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			Balladur Memorandum - 




A 1988 French statement on the reforms to the European Monetary system (EMS) necessary for an effective internal market. The core ideas were the maintaining of identical margins of permissible currency fluctuations and the participation of all Member States in the Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM). 









 Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm





	
	
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Bulletin Board Service - A bulletin board is similar to a network and thus Internet. Requirements for a bulletin board are a computer, modem, and preferably bulletin board software. A bulletin board can contain directories of files (for user downloading) and e-mail facilities (where users can exchange/or post messages). Based on their access privileges, Acronym: BBS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Bulletin Board Service - computer | internet | network | software |
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Cache - Cache memory is a small area of very fast RAM used to speed exchange of data. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: Cache - computer | data | random access memory |
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CCITT Group 4 - This CALS standard for raster graphics incorporates tiling, which divides a large image into smaller tiles. Graphic files are exchanged in CCITT/4 format in a compressed state so they take up much less file space. [MIL-D-28002, FIPS 150] Included with permission from: ArborText. "Getting Started with SGML. 1992" Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

Related Terms: CCITT Group 4 - continuous acquisition and life-cycle support | military | standard | technology |
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Communication Protocol - The rules governing the exchange of information between devices on a data link. Acronym: CP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994

Related Terms: Communication Protocol - communication | communications | computer | data | hardware | telecommunications |
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Computer-Aided Acquisition and Logistic Support - CALS is a global strategy to further enterprise integration through the streamlining of business processes and the application of standards and technologies for the development, management, exchange, and use of business and technical information. Now called Continuous Acquisition and Life-cycle Support. Acronym: CALS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

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Continuous Acquisition and Life-Cycle Support - CALS is a global strategy to further enterprise integration through the streamlining of business processes and the application of standards and technologies for the development, management, exchange, and use of business and technical information. Formerly Computer-Aided Acquisition and Logistic Support. Acronym: CALS Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

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Cooperation in Automation of Data and Documentation for Imports/Exports and Agriculture - An electronic information structure for the collection, storage, transmission and exchange of information, using new developments in information technology and telecommunications. Acronym: CADDIA Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Electronic Commerce (1) - The end-to-end digital exchange of all information needed to conduct business. Examples include EDI transactions, electronic mail, archives, audit trails, and all forms of records, including graphical images. Electronic Data Interchange (EDI), Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT) and Continuous Acquisition and Life-cycle Support (CALS). Acronym: EC Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

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Electronic Data Interchange (1) - The business-to-business interconnection of computers for the rapid exchange of a wide variety of documents, from bills of lading to build tickets at auto plants. Acronym: EDI Reference: Truck Writers of North America (TWNA)

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Electronic Data Interchange (2) - The inter-organizational, computer-to-computer exchange of structured information in a standard, machine-processable format. [Standards include EDIFACT and ANSI X.12] AECMA 2000M] EDI World Institute, 1994.:ArborText. Acronym: EDI Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

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Graphics Standard - A technical standard describing the digital exchange format of graphics data. (CCITT Group 4 and CGM are examples). Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Defense, United States Government "Military Handbook 59-B", 1993

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IES-DC - Information Exchange system - Data Collections, a directory and reference service on information technology. Acronym: IES-DC Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Initial Graphics Exchange Standard - A neutral file format for the representation and transfer of product definition data among CAD/CAM systems and application programs. Acronym: IGES Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency

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Integration - Can be described as consisting of three main components: physical integration, the connection of the hardware; data integration, the ready exchange of data between applications without loss of functionality; and lastly business integration, the integration of the functions needed to support decisions, monitor and control business. Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Source: Department of Trade and Industry, United Kingdom "Open Systems in Manufacturing"

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JANUS - An information exchange system on industrial health and safety. Acronym: JANUS Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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KAROLUS - A 1992 action plan for an exchange of national officials engaged in the implementation of EC legislation on the construction of the internal market. Acronym: KAROLUS Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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MATIC - Multi-Strategy Authoring Toolkit for Intelligent Courseware, a MATTHAEUS. A 1991 exchange programme for customs officials working on the operation of the internal market. Acronym: MATIC Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Office Document Architecture/Office Document Interchange Format - An explicit document architecture and interchange format standard which allows exchange of compound documents (i.e., documents composed of various content types, such as character, raster graphics, and geometric (Computer) graphics content. Acronym: ODA/ODIF Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994

Related Terms: Office Document Architecture/Office Document Interchange Format - computer | document | graphics standard | system |
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Product Data Exchange Standard/Standard for the Exchange of Product Model Data - A set of standards under development for communicating a complete product model with sufficient information content that advanced CAD/CAM applications can interpret. PDES is under development as a national (U.S.) standard and STEP is under development as its international counterpart. Acronym: PDES/STEP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Fairfax CALS Shared Resource Center, 1994

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Rapid Response Manufacturing - One of the major objectives of RRM is to create an engineering information environment that is accessible and useful for multiple engineering and manufacturing applications. Accepted robust standards for process and product data storage and exchange, which commercial vendors actively support, are a necessary ingredient of the infrastructure being developed Acronym: RRM Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Included with permission from: National Security Industrial Association "CALS Expo '93, Proceedings and Reference"

Related Terms: Rapid Response Manufacturing - acquisition | logistics | manufacturing | parts | procurement | product | production | rapid acquisition of manufactured parts | standard | supply | support |
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SCENT - System Customs Enforcement Network, a structure for the exchange of urgent information between national authorities on fraudulent evasion of customs and agricultural regulations, as well as on drug trafficking. Acronym: SCENT Reference: Professor Derek Urwin, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, U.K., http://www.abdn.ac.uk/~pol028/index.htm

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Standard for the Exchange of Product Model Data - A standard under development which will be used to describe a product in a neutral format over its complete life-cycle in a hardware-independent way. Acronym: STEP Reference: ECRC University of Scranton / Defense Logistics Agency Department of Trade and Industry, United Kingdom. "CALS: Computer Aided Acquisition and Logistic Support: The Executive Guide"

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Unless otherwise indicated, all entries in the LogisticsWorld Logistics Glossary are copyright 1997, Matthew D. Cox, logistics@logisticsworld.com.

 

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