected to arrive at a given destination; or the date and time a vehicle is expected to arrive at a given destination. Acronym: ETA

Related Terms: Estimated Time of Arrival - carrier | estimated delivery date | estimated time of departure | shipment | vehicle |

Estimated Time of Departure - The date and time a vehicle or shipment is expected to depart on a journey. Acronym: ETD

Related Terms: Estimated Time of Departure - carrier | estimated delivery date | estimated time of arrival | shipment | vehicle |

EUROPOLIS - An EUROS. European Register of Ships, established in 1989. Acronym: EUROPOLIS Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: EUROPOLIS - international | trade |

Export Declaration - A document required by the U.S. Treasury Department and completed by a shipper indicating the contents, value, and destination of an export shipment.

Related Terms: Export Declaration - export | export bill of lading | international | shipment | shipping |

Full Carload - A shipment in which the freight completely fills a container or railcar. Acronym: FC

Related Terms: Full Carload - carload | freight | less than carload | railcar | shipment |

Full Container Load - A shipment in which the freight completely fills a container. Acronym: FCL

Related Terms: Full Container Load - container | container load | freight | less than container load | shipment |

Full Truck Load - A shipment in which the freight completely fills the trailer or container. Acronym: FTL

Related Terms: Full Truck Load - container | freight | less than truckload | trailer | truck | truckload | shipment |

IDEF0 - A functional modeling method for complex manufacturing environment which when graphically represented show the structural relationships between the manufacturing processes. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Source: Department of Trade and Industry, United Kingdom "Open Systems in Manufacturing"

Related Terms: IDEF0 - IDEF1 | manufacturing | model | modeling | process |

IDEF1 - A graphical method which extends the process model by modeling the information flows and the entity relationships. IDEF1X provides extensions to IDEF1 with different graphical representation. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: IDEF1 - IDEF0 | manufacturing | model | modeling | process |

In Bond - A shipment status in which goods are permitted to enter a country and temporarialy stored for transport to a final destination where the duty will be paid.

Related Terms: In Bond - bonded | bonded warehouse | duty | export | freight | goods | shipment | tax |

Information Resources Dictionary System - IRDS is a standard, not a system. It specifies services performed by a data administrator in cataloguing, documenting, managing, and using data dictionaries. It is based on the entity- relationship model, and allows attributes on relationships. Acronym: IRDS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Education Working Group, US CALS/CE Industry Steering Group Adapted from "Electronic Blue Book" 1993

Related Terms: Information Resources Dictionary System - data base | data dictionary | data standards | database management system | information management | standard | system |

Inland - A term used to differentiate between the land and water segments of a transshipment; the domestic segment of a transshipment; a domestic shipment; on land; by land; over land; within the boundaries of a body of land; within a continent, country or region.

Related Terms: Inland - domestic | freight | land | shipment | trade | transshipment | water |

Inland Bill of Lading - A bill of lading that applies to overland shipments to an international carrier. Acronym: IBL

Related Terms: Inland Bill of Lading - bill of lading | carrier | consign | consignment | domestic | inland | international | shipment | straight bill of lading |

INTERPRISE - An initiative for encouraging transnational partnerships between industries and services. Acronym: INTERPRISE Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: INTERPRISE - international | trade |

Inter-University Cooperation Programmes - Partnership agreements between education institutes within the European Community Action Scheme for the Mobility of University Students (ERASMUS). Acronym: ICP, ICPs Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Inter-University Cooperation Programmes - international | trade |

Invoice - An itemized list of the value and quantity of goods shipped or services rendered.

Related Terms: Invoice - bill of lading | goods | inventory | services | shipment |

Less Than Carload - A shipment in which the freight does not completely fill the container or railcar; or a particular consignor's freight when combined with others to produce a full carload. Acronym: LTC Reference: less than container load,

Related Terms: Less Than Carload - carload | freight | full carload | railcar | shipment |

Less Than Container Load - A shipment in which the freight does not completely fill the container; or a particular consignor's freight when combined with others to produce a full container load. Acronym: LCL Reference: less than container load,

Related Terms: Less Than Container Load - container | container load | freight | full container load | shipment |

Less Than Truckload - A shipment in which the freight does not completely fill the trailer or container; or a particular consignor's freight when combined with others to produce a full truckload or full container load. Acronym: LTL Reference: less than container load,

Related Terms: Less Than Truckload - container | freight | full truckload | trailer | truck | truckload | shipment |

Loss of Market - An event in which a shipment or delivery is made for which the buyer no longer needs or can use the goods; or a late shipment refused by the buyer.

Related Terms: Loss of Market - buyer | delivery | goods | insurance | market | shipment |

Manifest - An itemized list of all passengers and cargo onboard a ship or aircraft; a listing of goods carried by a truck or train; or a listing of railcars in a train. Acronym:  Manifest

Related Terms: Manifest - aircraft | bill of lading | cargo | inventory | invoice | passenger | railcar | ship | train | truck |

Nine - The membership of the EC after the first enlargement of 1973 through to 1981. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Nine - international | trade |

Packaging - The wrapping, dunnage, or container in which something is packed for storage or shipment; the type or style of the wrapping or container used to protect goods during shipping and handling; materials used to prepare something for shipping or storage; or the process of packing an item for shipment or

Related Terms: Packaging - dunange | handling | materials | package service | process | protection | shipment | shipping | storage | tare weight |

People's Europe - See Citizenship; Committee for a People's Europe. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: People's Europe - international | trade | Citizenship | Committee for a People's Europe |

PREMO - A proposed international standard that specifies techniques for creating audiovisual interactive applications that recognize and emphasize the interrelationships among user interfaces, multimedia applications, and multimedia information interchange. PREMO includes interfaces for external storage, retrieval, and interchange of multimedia objects. The objective of PREMO is to consider the needs of the Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: National Security Industrial Association "CALS Expo '93, Proceedings and Reference"

Related Terms: PREMO - graphics standard | interface | international | multimedia | standard |

Pro Forma Invoice - An advanced-notice invoice used for customs requirements, or to provide shipment information to a buyer or reciever.

Related Terms: Pro Forma Invoice - customs | invoice | shipment |

Product Data - All engineering data, in processable form, necessary to define the geometry, the function, and the behavior of an item over its entire life span, including logistic elements for quality, reliability, maintainability, topology, relationship, tolerances, attributes, and features necessary to define the item completely for the purpose of design, analysis, manufacture, Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from Joan Smith, "An Introduction to CALS: The Strategy and the Standards", 1990

Related Terms: Product Data - data | engineering | engineering data | life cycle | logistics | product | quality |

Relational Database - A database system in which the database is organized and accessed according to the relationships between data items without the need for any consideration of physical orientation and relationship. Relationships between data items are expressed by means of tables. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993

Related Terms: Relational Database - computer | data | data base | information | relational database management system | software |

Relational Database Management System - A database management system in which the database is organized and accessed according to the relationships between data items. In a relational database, relationships between data items are expressed by means of tables. Interdependencies among these tables are expressed by data values rather than by pointers. This allows a high Acronym: RDBMS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference 1993

Related Terms: Relational Database Management System - data | data base | information management | relational database | system |

RENAVAL - A 1989 initiative of financial aid for the economic reconversion of areas heavily dependent upon ship-building. Acronym: RENAVAL Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: RENAVAL - international | trade |

Ship - The act of transporting goods or materials; or a vessel designed for ocean travel.  Ship

Related Terms: Ship - broker | cargo | carrier | consign | displacement | freight | goods | marine | ocean | shipment | shipper | transport | vessel |

Shipper's Loan and Count - A statement on a bill of lading that the shipper verified the loading and quantity loaded during transfer to a carrier for shipping.

Related Terms: Shipper's Loan and Count - bill of lading | carrier | inventory | loading | ship | shipment | shipper | shipping |

Shipping (1) - Regulated under a common shipping policy adopted in 1986 which placed shipping under EC competition policy and placed strict limits upon discrimination. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Shipping (1) - international | trade |

Shipping Container - Standard-sized rectangular box used to transport freight by ship, rail and highway. International shipping containers are 20 or 40 feet long, conform to International Standards Organization (ISO) standards and are designed to fit in ships' holds. Containers are transported on public roads atop a container chassis towed by a tractor. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Shipping Container - container | trucking |

Shipping Weight - "Dry" weight of a truck including all standard equipment, but excluding fuel and coolant. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Shipping Weight - shipping | trucking |

Shipyard - A facility for building or repairing ships.  Shipyard

Related Terms: Shipyard - facility | repair | ship |

Special Relations Agreements - Trade agreements signed by the EC with European countries which at the time of signing are not potential candidates for EC membership. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Special Relations Agreements - international | trade |

Tanker - A vehicle for transporting bulk liquid freight; a tanker ship; a tanker truck or trailer; or a tanker aircraft. The equivalent form of rail transport is the tank car.  Tanker

Related Terms: Tanker - aircraft | bulk | car | freight | railroad | ship | trailer | transportation | truck | vehicle |

Through Bill of Lading - A bill of lading that applies to domestic and international shipments. Acronym: TBL

Related Terms: Through Bill of Lading - bill of lading | carrier | consign | consignment | domestic | international | shipment | straight bill of lading |

TL Carrier - Trucking company which dedicates trailers to a single shipper's cargo, as opposed to an LTL (Less Than Truckload) carrier which transports the consolidated cargo of several shippers and makes multiple deliveries. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: TL Carrier - less than truckload | ltl carrier | trucking | truckload |

Transit Shipment - A shipment passing between one port and another, or between a port and a final destination.

Related Terms: Transit Shipment - port | shipment |

Transshipment - The transfer of cargo from one conveyance to another.  Transshipment

Related Terms: Transshipment - cargo | conveyance | shipment |

Truckload - A shipment in which the freight completly fills the trailer or container. Acronym: TL

Related Terms: Truckload - container | freight | full truckload | less than truckload | shipment | trailer | truck |

Twelve - The membership of the EC after 1986. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Twelve - international | trade |

Twenty-Foot Equivalent Unit - Standardized unit for measuring container capacity on ships, railcars, etc. Acronym: TEU Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Twenty-Foot Equivalent Unit - container | trucking |

UETP - University Enterprise Training Partnerships, a core component of the Community Programme for Education and Training in Technology. Acronym: UETP Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: UETP - international | trade |


Unless otherwise indicated, all entries in the LogisticsWorld Logistics Glossary are copyright 1997, Matthew D. Cox, logistics@logisticsworld.com.

 

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