The World Wide Web Virtual Library

WWW Virtual Library: Logistics

Clearinghouse

Clearinghouse Approved
LogisticsWorld Logistics Glossary
Home Home


Search  Index  Images  Acronyms  About  Help  Glossary Home 
Show: Related Terms Search Wizard Count Search History  





			Application Profile - 




A number of application protocols required for a specified task or industry sector. [Associated with STEP] Trade and Industry, United Kingdom. "Open Systems in Manufacturing". 









 Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency





	
	
Related Terms: Application Profile - application | application protocol | industry | standard for the exchange of product model data | trade |

Basic Research in Industrial Technologies in Europe - A 1985 programme to encourage research into the development of new technologies, manufacturing processes and products in older industrial economic sectors. Renewed in 1988, it was merged with European Research in Advanced Materials (EURAM), as BRITE-EURAM. Acronym: BRITE Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Basic Research in Industrial Technologies in Europe - international | trade |

CIM - Computer Integrated Manufacturing, an ESPRIT project on the use of information technology in industrial environments. Acronym: CIM Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: CIM - international | trade |

Computer-Aided Manufacturing (1) - The application of information technology to the control and management of manufacturing processes, normally restricted to the control of machine tools such as lathes and mills, where the tool is directly controlled by a computer. Acronym: CAM Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from Joan Smith, "An Introduction to CALS: The Strategy and the Standards", 1990

Related Terms: Computer-Aided Manufacturing (1) - computer | design | engineering | manufacturing | technology |

Computer-Integrated Manufacturing (1) - The application of information technology to the management of complete systems or subsystems within a manufacturing environment, characterized by the integration of many separate applications such as CAD, CAM, CAE, and robotics together with commercial applications such as stock control, spares ordering, and process planning. Acronym: CIM Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from Joan Smith, "An Introduction to CALS: The Strategy and the Standards", 1990

Related Terms: Computer-Integrated Manufacturing (1) - computer | computer-aided design | integration | management | manufacturing | technology |

Concurrent Engineering - A systematic approach to creating a product design that considers all elements of the product life cycle from conception of the design to disposal of the product, and in so doing defines the product, its manufacturing processes, and all other required life cycle processes such as logistic support. Acronym: CE Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from Joan Smith Adapted from "An Introduction to CALS: The Strategy and the Standards", 1990

Related Terms: Concurrent Engineering - acquisition | design | engineering | life cycle | manufacturing | product | process |

DIANE - Development of an Automat Integrated System of Neutronography, an DIDAMES. Distributed Industrial Design and Manufacturing of Electronic Subassemblies, a RACE project. Acronym: DIANE Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: DIANE - international | trade |

Digital Technical Data - Includes the part descriptions, product specifications, and standards that the initial designer draws upon; the engineering drawings and product data used in design and manufacturing; the information needed to guide the people who operate the system in the field, or who support and maintain it at all echelons of the Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-B", 1993

Related Terms: Digital Technical Data - acquisition | continuous acquisition and life-cycle support | data | design | specification | standard | technical data |

Electronic Design Interchange Format - A neutral, platform independent format for the interchange of integrated circuit design data from design to manufacturing organizations. Acronym: EDIF Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994

Related Terms: Electronic Design Interchange Format - communications | computer | data | design | manufacturing | software |

Enterprise Resource Planning - ERP represents the next generation of manufacturing resource planning (MRP II) software. ERP's usefulness and power lies beyond the present function boundaries of MRP II. Beyond the standard functionality that is offered, other features are included, e.g., quality process operations management, and regulatory reporting. In addition the base technology used Acronym: ERP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Enterprise Resource Planning - capacity requirements planning | enterprise | management | manufacturing | material requirements planning | planning | resource |

Flexible Computer Integrated Manufacturing - FCIM is the integration of equipment, software, communication, human resources, and business practices within an enterprise to rapidly manufacture, repair, and deliver items on demand with continuous improvements in the processes. The FCIM initiative is a Joint Service and Agency effort to establish and implement the procedures and processes needed Acronym: FCIM Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: National Security Industrial Association "CALS Expo '93, Proceedings and Reference"_

Related Terms: Flexible Computer Integrated Manufacturing - business | computer | computer-aided manufacturing | computer-integrated manufacturing | integration | management | policy | quality | software |

Foodstuffs - Regulated by legislation on manufacturing, labelling and marketing intended to improve consumer health and safety and strengthen consumer policy. Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

Related Terms: Foodstuffs - international | trade |

IDEF0 - A functional modeling method for complex manufacturing environment which when graphically represented show the structural relationships between the manufacturing processes. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Source: Department of Trade and Industry, United Kingdom "Open Systems in Manufacturing"

Related Terms: IDEF0 - IDEF1 | manufacturing | model | modeling | process |

Just-in-Time (1) - Manufacturing system which depends on frequent, small deliveries of parts and supplies to keep on-site inventory to a minimum. Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

Related Terms: Just-in-Time (1) - inventory | manufacturing | trucking |

Just-In-Time Inventory - A method of controlling and reducing direct and work-in-process inventory by having suppliers deliver material "just in time" to manufacturing. [ed. May also be applied to other areas such as "just in time training" offered by IETMs] Acronym: JIT Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Just-In-Time Inventory - inventory | management | manufacturing | production | quality |

Lead Time (1) - A span of time required to perform an activity. In a production and inventory control context, the activity is normally the procurement of materials or product from either an outside supplier or a company's own manufacturing facility. The individual components of any given lead time can include some or all Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Lead Time (1) - acquisition | contracting | inventory | logistics | manufacturing | procurement | production | purchasing | supply | support |

Manufacturing Automation Protocol - A largely moribund communication standard proposed by General Motors in 1986 that ideally would have enabled system devices within a manufacturing company to communicate among themselves. Acronym: MAP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Manufacturing Automation Protocol - computer-aided manufacturing | continuous acquisition and life-cycle support | department of defense | manufacturing | manufacturing technology | production | protocol | standard | technology |

Manufacturing Technology - This DoD program may provide a source of viable technology transfer for program specific CALS initiatives. The MANTECH program was established to help develop and improve manufacturing processes, techniques and equipment to provide timely reliable and economical production in DoD. Acronym: MANTECH Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: National Security Industrial Association Adapted from: "CALS Expo '93, Proceedings and Reference"

Related Terms: Manufacturing Technology - computer-aided manufacturing | continuous acquisition and life-cycle support | department of defense | manufacturing | manufacturing automation protocol | production | technology |

Material Requirements Planning (1) - Original manufacturing business software that focused only on planning the manufacturing materials and inventories and did not integrate planning for other resources, such as people and machine capacity. Acronym: MRP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Gartner Group "Information Technology Glossary" Executive Reference, 1993

Related Terms: Material Requirements Planning (1) - inventory | management | manufacturing | planning | production | software | technology |

National Institute of Standards and Technology - Created in 1901 as the National Bureau of Standards and renamed in 1988, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) works to strengthen U.S. industry's international competitiveness, advance science, and improve public health, safety and the environment. NIST conducts science and engineering research in commercially important fields such as Acronym: NIST Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Sharon J Kemmerer Department of Commerce, United States Government "CALS Testing Programs, Status and Strategy" October 1992

Related Terms: National Institute of Standards and Technology - business | government | industry | international | standard | technology | trade |

Rapid Acquisition of Manufactured Parts - The Navy's RAMP program will enhance logistic support by applying data-driven automated manufacturing, acquisition, and inventory management technologies to produce small lots of selected, hard-to-acquire parts and assemblies at reduced cost and significantly shortened lead times. Acronym: RAMP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: Education Working Group, US CALS/CE Industry Steering Group "Electronic Blue Book" 1993

Related Terms: Rapid Acquisition of Manufactured Parts - acquisition | data | component | inventory | logistics | manufacturing | parts | procurement | production | supply | support |

Rapid Response Manufacturing - One of the major objectives of RRM is to create an engineering information environment that is accessible and useful for multiple engineering and manufacturing applications. Accepted robust standards for process and product data storage and exchange, which commercial vendors actively support, are a necessary ingredient of the infrastructure being developed Acronym: RRM Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: National Security Industrial Association "CALS Expo '93, Proceedings and Reference"

Related Terms: Rapid Response Manufacturing - acquisition | logistics | manufacturing | parts | procurement | product | production | rapid acquisition of manufactured parts | standard | supply | support |

Total Quality Management (1) - Interfunctional approach to quality management, developed by Joseph Juran, involving marketing, engineering, manufacturing, purchasing, etc. Defects should be defined through examining customer expectations. The focus is on prevention, detection, and elimination of sources of defects. The Juran total quality management trilogy is quality control, quality planning, and quality projects. Acronym: TQM Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Total Quality Management (1) - customer | education | engineering | management | manufacturing | operations management | policy | quality |


Unless otherwise indicated, all entries in the LogisticsWorld Logistics Glossary are copyright 1997, Matthew D. Cox, logistics@logisticsworld.com.

 

WWW Virtual Library of Logistics
Ver 4, Sep, 1999, Matthew D. Cox, logistics@logisticsworld.com
Sponsored by LogisticsWorld.
Copyright 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999 MDC, All rights reserved.